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ROW_NUMBER (Transact-SQL)

Windows Server 2003

Updated: 17 July 2006

Returns the sequential number of a row within a partition of a result set, starting at 1 for the first row in each partition.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions


ROW_NUMBER ( )     OVER ( [ <partition_by_clause> ] <order_by_clause> )

<partition_by_clause>

Divides the result set produced by the FROM clause into partitions to which the ROW_NUMBER function is applied. For the syntax of PARTITION BY, see OVER Clause (Transact-SQL).

<order_by_clause>

Determines the order in which the ROW_NUMBER value is assigned to the rows in a partition. For more information, see ORDER BY Clause (Transact-SQL). An integer cannot represent a column when the <order_by_clause> is used in a ranking function.

bigint

The ORDER BY clause determines the sequence in which the rows are assigned their unique ROW_NUMBER within a specified partition.

Dd820552.note(en-us,MSDN.10).gifNote:
The ORDER BY in the OVER clause orders ROW_NUMBER. If you add an ORDER BY clause to the SELECT statement that orders by a column(s) other than 'Row Number' the result set will be ordered by the outer ORDER BY.

The following example returns the ROW_NUMBER for the salespeople in AdventureWorks based on the year-to-date sales.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
SELECT c.FirstName, c.LastName
    ,ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY SalesYTD DESC) AS 'Row Number'
    ,s.SalesYTD, a.PostalCode
FROM Sales.SalesPerson s 
    INNER JOIN Person.Contact c 
        ON s.SalesPersonID = c.ContactID
    INNER JOIN Person.Address a 
        ON a.AddressID = c.ContactID
WHERE TerritoryID IS NOT NULL 
    AND SalesYTD <> 0;

The following example returns rows with numbers 50 to 60 inclusive in the order of the OrderDate.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
WITH OrderedOrders AS
(
    SELECT SalesOrderID, OrderDate,
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY OrderDate) AS 'RowNumber'
    FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader 
) 
SELECT * 
FROM OrderedOrders 
WHERE RowNumber BETWEEN 50 AND 60;

The following example shows using the PARTITION BY argument.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
SELECT c.FirstName, c.LastName
    ,ROW_NUMBER() OVER 
    (PARTITION BY PostalCode ORDER BY SalesYTD DESC) AS 'Row Number'
    ,s.SalesYTD, a.PostalCode
FROM Sales.SalesPerson s 
    INNER JOIN Person.Contact c 
        ON s.SalesPersonID = c.ContactID
    INNER JOIN Person.Address a 
        ON a.AddressID = c.ContactID
WHERE TerritoryID IS NOT NULL 
    AND SalesYTD <> 0;

Change History

Release History

17 July 2006

New content:
  • Added example for PARTITION BY argument.

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