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Working with Presentation Slides

This topic discusses the Open XML SDK 2.0 Slide class and how it relates to the Open XML File Format PresentationML schema. For more information about the overall structure of the parts and elements that make up a PresentationML document, see Structure of a PresentationML Document.

The ISO/IEC 29500 specification describes the Open XML PresentationML <sld> element used to represent a presentation slide in a PresentationML document as follows:

This element specifies a slide within a slide list. The slide list is used to specify an ordering of slides.

[Example: Consider the following custom show with an ordering of slides.

<p:custShowLst>
    <p:custShow name="Custom Show 1" id="0">
        <p:sldLst>
            <p:sld r:id="rId4"/>
            <p:sld r:id="rId3"/>
            <p:sld r:id="rId2"/>
            <p:sld r:id="rId5"/>
        </p:sldLst>
    </p:custShow>
</p:custShowLst>

In the above example the order specified to present the slides is slide 4, then 3, 2, and finally 5.

end example]"

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

The <sld> element is the root element of the PresentationML Slide part. For more information about the overall structure of the parts and elements that make up a PresentationML document, see Structure of a PresentationML Document.

The following table lists the child elements of the <sld> element used when working with presentation slides and the Open XML SDK 2.0 classes that correspond to them.

PresentationML Element

Open XML SDK 2.0 Class

<clrMapOvr>

ColorMapOverride

<cSld>

CommonSlideData

<extLst>

ExtensionListWithModification

<timing>

Timing

<transition>

Transition

The Open XML SDK 2.0 Slide class represents the <sld> element defined in the Open XML File Format schema for PresentationML documents. Use the Slide object to manipulate individual <sld> elements in a PresentationML document.

Classes commonly associated with the Slide class are shown in the following sections.

ColorMapOverride Class

The ColorMapOverride class corresponds to the <clrMapOvr> element. The following information from the ISO/IEC 29500 specification introduces the <clrMapOvr> element:

This element provides a mechanism with which to override the color schemes listed within the <ClrMap> element. If the <masterClrMapping> child element is present, the color scheme defined by the master is used. If the <overrideClrMapping> child element is present, it defines a new color scheme specific to the parent notes slide, presentation slide, or slide layout.

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

CommonSlideData Class

The CommonSlideData class corresponds to the <cSld> element. The following information from the ISO/IEC 29500 specification introduces the <cSld> element:

This element specifies a container for the type of slide information that is relevant to all of the slide types. All slides share a common set of properties that is independent of the slide type; the description of these properties for any particular slide is stored within the slide's <cSld> container. Slide data specific to the slide type indicated by the parent element is stored elsewhere.

The actual data in <cSld> describe only the particular parent slide; it is only the type of information stored that is common across all slides.

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

ExtensionListWithModification Class

The ExtensionListWithModification class corresponds to the <extLst>element. The following information from the ISO/IEC 29500 specification introduces the <extLst> element:

This element specifies the extension list with modification ability within which all future extensions of element type <ext> are defined. The extension list along with corresponding future extensions is used to extend the storage capabilities of the PresentationML framework. This allows for various new kinds of data to be stored natively within the framework.

[Note: Using this extLst element allows the generating application to store whether this extension property has been modified. end note]

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

Timing Class

The Timing class corresponds to the <timing> element. The following information from the ISO/IEC 29500 specification introduces the <timing> element:

This element specifies the timing information for handling all animations and timed events within the corresponding slide. This information is tracked via time nodes within the <timing> element. More information on the specifics of these time nodes and how they are to be defined can be found within the Animation section of the PresentationML framework.

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

Transition Class

The Transition class corresponds to the <transition> element. The following information from the ISO/IEC 29500 specification introduces the <transition> element:

This element specifies the kind of slide transition that should be used to transition to the current slide from the previous slide. That is, the transition information is stored on the slide that appears after the transition is complete.

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

As shown in the Open XML SDK code example that follows, every instance of the Slide class is associated with an instance of the SlidePart class, which represents a slide part, one of the required parts of a PresentationML presentation file package. Each instance of the Slide class must also be associated with instances of the SlideLayout and SlideMaster classes, which are in turn associated with similarly named required presentation parts, represented by the SlideLayoutPart and SlideMasterPart classes.

The Slide class, which represents the <sld> element, is therefore also associated with a series of other classes that represent the child elements of the <sld> element. Among these classes, as shown in the following code example, are the CommonSlideData class, the ColorMapOverride class, the ShapeTree class, and the Shape class.

The following method from the article How to: Create a Presentation Document by Providing a Filename adds a new slide part to an existing presentation and creates an instance of the Open XML SDK 2.0 Slide class in the new slide part. The Slide class constructor creates instances of the CommonSlideData and ColorMapOverride classes. The CommonSlideData class constructor creates an instance of the ShapeTree class, whose constructor, in turn, creates additional class instances: an instance of the NonVisualGroupShapeProperties class, the GroupShapeProperties class, and the Shape class.

All of these class instances and instances of the classes that represent the child elements of the <sld> element are required to create the minimum number of XML elements necessary to represent a new slide.

The namespace represented by the letter P in the code is the DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Presentation namespace.

private static SlidePart CreateSlidePart(PresentationPart presentationPart)        
        {
            SlidePart slidePart1 = presentationPart.AddNewPart<SlidePart>("rId2");
                slidePart1.Slide = new Slide(
                        new CommonSlideData(
                            new ShapeTree(
                                new P.NonVisualGroupShapeProperties(
                                    new P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() { Id = (UInt32Value)1U, Name = "" },
                                    new P.NonVisualGroupShapeDrawingProperties(),
                                    new ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties()),
                                new GroupShapeProperties(new TransformGroup()),
                                new P.Shape(
                                    new P.NonVisualShapeProperties(
                                        new P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() { Id = (UInt32Value)2U, Name = "Title 1" },
                                        new P.NonVisualShapeDrawingProperties(new ShapeLocks() { NoGrouping = true }),
                                        new ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties(new PlaceholderShape())),
                                    new P.ShapeProperties(),
                                    new P.TextBody(
                                        new BodyProperties(),
                                        new ListStyle(),
                                        new Paragraph(new EndParagraphRunProperties() { Language = "en-US" }))))),
                        new ColorMapOverride(new MasterColorMapping()));
                return slidePart1;
         }

Private Shared Function CreateSlidePart(ByVal presentationPart As PresentationPart) As SlidePart
            Dim slidePart1 As SlidePart = presentationPart.AddNewPart(Of SlidePart)("rId2")
            slidePart1.Slide = New Slide(New CommonSlideData(New ShapeTree(New P.NonVisualGroupShapeProperties(New P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() With { _
             .Id = CType(1UI, UInt32Value), _
              .Name = "" _
            }, New P.NonVisualGroupShapeDrawingProperties(), New ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties()), New GroupShapeProperties(New TransformGroup()), _
               New P.Shape(New P.NonVisualShapeProperties(New P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() With { _
              .Id = CType(2UI, UInt32Value), _
              .Name = "Title 1" _
            }, New P.NonVisualShapeDrawingProperties(New ShapeLocks() With { _
              .NoGrouping = True _
            }), New ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties(New PlaceholderShape())), New P.ShapeProperties(), New P.TextBody(New BodyProperties(), _
               New ListStyle(), New Paragraph(New EndParagraphRunProperties() With { _
              .Language = "en-US" _
            }))))), New ColorMapOverride(New MasterColorMapping()))
            Return slidePart1
        End Function

To add another shape to the shape tree and, hence, to the slide, instantiate a second Shape object by passing an additional parameter that contains the following code to the ShapeTree constructor.

new P.Shape(
          new P.NonVisualShapeProperties(
              new P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() { Id = (UInt32Value)2U, Name = "Title 1" },
              new P.NonVisualShapeDrawingProperties(new ShapeLocks() { NoGrouping = true }),
              new ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties(new PlaceholderShape())),
          new P.ShapeProperties(),
          new P.TextBody(
              new BodyProperties(),
              new ListStyle(),
              new Paragraph(new EndParagraphRunProperties() { Language = "en-US" })))

New P.Shape(New P.NonVisualShapeProperties(New P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() With { _
              .Id = CType(2UI, UInt32Value), _
              .Name = "Title 1" _
            }, New P.NonVisualShapeDrawingProperties(New ShapeLocks() With { _
              .NoGrouping = True _
            }), New ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties(New PlaceholderShape())), New P.ShapeProperties(), New P.TextBody(New BodyProperties(), _
               New ListStyle(), New Paragraph(New EndParagraphRunProperties() With { _
              .Language = "en-US" })))

When the Open XML SDK 2.0 code in the method is run, the following XML code is written to the PresentationML document file referenced in the code.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?> 
<p:sld xmlns:p="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/presentationml/2006/main">
  <p:cSld>
    <p:spTree>
      <p:nvGrpSpPr>
        <p:cNvPr id="1" name="" /> 
        <p:cNvGrpSpPr /> 
        <p:nvPr /> 
      </p:nvGrpSpPr>
        <p:grpSpPr>
          <a:xfrm xmlns:a="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/drawingml/2006/main" /> 
        </p:grpSpPr>
        <p:sp>
          <p:nvSpPr>
          <p:cNvPr id="2" name="Title 1" /> 
          <p:cNvSpPr>
            <a:spLocks noGrp="1" xmlns:a="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/drawingml/2006/main" /> 
          </p:cNvSpPr>
            <p:nvPr>
              <p:ph /> 
            </p:nvPr>
            </p:nvSpPr>
            <p:spPr /> 
            <p:txBody>
             <a:bodyPr xmlns:a="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/drawingml/2006/main" /> 
         <a:lstStyle xmlns:a="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/drawingml/2006/main" /> 
             <a:p xmlns:a="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/drawingml/2006/main">
               <a:endParaRPr lang="en-US" /> 
      </a:p>
            </p:txBody>
         </p:sp>
       </p:spTree>
    </p:cSld>
    <p:clrMapOvr>
      <a:masterClrMapping xmlns:a="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/drawingml/2006/main" /> 
    </p:clrMapOvr>
</p:sld>

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