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Monitor Availability Groups (Transact-SQL)

SQL Server 2012

For monitoring availability groups and replicas and the associated databases by using Transact-SQL, AlwaysOn Availability Groups provides a set of catalog and dynamic management views and server properties. Using Transact-SQL SELECT statements, you can use the views to monitor availability groups and their replicas and databases. The information returned for a given availability group depends on whether you are connected to the instance of SQL Server that is hosting the primary replica or a secondary replica.

Tip Tip

Many of these views can be joined using their ID columns to return information from multiple views in a single query.

In This Topic:

AlwaysOn Availability Groups catalog views require VIEW ANY DEFINITION permission on the server instance. AlwaysOn Availability Groups dynamic management views require VIEW SERVER STATE permission on the server.

To monitor the AlwaysOn Availability Groups feature on a server instance, use the following built-in function:

SERVERPROPERTY function

Returns server property information about whether AlwaysOn Availability Groups is enabled and, if so, whether it has started on the server instance.

Column names:  IsHadrEnabled, HadrManagerStatus

To monitor the Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) cluster that hosts a local server instance that is enabled for AlwaysOn Availability Groups, use the following views:

sys.dm_hadr_cluster

If the Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) node that hosts an instance of SQL Server with AlwaysOn Availability Groups enabled has WSFC quorum, sys.dm_hadr_cluster returns a row that exposes the cluster name and information about the quorum. If the WSFC node has no quorum, no rows are returned.

Column names:  cluster_name, quorum_type, quorum_type_desc, quorum_state, quorum_state_desc

sys.dm_hadr_cluster_members

If the WSFC node that hosts the local AlwaysOn-enabled instance of SQL Server has WSFC quorum, returns a row for each of the members that constitute the quorum and the state of each of them.

Column names:  member_name, member_type, member_type_desc, member_state, member_state_desc, number_of_quorum_votes

sys.dm_hadr_cluster_networks

Returns a row for every member that is participating in an availability group's subnet configuration. You can use this dynamic management view to validate the network virtual IP that is configured for each availability replica.

Column names:  member_name, network_subnet_ip, network_subnet_ipv4_mask, network_subnet_prefix_length, is_public, is_ipv4

Primary key:  member_name + network_subnet_IP + network_subnet_prefix_length

sys.dm_hadr_instance_node_map

For every instance of SQL Server that hosts an availability replica that is joined to its AlwaysOn availability group, returns the name of the Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) node that hosts the server instance. This dynamic management view has the following uses:

  • This dynamic management view is useful for detecting an availability group with multiple availability replicas that are hosted on the same WSFC node, which is an unsupported configuration that could occur after an FCI failover if the availability group is incorrectly configured.

  • When multiple SQL Server instances are hosted on the same WSFC node, the Resource DLL uses this dynamic management view to determine the instance of SQL Server to connect to.

Column names:  ag_resource_id, instance_name, node_name

sys.dm_hadr_name_id_map

Shows the mapping of AlwaysOn availability groups that the current instance of SQL Server has joined to three unique IDs: an availability group ID, a WSFC resource ID, and a WSFC Group ID. The purpose of this mapping is to handle the scenario in which the WSFC resource/group is renamed.

Column names:  ag_name, ag_id, ag_resource_id, ag_group_id

Note Note

Also see sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_cluster_nodes and sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_cluster_states in the Monitoring Availability Replicas section and sys.availability_databases_cluster and sys.dm_hadr_database_replica_cluster_states in the Monitoring Availability Databases section, later in this topic.

For information about WSFC clusters and AlwaysOn Availability Groups, see Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) with SQL Server and Failover Clustering and AlwaysOn Availability Groups (SQL Server).

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To monitor the availability groups for which the server instance hosts an availability replica, use the following views:

sys.availability_groups

Returns a row for each availability group for which the local instance of SQL Server hosts an availability replica. Each row contains a cached copy of the availability group metadata.

Column names:  group_id, name, resource_id, resource_group_id, failure_condition_level, health_check_timeout, automated_backup_preference, automated_backup_preference_desc

sys.availability_groups_cluster

Returns a row for each availability group in the WSFC cluster. Each row contains the availability group metadata from the Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) cluster.

Column names:  group_id, name, resource_id, resource_group_id, failure_condition_level, health_check_timeout, automated_backup_preference, automated_backup_preference_desc

sys.dm_hadr_availability_group_states

Returns a row for each availability group that possesses an availability replica on the local instance of SQL Server. Each row displays the states that define the health of a given availability group.

Column names:  group_id, primary_replica, primary_recovery_health, primary_recovery_health_desc, secondary_recovery_health, secondary_recovery_health_desc, synchronization_health, synchronization_health_desc

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To monitor availability replicas, use the following views and system function:

sys.availability_replicas

Returns a row for every availability replica in each availability group for which the local instance of SQL Server hosts an availability replica.

Column names:  replica_id, group_id, replica_metadata_id, replica_server_name, owner_sid, endpoint_url, availability_mode, availability_mode_desc, failover_mode, failover_mode_desc, session_timeout, primary_role_allow_connections, primary_role_allow_connections_desc, secondary_role_allow_connections, secondary_role_allow_connections_desc, create_date, modify_date, backup_priority, read_only_routing_url

sys.availability_read_only_routing_lists

Returns a row for the read only routing list of each availability replica in an AlwaysOn availability group in the WSFC failover cluster.

Column names:  replica_id, routing_priority, read_only_replica_id

sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_cluster_nodes

Returns a row for every availability replica (regardless of join state) of the AlwaysOn availability groups in the Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) cluster.

Column names:  group_name, replica_server_name, node_name

sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_cluster_states

Returns a row for each replica (regardless of join state) of all AlwaysOn availability groups (regardless of replica location) in the Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) cluster.

Column names:  replica_id, replica_server_name, group_id, join_state, join_state_desc

sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_states

Returns a row showing the state of each local availability replica and a row for each remote availability replica in the same availability group.

Column names:  replica_id, group_id, is_local, role, role_desc, operational_state, operational_state_desc, connected_state, connected_state_desc, recovery_health, recovery_health_desc, synchronization_health, synchronization_health_desc, last_connect_error_number, last_connect_error_description, and last_connect_error_timestamp

sys.fn_hadr_backup_is_preferred_replica

Determines whether the current replica is the preferred backup replica.

Note Note

For information about performance counters for availability replicas (the SQLServer:Availability Replica performance object), see SQL Server, Availability Replica.

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To monitor availability databases, use the following views:

sys.availability_databases_cluster

Contains one row for each database on the instance of SQL Server that are part of all AlwaysOn Availability Groups in the cluster, regardless of whether the local copy database has been joined to the availability group yet.

Note Note

When a database is added to an availability group, the primary database is automatically joined to the group. Secondary databases must be prepared on each secondary replica before they can be joined to the availability group.

Column names:  group_id, group_database_id, database_name

sys.databases

Contains one row per database in the instance of SQL Server. If a database belongs to an availability replica, the row for that database displays the GUID of the replica and the unique identifier of the database within its availability group.

AlwaysOn Availability Groups column names:  replica_id, group_database_id

sys.dm_hadr_auto_page_repair

Returns a row for every automatic page-repair attempt on any availability database on an availability replica that is hosted for any availability group by the server instance. This view contains rows for the latest automatic page-repair attempts on a given primary or secondary database, with a maximum of 100 rows per database. As soon as a database reaches the maximum, the row for its next automatic page-repair attempt replaces one of the existing entries.

Column names:  database_id, file_id, page_id, error_type, page_status, modification_time

sys.dm_hadr_database_replica_states

Returns a row for each database that is participating in any availability group for which the local instance of SQL Server is hosting an availability replica.

Column names:  database_id, group_id, replica_id, group_database_id, is_local, synchronization_state, synchronization_state_desc, is_commit_participant, synchronization_health, synchronization_health_desc, database_state, database_state_desc, is_suspended, suspend_reason, suspend_reason_desc, recovery_lsn, truncation_lsn, last_sent_lsn, last_sent_time, last_received_lsn, last_received_time, last_hardened_lsn, last_hardened_time, last_redone_lsn, last_redone_time, log_send_queue_size, log_send_rate, redo_queue_size, redo_rate, filestream_send_rate, end_of_log_lsn, last_commit_lsn, last_commit_time, low_water_mark_for_ghosts

sys.dm_hadr_database_replica_cluster_states

Returns a row containing information intended to provide you with insight into the health of the availability databases in each availability group on the Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) cluster. This dynamic management view is useful when planning or responding to a failover or for discovering which secondary replica in an availability group is holding up log truncation on a given primary database.

Column names:  replica_id, group_database_id, database_name, is_failover_ready, is_pending_secondary_suspend, is_database_joined, recovery_lsn, truncation_lsn

Note Note

The primary replica location is the authoritative source for an availability group.

Note Note

For information about the AlwaysOn Availability Groups performance counters for availability databases (the SQLServer:Database Replica performance object), see SQL Server, Database Replica. Also, to monitor transaction-log activity on availability databases, use the following counters of the SQLServer:Databases performance object: Log Flush Write Time (ms), Log Flushes/sec, Log Pool Cache Misses/sec, Log Pool Disk Reads/sec, and Log Pool Requests/sec. For more information, see SQL Server, Databases Object.

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To monitor the availability group listeners on subnets of the WSFC cluster, use the following views:

sys.availability_group_listener_ip_addresses

Returns a row for every conformant virtual IP address that is currently online for an availability group listener.

Column names:  listener_id, ip_address, ip_subnet_mask, is_dhcp, network_subnet_ip, network_subnet_prefix_length, network_subnet_ipv4_mask, state, state_desc

sys.availability_group_listeners

For a given availability group, returns either zero rows indicating that no network name is associated with the availability group, or returns a row for each availability-group listener configuration in the WSFC cluster.

Column names:  group_id, listener_id, dns_name, port, is_conformant, ip_configuration_string_from_cluster

sys.dm_tcp_listener_states

Returns a row containing dynamic-state information for each TCP listener.

Column names:  listener_id, ip_address, is_ipv4, port, type, type_desc, state, state_desc, start_time

Primary key:  listener_id

For information about availability group listeners, see Availability Group Listeners, Client Connectivity, and Application Failover (SQL Server).

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AlwaysOn Availability Groups monitoring tasks:

AlwaysOn Availability Groups monitoring reference (Transact-SQL):

AlwaysOn performance counters:

Policy-based management for AlwaysOn Availability Groups

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