Export (0) Print
Expand All

Performance Counters for ASP.NET 

ASP.NET supports two groups of performance counters: system and application. System performance counters are exposed in the Windows Performance monitor as the ASP.NET performance counter object. Application performance counters are exposed as the ASP.NET Applications performance object.

NoteNote

The value associated with each performance counter is updated every 400 milliseconds. When creating a monitoring application, be sure to take this time lapse into account so that your code does not use an obsolete counter value. For more information, see Using System Monitoring Components.

For additional information on system and application performance counters, see How to: Create Performance Counter Categories, Category and Counter Management and How to: Create Custom Performance Counters.

When monitoring the performance of your ASP.NET Web applications, you can track the performance counters listed in the following table.

Performance object Performance counter

ASP.NET

Application Restarts

ASP.NET

Requests Queued

ASP.NET

Worker Process Restarts

ASP.NET Applications

Errors Total

ASP.NET Applications

Requests/Sec

Processor

% CPU Utilization

NoteNote

Low CPU utilization or the inability to maximize CPU utilization regardless of client load can signify contention for a lock or a resource in your Web application.

In addition, the following performance counters can be valuable in determining problems with your Web applications' performance.

Performance object Performance counter

ASP.NET Applications

Pipeline Instance Count

.NET CLR Exceptions

# of Exceps Thrown

System

Context Switches/sec

The # of Exceps Thrown counter displays the number of exceptions thrown in an application, because these can have performance implications. However, some code paths rely on exceptions for proper functioning. For example, the Redirect method on the Response object throws the ThreadAbortException exception, which cannot be caught. Therefore, it can be useful to track this value along with the Errors Total counter to see if the exception generated an error on the application.

The Context Switches/sec counter measures the rate at which thread contexts are switched by all CPUs in the Web server computer. A high number for this counter usually indicates either high contention in locks or many switches by the thread between user and kernel modes. If you experience this, you should investigate further with sampling profilers and other tools.

ASP.NET System Performance Counters

ASP.NET supports the ASP.NET system performance counters listed in the following table. These counters aggregate information from all ASP.NET applications on a Web server computer.

NoteNote

There is a significant difference between the State Server Sessions counters found in the ASP.NET performance object, which apply only to the server computer on which the state server is running, and the Sessions counters found in the ASP.NET Applications performance object, which apply only to user sessions that occur in-process.

Application Restarts

The number of times that an application has been restarted during the Web server's lifetime. Application restarts are incremented each time an Application_OnEnd event is raised. An application restart can occur because of changes to the Web.config file, changes to assemblies stored in the application's Bin directory, or when an application must be recompiled due to numerous changes in ASP.NET Web pages. Unexpected increases in this counter can mean that problems are causing your Web application to recycle. In such circumstances you should investigate as soon as possible.

NoteNote

This value is reset to zero every time the Internet Information Services (IIS) host is restarted.

Application Running

The number of applications running concurrently on the server computer.

Requests Disconnected

The number of requests that have been disconnected due to a communication failure.

Requests Queued

The number of requests waiting for service from the queue. When this number starts to increment linearly with increased client load, the Web server computer has reached the limit of concurrent requests that it can process. The default maximum for this counter is 5,000. You can change this setting in the Machine.config file.

Requests Rejected

The total number of requests not executed because of insufficient server resources to process them. This counter represents the number of requests that return a 503 HTTP status code, indicating that the server is too busy.

Request Wait Time

The number of milliseconds that the most recent request waited in the queue for processing.

Session State Server Connections Total

The total number of session-state connections made to the computer on which out-of-process session-state data is stored. For more information, see Session-State Modes.

Session SQL Server Connections Total

The total number of session-state connections made to the Microsoft SQL Server database in which session-state data is stored. For more information, see Session-State Modes.

State Server Sessions Abandoned

The number of user sessions that have been explicitly abandoned. These are sessions that are ended by specific user actions, such as closing the browser or navigating to another site. This counter is available only on the computer where the state server service (aspnet_state) is running.

State Server Sessions Active

The number of currently active user sessions. This counter is available only on the computer where the state server service (aspnet_state) is running.

State Server Sessions Timed Out

The number of user sessions that have become inactive through user inaction. This counter is available only on the computer where the state server service (aspnet_state) is running.

State Server Sessions Total

The number of sessions created during the lifetime of the process. This counter is the total value of State Server Sessions Active, State Server Sessions Abandoned, and State Server Sessions Timed Out. This counter is available only on the computer where the state server service (aspnet_state) is running.

Worker Process Restarts

The number of times a worker process has been restarted on the server computer. A worker process can be restarted if it fails unexpectedly or when it is intentionally recycled. If this counter increases unexpectedly, you should investigate as soon as possible.

Worker Process Running

The number of worker processes running on the server computer.

ASP.NET Application Performance Counters

ASP.NET supports the application performance counters listed in the following table. These counters enable you to monitor the performance of a single instance of an ASP.NET application. A unique instance named __Total__ is available for these counters. This instance aggregates counters for all applications on a Web server (similar to the global counters described earlier in this topic). The __Total__ instance is always available. The counters will display zero when no applications are currently executing on the server.

Anonymous Requests

The number of requests that are using anonymous authentication.

Anonymous Requests/Sec

The number of requests per second that are using anonymous authentication.

Cache Total Entries

The total number of entries in the cache. This counter includes both use of the cache by the ASP.NET page framework and use of the application cache through cache APIs.

Cache Total Hits

The total number of hits from the cache. This counter includes both use of the cache by the ASP.NET page framework and use of the application cache through cache APIs.

Cache Total Misses

The number of failed cache requests per application. This counter includes both use of the cache by the ASP.NET page framework and use of the application cache through cache APIs.

Cache Total Hit Ratio

The ratio of hits to misses for the cache. This counter includes both use of the cache by the ASP.NET page framework NET and use of the application cache through cache APIs.

Cache Total Turnover Rate

The number of additions and removals to the cache per second, which is useful in helping to determine how effectively the cache is being used. If the turnover rate is high, the cache is not being used efficiently.

Cache API Entries

The total number of entries in the application cache.

Cache API Hits

The total number of hits from the cache when it is accessed only through the external cache APIs. This counter does not track use of the cache by the ASP.NET page framework.

Cache API Misses

The total number of failed requests to the cache when accessed through the external cache APIs. This counter does not track use of the cache by the ASP.NET page framework.

Cache API Hit Ratio

The cache hit-to-miss ratio when accessed through the external cache APIs. This counter does not track use of the cache by the ASP.NET page framework.

Cache API Turnover Rate

The number of additions and removals to the cache per second when used through the external APIs (excluding use by the ASP.NET page framework). It is useful in helping determine how effectively the cache is being used. If the turnover rate is high, then the cache is not being used effectively.

Compilations Total

The total number of compilations that have taken place during the lifetime of the current Web server process. Compilation occurs when a file with an .aspx, .asmx, .ascx, or .ashx file name extension, or a code-behind source file, is dynamically compiled on the server.

This number will initially climb to a peak value as requests are made to all parts of an application. Once compilation occurs, however, the resulting compiled output is saved to disk, where it is reused until its source file changes. This means that even in the event of a process restart the counter can remain at zero (inactive) until the application is modified or redeployed.

Debugging Requests

The number of requests that occur while debugging is enabled.

Errors During Preprocessing

The number of errors that occurred during parsing, excluding compilation and run-time errors.

Errors During Compilation

The number of errors that occur during dynamic compilation, excluding parser and run-time errors.

Errors During Execution

The total number of errors that occur during the execution of an HTTP request, excluding parser and compilation errors.

Errors Unhandled During Execution

The total number of unhandled errors that occur during the execution of HTTP requests. An unhandled error is any run-time exception that is not trapped in user code and enters the ASP.NET internal error-handling logic. Exceptions to this rule occur when:

  • Custom errors are enabled, an error page is defined, or both.

  • The Page_Error event is defined in user code and either the error is cleared (using the ClearError method) or a redirect is performed.

Errors Unhandled During Execution/Sec

The number of unhandled exceptions per second that occur during the execution of HTTP requests.

Errors Total

The total number of errors that occur during the execution of HTTP requests, including any parser, compilation, or run-time errors. This counter is the sum of the Errors During Compilation, Errors During Preprocessing, and Errors During Execution counters. A well-functioning Web server should not generate errors. If errors occur in your ASP.NET Web application, they may skew any throughput results because of very different code paths for error recovery. Investigate and fix any bugs in your application before performance testing.

Errors Total/Sec

The number of errors per second that occur during the execution of HTTP requests, including any parser, compilation, or run-time errors.

Output Cache Entries

The total number of entries in the output cache.

Output Cache Hits

The total number of requests serviced from the output cache.

Output Cache Misses

The number of failed output-cache requests per application.

Output Cache Hit Ratio

The percentage of total requests serviced from the output cache.

Output Cache Turnover Rate

The number of additions and removals to the output cache per second. If the turnover rate is high, the cache is not being used effectively.

Pipeline Instance Count

The number of active request pipeline instances for the specified ASP.NET application. Since only one execution thread can run within a pipeline instance, this number gives the maximum number of concurrent requests that are being processed for a given application. In most circumstances it is better for this number to be low when under load, which signifies that the CPU is well utilized.

Request Bytes In Total

The total size in bytes of all requests.

Request Bytes Out Total

The total size in bytes of responses sent to a client. This does not include HTTP response headers.

Requests Executing

The number of requests currently executing.

Requests Failed

The total number of failed requests. Any status codes greater than or equal to 400 will increment this counter.

Requests that cause a 401 status code increment this counter and the Requests Not Authorized counter. Requests that cause a 404 or 414 status code increment this counter and the Requests Not Found counter. Requests that cause a 500 status code increment this counter and the Requests Timed Out counter.

Requests Not Found

The number of requests that failed because resources were not found (status code 404 or 414).

Requests Not Authorized

The number of requests that failed due to no authorization (status code 401).

Requests Succeeded

The number of requests that executed successfully (status code 200).

Requests Timed Out

The number of requests that timed out (status code 500).

Requests Total

The total number of requests since the service was started.

Requests/Sec

The number of requests executed per second. This represents the current throughput of the application. Under constant load, this number should remain within a certain range, barring other server work (such as garbage collection, cache cleanup thread, external server tools, and so on).

Sessions Active

The number of sessions currently active. This counter is supported only with in-memory session state.

Sessions Abandoned

The number of sessions that have been explicitly abandoned. This counter is supported only with in-memory session state.

Sessions Timed Out

The number of sessions that timed out. This counter is supported only with in-memory session state.

Sessions Total

The total number of sessions. This counter is supported only with in-memory session state.

Transactions Aborted

The number of transactions canceled for all active ASP.NET applications.

Transactions Committed

The number of transactions committed for all active ASP.NET applications.

Transactions Pending

The number of transactions in progress for all active ASP.NET applications.

Transactions Total

The total number of transactions for all active ASP.NET applications.

Transactions/Sec

The number of transactions started per second for all active ASP.NET applications.

See Also

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft