Export (0) Print
Expand All
Expand Minimize
This topic has not yet been rated - Rate this topic

OpenStreamOnFileW

Published: July 16, 2012

Allocates and initializes an OLE IStream object to access the contents of a file. This function takes UNICODE strings as arguments, unlike the ANSI version of this function OpenStreamOnFile, and thus allows for arbitrary characters in the file name including the path and file extension.

Exported by:

olmapi32.dll

Implemented by:

Outlook

Called by:

Client applications and service providers

HRESULT STDMETHODCALLTYPE OpenStreamOnFileW(
  LPALLOCATEBUFFER lpAllocateBuffer,
  LPFREEBUFFER lpFreeBuffer,
  ULONG ulFlags,
  LPWSTR lpszFileName,
  LPWSTR lpszPrefix,
  LPSTREAM FAR * lppStream
);
lpAllocateBuffer

[in] Pointer to the MAPIAllocateBuffer function, to be used to allocate memory.

lpFreeBuffer

[in] Pointer to the MAPIFreeBuffer function, to be used to free memory.

ulFlags

[in] Bitmask of flags used to control the creation or opening of the file to be accessed through the OLE IStream object. The following flags can be set:

SOF_UNIQUEFILENAME

A temporary file is to be created for the IStream object. If this flag is set, the STGM_CREATE and STGM_READWRITE flags should also be set.

STGM_CREATE

The file is to be created even if one already exists. If the lpszFileName parameter is not set, both this flag and STGM_DELETEONRELEASE must be set. If STGM_CREATE is set, the STGM_READWRITE flag must also be set.

STGM_DELETEONRELEASE

The file is to be deleted when the IStream object is released. If the lpszFileName parameter is not set, both this flag and STGM_CREATE must be set.

STGM_READ

The file is to be created or opened with read-only access.

STGM_READWRITE

The file is to be created or opened with read/write permission. If this flag is not set, the STGM_CREATE flag must not be set either.

lpszFileName

[in] The filename, including path and extension, of the Unicode named file for which OpenStreamOnFileW initializes the IStream object. If the SOF_UNIQUEFILENAME flag is set, lpszFileName contains the path to the directory in which to create a temporary file. If lpszFileName is NULL, OpenStreamOnFileW obtains an appropriate path from the system, and both the STGM_CREATE and STGM_DELETEONRELEASE flags must be set.

lpszPrefix

[in] The prefix for the Unicode filename on which OpenStreamOnFileW initializes the IStream object. If set, the prefix must contain not more than three characters. If lpszPrefix is NULL, a prefix of "SOF" is used.

lppStream

[out] Pointer to a pointer to an object exposing the IStream interface.

S_OK

The call succeeded and has returned the expected value or values.

MAPI_E_NO_ACCESS

The file could not be accessed due to insufficient user permissions or because read-only files cannot be modified.

MAPI_E_NOT_FOUND

The designated file does not exist.

The OpenStreamOnFileW function has two important uses in addition to handling a file with a Unicode name, distinguished by the setting of the SOF_UNIQUEFILENAME flag. When this flag is not set, OpenStreamOnFileW opens an IStream object on an existing file, for example to copy its contents to the PR_ATTACH_DATA_BIN (PidTagAttachDataBinary) property of an attachment using the IStream::CopyTo method. In this case the lpszFileName parameter specifies the path and filename of the file.

When SOF_UNIQUEFILENAME is set, OpenStreamOnFileW creates a temporary file to hold data for an IStream object. For this usage, the lpszFileName parameter can optionally designate the path to the directory where the file is to be created, and the lpszPrefix parameter can optionally specify a prefix for the filename.

When the calling client application or service provider is finished with the IStream object, it should free it by calling the OLE IStream::Release method.

MAPI uses the functions pointed to by lpAllocateBuffer and lpFreeBuffer for most memory allocation and deallocation, in particular to allocate memory for use by client applications when calling object interfaces such as IMAPIProp::GetProps and IMAPITable::QueryRows.

The SOF_UNIQUEFILENAME flag is used to create a temporary file with a name unique to the messaging system. If this flag is set, the lpszFileName parameter specifes the path for the temporary file, and the lpszPrefix parameter contains the prefix characters of the filename. The constructed filename is <prefix>HHHH.TMP, where HHHH is a hexadecimal number. If lpszFileName is NULL, the file will be created in the temporary file directory that is returned from the Windows function GetTempPath, or the current directory if no temporary file directory has been designated.

If the SOF_UNIQUEFILENAME flag is not set, lpszPrefix is ignored, and lpszFileName should contain the fully qualified path and filename of the file to be opened or created. The file will be opened or created based on the other flags that are set in ulFlags.

Did you find this helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.