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GetAttr Function

Last modified: December 06, 2011

Applies to: Office 2013 | VBA

Returns an Integer representing the attributes of a file, directory, or folder.

Syntax

GetAttr( pathname )

The required pathname argument is a string expression that specifies a file name. The pathname may include the directory or folder, and the drive.

Return Values

The value returned by GetAttr is the sum of the following attribute values:

Constant

Value

Description

vbNormal

0

Normal.

vbReadOnly

1

Read-only.

vbHidden

2

Hidden.

vbSystem

4

System file. Not available on the Macintosh.

vbDirectory

16

Directory or folder.

vbArchive

32

File has changed since last backup. Not available on the Macintosh.

vbAlias

64

Specified file name is an alias. Available only on the Macintosh.

Note Note

These constants are specified by Visual Basic for Applications. The names can be used anywhere in your code in place of the actual values.

Remarks

To determine which attributes are set, use the And operator to perform a bitwise comparison of the value returned by the GetAttr function and the value of the individual file attribute you want. If the result is not zero, that attribute is set for the named file. For example, the return value of the following And expression is zero if the Archive attribute is not set:

Result = GetAttr(FName) And vbArchive

A nonzero value is returned if the Archive attribute is set.

This example uses the GetAttr function to determine the attributes of a file and directory or folder. On the Macintosh, only the constants vbNormal, vbReadOnly, vbHidden and vbAlias are available.

Dim MyAttr
' Assume file TESTFILE has hidden attribute set.
MyAttr = GetAttr("TESTFILE")    ' Returns 2.

' Returns nonzero if hidden attribute is set on TESTFILE.
Debug.Print MyAttr And vbHidden    

' Assume file TESTFILE has hidden and read-only attributes set.
MyAttr = GetAttr("TESTFILE")    ' Returns 3.

' Returns nonzero if hidden attribute is set on TESTFILE.
Debug.Print MyAttr And (vbHidden + vbReadOnly)    

' Assume MYDIR is a directory or folder.
MyAttr = GetAttr("MYDIR")    ' Returns 16.


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