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<string>

Defines the container template class basic_string and various supporting templates.

For a list of all members of this header, see <string> Members. For more information about basic_string, see basic_string Class

namespace std {
    template<class CharType>
        class char_traits;
    template<>
        class char_traits<char>;
    template<>
        class char_traits<wchar_t>;
    template<>
        class char_traits<char16_t>; 
    template<>
        class char_traits<char32_t>;

    template<
        class CharType,
        class Traits = char_traits<CharType>,
        class Allocator = allocator<CharType> 
    > class basic_string;

    typedef basic_string<char> string;
    typedef basic_string<wchar_t> wstring;
    typedef basic_string<char16_t> u16string;
    typedef basic_string<char32_t> u32string;

        // NARROW FUNCTIONS
    int stoi (
        const string& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    );
    long stol (
        const string& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    );
    unsigned long stoul (
        const string& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    );
    long long stoll (
        const string& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    );
    unsigned long long stoull (
        const string& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    );
    float stof (
        const string& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0
    );
    double stod (
        const string& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0
    );
    long double stold (
        const string& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0
    );

    string to_string (long long _Val); 
    string to_string (unsigned long long _Val); 
    string to_string (long double _Val);

        // WIDE FUNCTIONS
    int stoi (
        const wstring& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    );
    long stol (
        const wstring& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    );
    unsigned long stoul (
        const wstring& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    );
    long long stoll (
        const wstring& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    );
    unsigned long long stoull (
        const wstring& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0,
        int _Base = 10
    ); 
    float stof (
        const wstring& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0
    ); 
    double stod (
        const wstring& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0
    );
    long double stold (
        const wstring& _Str, 
        size_t *_Idx = 0
    );
    wstring to_wstring (long long _Val); 
    wstring to_wstring (unsigned long long _Val); 
    wstring to_wstring (long double _Val);

       // TEMPLATE FUNCTIONS
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator> operator+ (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator> operator+ (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const CharType *_Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator> operator+ (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            CharType _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator> operator+ (
            const CharType *_Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator> operator+ (
            CharType _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );

    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& operator+ (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& operator+ (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& operator+ (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator> 
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& operator+ (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& _Left,
            const CharType *_Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& operator+ (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& _Left,
            CharType _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& operator+ (
            const CharType *_Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& operator+ (
            CharType _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>&& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator== (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator== (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const CharType *_Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator== (
            const CharType *_Left, 
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator!= (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator!= (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& left,
            const CharType *_Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator!= (
            const CharType *_Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator< (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator< (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const CharType *_Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator< (
            const CharType *_Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator>= (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator>= (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const CharType *_Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator>= (
            const CharType *_Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator> (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator> (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const CharType *_Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator> (
            const CharType *_Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator<= (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator<= (
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            const CharType *_Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        bool operator<= (
            const CharType *_Left,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        void swap (
            basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Left,
            basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Right
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_ostream<CharType>& operator<< (
            basic_ostream<CharType>& _OStream,
            const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Str
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_istream<CharType>& operator>> (
            basic_istream<CharType>& _IStream,
            basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Str
        );
    template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_istream<CharType, Traits>& getline (
            basic_istream<CharType, Traits>& _IStream,
            basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Str
        );
     template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_istream<CharType, Traits>& getline (
            basic_istream<CharType, Traits>& _IStream,
            basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Str,
            CharType _Delimiter
        );
     template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_istream<CharType, Traits>& getline (
            basic_istream<CharType, Traits>&& _IStream,
            basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Str
        ); 
     template<class CharType, class Traits, class Allocator>
        basic_istream<CharType, Traits>& getline (
            basic_istream<CharType, Traits>&& _IStream,
            basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Str,
            CharType _Delimiter
        );
}  // namespace std

CharType

The template parameter that describes the character data type.

Traits

The template parameter that describes any properties of the CharType character data.

Allocator

The template parameter that describes the stored memory allocator object.

_Str

The basic_string that supports CharType character data.

_Val

The value to be converted.

_Idx

The index value of the first unconverted character.

_Base

The number base to use.

_IStream

The input stream that supports CharType character data.

_OStream

The output stream that supports CharType character data.

_Delimiter

The line delimiter.

_Left

The first (left) compare parameter, either a basic_string or character data.

_Right

The second (right) compare parameter, either a basic_string or character data.

The C++ language and the Standard C++ Library support two types of strings:

  • Null-terminated character arrays often referred to as C strings.

  • Template class objects, of type basic_string, that handle all char-like template arguments.

  • Header: <string>

  • Namespace: std

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