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Sample: Create a Custom Activity

[Applies to: Microsoft Dynamics CRM 2011]

This sample code is for Microsoft Dynamics CRM 2011, and can be found in the following location in the SDK download:

SampleCode\CS\metadata\Entities\CreateCustomActivityEntity.cs

SampleCode\VB\metadata\Entities\CreateCustomActivityEntity.vb

Requirements

For more information about the requirements for running the sample code provided in this SDK, see Use the Sample and Helper Code.

Demonstrates

The following code example demonstrates how to create a custom activity using the CreateEntityRequest and CreateAttributeRequest messages.

Example


using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Description;

// These namespaces are found in the Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.dll assembly
// found in the SDK\bin folder.
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Client;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Query;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Metadata;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Messages;

// This namespace is found in Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Proxy.dll assembly
// found in the SDK\bin folder.
using Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Messages;


namespace Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Samples
{  
    /// <summary>
    /// This sample shows how to create a custom activity.
    /// </summary>
    public class CreateCustomActivityEntity
    {        
        #region Class Level Members
        /// <summary>
        /// Stores the organization service proxy.
        /// </summary>
        private OrganizationServiceProxy _serviceProxy;

        #endregion Class Level Members

        #region How To Sample Code
        /// <summary>
        /// Create the custom entity.
        /// Optionally delete the custom entity.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="serverConfig">Contains server connection information.</param>
        /// <param name="promptForDelete">When True, the user will be prompted to delete all
        /// created entities.</param>
        public void Run(ServerConnection.Configuration serverConfig, bool promptForDelete)
        {
            try
            {

                // Connect to the Organization service. 
                // The using statement assures that the service proxy will be properly disposed.
                using (_serviceProxy = ServerConnection.GetOrganizationProxy(serverConfig))
                {
                    // This statement is required to enable early-bound type support.
                    _serviceProxy.EnableProxyTypes();

                    // The custom prefix would typically be passed in as an argument or 
                    // determined by the publisher of the custom solution.
                    String prefix = "new_";

                    String customEntityName = prefix + "instantmessage";

                    // Create the custom activity entity.
                    CreateEntityRequest request = new CreateEntityRequest
                    {
                        HasNotes = true,
                        HasActivities = false,
                        PrimaryAttribute = new StringAttributeMetadata
                        {
                            SchemaName = "Subject",
                            RequiredLevel = new AttributeRequiredLevelManagedProperty(AttributeRequiredLevel.None),
                            MaxLength = 100,
                            DisplayName = new Label("Subject", 1033)
                        },
                        Entity = new EntityMetadata
                        {
                            IsActivity = true,
                            SchemaName = customEntityName,
                            DisplayName = new Label("Instant Message", 1033),
                            DisplayCollectionName = new Label("Instant Messages", 1033),
                            OwnershipType = OwnershipTypes.UserOwned,
                            IsAvailableOffline = true,

                        }
                    };

                    _serviceProxy.Execute(request);

                    //Entity must be published

                    // Add few attributes to the custom activity entity.
                    CreateAttributeRequest fontFamilyAttributeRequest =
                        new CreateAttributeRequest
                   {
                       EntityName = customEntityName,
                       Attribute = new StringAttributeMetadata
                       {
                           SchemaName = prefix + "fontfamily",
                           DisplayName = new Label("Font Family", 1033),
                           MaxLength = 100
                       }
                   };
                    CreateAttributeResponse fontFamilyAttributeResponse =
                        (CreateAttributeResponse)_serviceProxy.Execute(
                        fontFamilyAttributeRequest);

                    CreateAttributeRequest fontColorAttributeRequest =
                        new CreateAttributeRequest
                    {
                        EntityName = customEntityName,
                        Attribute = new StringAttributeMetadata
                        {
                            SchemaName = prefix + "fontcolor",
                            DisplayName = new Label("Font Color", 1033),
                            MaxLength = 50
                        }
                    };
                    CreateAttributeResponse fontColorAttributeResponse =
                        (CreateAttributeResponse)_serviceProxy.Execute(
                        fontColorAttributeRequest);

                    CreateAttributeRequest fontSizeAttributeRequest =
                        new CreateAttributeRequest
                    {
                        EntityName = customEntityName,
                        Attribute = new IntegerAttributeMetadata
                        {
                            SchemaName = prefix + "fontSize",
                            DisplayName = new Label("Font Size", 1033)
                        }
                    };
                    CreateAttributeResponse fontSizeAttributeResponse =
                        (CreateAttributeResponse)_serviceProxy.Execute(
                        fontSizeAttributeRequest);

                    Console.WriteLine("The custom activity has been created.");

                    DeleteCustomEntity(prefix, promptForDelete);
                }
            }

            // Catch any service fault exceptions that Microsoft Dynamics CRM throws.
            catch (FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault>)
            {
                // You can handle an exception here or pass it back to the calling method.
                throw;
            }
        }
        
        /// <summary>
        /// Deletes the custom entity that was created for this sample.
        /// <param name="prompt">Indicates whether to prompt the user 
        /// to delete the entity created in this sample.</param>
        /// </summary>
        public void DeleteCustomEntity(String prefix, bool prompt)
        {
            bool deleteEntity = true;

            if (prompt)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("\nDo you want this custom entity deleted? (y/n)");
                char answer = Convert.ToChar(Console.ReadLine().Substring(0, 1));

                deleteEntity = (answer == 'y' || answer == 'Y');
            }

            if (deleteEntity)
            {
                DeleteEntityRequest request = new DeleteEntityRequest()
                {
                    LogicalName = prefix + "instantmessage",
                };
                _serviceProxy.Execute(request);

                Console.WriteLine("Entity has been deleted.");
            }
        }

        #endregion How To Sample Code

        #region Main
        /// <summary>
        /// Standard Main() method used by most SDK samples.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="args"></param>
        static public void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Obtain the target organization's Web address and client logon 
                // credentials from the user.
                ServerConnection serverConnect = new ServerConnection();
                ServerConnection.Configuration config = serverConnect.GetServerConfiguration();

                CreateCustomActivityEntity app = new CreateCustomActivityEntity();
                app.Run(config, true);
            }
            catch (FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault> ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", ex.Detail.Timestamp);
                Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", ex.Detail.ErrorCode);
                Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Detail.Message);
                Console.WriteLine("Plugin Trace: {0}", ex.Detail.TraceText);
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                    null == ex.Detail.InnerFault ? "No Inner Fault" : "Has Inner Fault");
            }
            catch (System.TimeoutException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Message);
                Console.WriteLine("Stack Trace: {0}", ex.StackTrace);
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                    null == ex.InnerException.Message ? "No Inner Fault" : ex.InnerException.Message);
            }
            catch (System.Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);

                // Display the details of the inner exception.
                if (ex.InnerException != null)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.InnerException.Message);

                    FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault> fe = 
                        ex.InnerException
                        as FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault>;
                    if (fe != null)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", fe.Detail.Timestamp);
                        Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", fe.Detail.ErrorCode);
                        Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", fe.Detail.Message);
                        Console.WriteLine("Plugin Trace: {0}", fe.Detail.TraceText);
                        Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                            null == fe.Detail.InnerFault ? "No Inner Fault" : "Has Inner Fault");
                    }
                }
            }
            // Additional exceptions to catch: SecurityTokenValidationException, ExpiredSecurityTokenException,
            // SecurityAccessDeniedException, MessageSecurityException, and SecurityNegotiationException.

            finally
            {
                 
                Console.WriteLine("Press <Enter> to exit.");
                Console.ReadLine();
            }

        }
        #endregion Main

    }
}

See Also

Microsoft Dynamics CRM 2011
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