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tcm: Running Tests from a Test Plan Using the Command Line Utility

You can run automated tests that are part of a test plan from the command line. This lets you start a test run using a batch file so that you can schedule a run. You can also manage the test runs from the command line. If you want to export a test run so that a developer can view the test results using Visual Studio, you can use tcm to accomplish this. You can also publish test run results from a Visual Studio test run file (.trx) using tcm. You can specify which results from this test run file that you want to publish back to your test plan. You can use the following tcm commands to accomplish these tasks:

  • tcm run /create

  • tcm run /list

  • tcm run /execute

  • tcm run /abort

  • tcm run /delete

  • tcm run /export

  • tcm run /publish

tcm.exe is located in <Drive:>\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\Common7\IDE on any computer that has Visual Studio Ultimate, Visual Studio Premium, or Visual Studio Test Professional installed.

For more information about how to import automated tests into your test project and set up your test plan to run these tests, see Create Test Cases from an Assembly of Automated Tests and Run automated tests from the command line using tcm.

tcm run /create /title:title /planid: id /collection:CollectionURL /teamproject:project (suiteid:id /configid:configid | /querytext: query) [/settingsname:name] [/owner:owner] [/builddir:directory]  [/testenvironment:name] [/login:username,[password]] [/include]
tcm run /execute /id:id /collection:CollectionURL /teamproject:project [/login:username,[password]]
tcm run /list [/planid:id | /querytext: query] /collection:CollectionURL /teamproject:project [/login:username,[password]]
tcm run /abort /id:id /collection:CollectionURL /teamproject:project [/login:username,[password]]
tcm run /delete /id:id /collection:CollectionURL /teamproject:project [/login:username,[password]] [/noprompt]
tcm run /export /id:id /resultsfile:path /collection:CollectionURL /teamproject:project [/login:username,[password]] [/attachment:attachmentname]
tcm run /publish /suiteid:id /configid:id /resultowner:owner /resultsfile:path /collection:CollectionURL /teamproject:project    [/title: runtitle] [/runowner:owner] [/build:buildnumber /builddefinition:builddefinition] [/flavor:flavor [/platform:platform]  [/assignfailurestouser:user] [/login:username,[password]] [/buildverification]

Parameter

Description

/collection:CollectionURL

Specifies the URI of the team project collection. The format for the URI is as follows: http://ServerName:Port/VirtualDirectoryName/CollectionName

If no virtual directory is used, then the format for the URI is as follows:

http://ServerName:Port/CollectionName

/teamproject:project

The name of the team project that contains the test plan that you want to import your automated tests into.

/title: title

Specifies the title that you want to use for the run that you create or if you publish a test run file.

/planid:id

Specifies the plan that contains the tests that you want to run or the plan that is associated with the test runs that you want to list.

/suiteid:id

Specifies the test suites that you want to run.

It can also specify the test suite to use when you publish a test run.

Note Note

To find the suite id, you can list the test suites for a test plan. For more information, see tcm: Listing test plans, test suites, test configurations, and environments.

Tip Tip

To run more than one test suite, you can use the /querytext parameter.

/configid:configid

Specifies which test configuration you want to run for your test suites.

It can also specify the test configuration to use when you publish a test run.

Tip Tip

To run more than one test configuration, you can use the /querytext parameter.

/querytext:query

Specifies the query to use to return the test runs or the query to use to select the tests that you want to run.

Tip Tip

You can use the /querytest parameter to run more than one test suite. For example:

querytext:“SELECT * FROM TestPoint WHERE (ConfigurationId=20 OR ConfigurationId=21) AND (Suiteid=1185 OR Suiteid=1186)”

/settingsname:name

Optional. Specifies the test settings that you want to use for this test run. If you do not select test settings with this parameter, the default test settings for automated tests in the test plan is used.

/owner:owner

Optional. Specifies the owner of the test run.

/runowner:owner

Optional. Specifies the owner of the test run.

/builddir:directory

Optional. Specifies the build directory to use to locate the test assemblies for the automated test. If this is not specified the build location is used based on the build that is currently assigned to the test plan.

/testenvironment:name

Optional. Specifies the test environment that you want to use for this test run. If you do not select a test environment with this parameter, the default test environment for automated tests in the test plan is used.

/id:id

Specifies the run id that you want to delete, abort or export.

/resultsfile:path

Specifies the location to use to export a test run or to find the test run to publish it. For example, "c:\temp\ResultsForDeveloper.trx".

/attachment:attachmentname

Specifies the name of the attachment for a test run that you export.

/resultowner:owner

Specifies the owner for the test results.

/build:buildnumber

Optional. Specifies the build number to use to publish a test run. This parameter must be used with /builddefinition.

/builddefinition:builddefinition

Optional. Specifies the build definition to use to publish a test run. This parameter must be used with /build.

/flavor:flavor

Optional. Specifies the build flavor. For example, Release. This parameter can only be used if the /build parameter is used.

/platform:platform

Optional. Specifies the build platform. For example, x86. This parameter can only be used if the /build parameter is used.

/assignfailurestouser:user

Optional. Specifies to whom to assign any failed tests in the test run.

/buildverification

Optional. Specifies that this test run contains build verification tests that check the basic functionality of your build.

/include

Optional. Specifies that all tests that are selected for the test run are included, even if the tests are not currently set to the Active state.

/noprompt

Optional. Specifies that the user is not prompted to confirm deletion of a test run.

/login:username,[password]

Optional. Specifies the name and password of a user who is logged on to the application-tier server for Team Foundation Server and who has permissions to run the command. You would use this option if your Windows credentials do not have the appropriate permissions, or you are using basic authentication, or you are not connected to a domain.

You can add parameters for /collection and /teamproject to the tcm.exe.config XML file which is located in the same directory as tcm.exe: <Drive:>\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\Common7\IDE. If you add these to the file, you do not have to enter them on the command line each time you run a tcm command. You can add these keys and their values to the file, as follows, in the appSettings section:

    <appSettings>
         <add key="TeamFoundationServer" value="http://<ServerName:Port/VirtualDirectoryName/CollectionName>"/>
         <add key ="TeamProject" value="DinnerNow"/>
    </appSettings>

The following examples assume that you have started a Visual Studio command prompt.

To do this, choose Start, point to All Programs, point to Microsoft Visual Studio 2012, point to Visual Studio Tools, and then choose Developer Command Prompt.

The command prompt opens to the folder: <drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\VC

Change directory to the folder that contains the assembly built from your test project.

Important note Important

To run automated tests from the command line using tcm.exe, you must have your test cases associated with your automated tests. You must also set up your test plan correctly to use a build to locate the automated tests to run if you do not specify the build information on the command line. For more information about how to do this, see How to: Create Test Cases from an Assembly of Automated Tests Using tcm.exe.

To get the necessary ids for the following commands, you may have to use tcm to list the test artifacts and their ids. For more information about how to do this, see tcm: Listing test plans, test suites, test configurations, and environments and Run automated tests from the command line using tcm.

The following command runs tests using a test point query:

tcm run /create /title:"Nightly Run" /planid:1 /querytext:"SELECT * FROM TestPoint WHERE ConfigurationId=13" /settingsname:"<Name of your automated test settings>" /testenvironment:"<Name of a matching environment>" /collection:<CollectionURL> /teamproject:<Team Project name>

The following command runs tests using a specific test suite and configuration:

tcm run /create /title:"Nightly Run" /planid:1 /suiteid:5 /configid:13 /settingsname:"<Name of your automated test settings>" /testenvironment:"<Name of a matching environment>" /collection:<CollectionURL> /teamproject:<Team Project name>

The following command runs tests using a specific ID:

Tcm run /execute /id:1207 /collection:<CollectionURL> /teamproject:<Team Project name>

The following command lists the test runs for a specific test plan:

tcm run /list /planid:1 /collection:<CollectionURL> /teamproject:<Team Project name>

The following command deletes a specific test run:

tcm run /delete /id:1009 /collection:<CollectionURL> /teamproject:<Team Project name>

The following command exports a test run to a .trx file:

tcm run /export /id:1273 /resultsfile:"c:\temp\latest.trx" /collection:<CollectionURL> /teamproject:<Team Project name>

The following command publishes a test run for a specific test suite and test configuration and reassigns the owner. This updates the existing test points for the test cases in the test suite paired with this configuration to the results in the .trx file:

tcm run /publish /suiteid:5 /configid:13 /resultowner:"<Name of new owner>" /resultsfile:"c:\temp\latest.trx" /collection:<CollectionURL> /teamproject:<Team Project name>
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