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SqlErrorLogEvent Class

Provides properties for viewing events in a specified SQL Server log file. 

class SQLErrorLogEvent 
{
   stringFileName;
   stringInstanceName;
   datetimeLogDate;
   stringMessage;
   stringProcessInfo;
};

The SQLErrorLogEvent class defines the following properties.

FileName

Data type: string

Access type: Read-only

 

The name of the error log file.

InstanceName

Data type: string

Access type: Read-only

Qualifiers: Key

The name of the instance of SQL Server where the log file resides.

LogDate

Data type: datetime

Access type: Read-only

Qualifiers: Key

 

The date and time that the event was recorded in the log file.

Message

Data type: string

Access type: Read-only

 

The event message.

ProcessInfo

Data type: string

Access type: Read-only

 

Information about the source server process ID (SPID) for the event.

MOF

Sqlmgmproviderxpsp2up.mof

DLL

Sqlmgmprovider.dll

Namespace

\root\Microsoft\SqlServer\ComputerManagement10

The following example shows how to retrieve values for all logged events in a specified log file. To run the example, replace <Instance_Name> with the name of the instance of SQL Server, such as 'Instance1', and replace 'File_Name' with the name of the error log file, such as 'ERRORLOG.1'.

on error resume next
strComputer = "."
Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:" _
    & "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
    & strComputer & "\root\MICROSOFT\SqlServer\ComputerManagement10")
set logEvents = objWmiService.ExecQuery("SELECT * FROM SqlErrorLogEvent WHERE InstanceName = '<Instance_Name>' AND FileName = 'File_Name'")
 
For Each logEvent in logEvents
WScript.Echo "Instance Name: " & logEvent.InstanceName & vbNewLine _
    & "Log Date: " & logEvent.LogDate & vbNewLine _
    & "Log File Name: " & logEvent.FileName & vbNewLine _
    & "Process Info: " & logEvent.ProcessInfo & vbNewLine _
    & "Message: " & logEvent.Message & vbNewLine _

Next

When InstanceName or FileName are not provided in the WQL statement, the query will return information for the default instance and the current SQL Server log file. For example, the following WQL statement will return all log events from the current log file (ERRORLOG) on the default instance (MSSQLSERVER).

"SELECT * FROM SqlErrorLogEvent"

To connect to a SQL Server log file through WMI, you must have the following permissions on both the local and remote computers:

  • Read access to the Root\Microsoft\SqlServer\ComputerManagement10 WMI namespace. By default, everyone has read access through the Enable Account permission.

  • Read permission to the folder that contains the error logs. By default the error logs are located in the following path (where <Drive> represents the drive where you installed SQL Server and <InstanceName> is the name of the instance of SQL Server):

    <Drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL12 .<InstanceName>\MSSQL\Log

If you are connecting through a firewall, ensure that an exception is set in the firewall for WMI on remote target computers. For more information, see Connecting to WMI Remotely Starting with Windows Vista.

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