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Regex.Replace Method (String, String, Int32)

In a specified input string, replaces a specified maximum number of strings that match a regular expression pattern with a specified replacement string.

Namespace:  System.Text.RegularExpressions
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)
member Replace : 
        input:string * 
        replacement:string * 
        count:int -> string

Parameters

input
Type: System.String

The string to search for a match.

replacement
Type: System.String

The replacement string.

count
Type: System.Int32

The maximum number of times the replacement can occur.

Return Value

Type: System.String
A new string that is identical to the input string, except that the replacement string takes the place of each matched string. If the regular expression pattern is not matched in the current instance, the method returns the current instance unchanged.
ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

input or replacement is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

RegexMatchTimeoutException

A time-out occurred. For more information about time-outs, see the Remarks section.

The search for matches starts at the beginning of the input string. The regular expression is the pattern that is defined by the constructor for the current Regex object. If count is negative, replacements continue to the end of the string. If count exceeds the number of matches, all matches are replaced.

The replacement parameter specifies the string that is to replace the first count matches in input. replacement can consist of any combination of literal text and substitutions. For example, the replacement pattern a*${test}b inserts the string "a*" followed by the substring that is matched by the test capturing group, if any, followed by the string "b". The * character is not recognized as a metacharacter within a replacement pattern.

NoteNote

Substitutions are the only regular expression language elements that are recognized in a replacement pattern. All other regular expression language elements, including character escapes, are allowed in regular expression patterns only and are not recognized in replacement patterns.

The RegexMatchTimeoutException exception is thrown if the execution time of the replacement operation exceeds the time-out interval specified by the Regex.Regex(String, RegexOptions, TimeSpan) constructor. If you do not set a time-out interval when you call the constructor, the exception is thrown if the operation exceeds any time-out value established for the application domain in which the Regex object is created. If no time-out is defined in the Regex constructor call or in the application domain's properties, or if the time-out value is Regex.InfiniteMatchTimeout, no exception is thrown

Because the method returns input unchanged if there is no match, you can use the Object.ReferenceEquals method to determine whether the method has made any replacements to the input string.

The following example replaces the first five occurrences of duplicated characters with a single character. The regular expression pattern (\w)\1 matches consecutive occurrences of a single character and assigns the first occurrence to the first capturing group. The replacement pattern $1 replaces the entire match with the first captured group.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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