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SQL Reserved Words

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The following list includes all words reserved by the Microsoft Access database engine for use in SQL statements. The words in the list that are not in all uppercase letters are also reserved by other applications. Consequently, the individual Help topics for these words provide general descriptions that do not focus on SQL usage.

Note Note

Words followed by an asterisk (*) are reserved but currently have no meaning in the context of a Microsoft® Access SQL statement (for example, Level and TableID). Words that are not underlined do not have linked explanations.

ABSOLUTE

ANY

ADD

ARE

ADMINDB

AS

ALL

ASC

Alphanumeric — See TEXT

ASSERTION

ALTER

AUTHORIZATION

ALTER TABLE

AUTOINCREMENT — See COUNTER

And

Avg

AS

BEGIN

COLLATION

Between

COLUMN

BINARY

COMMIT

BIT

COMP, COMPRESSION

BIT_LENGTH

CONNECT

BOOLEAN — See BIT

CONNECTION

BOTH

CONSTRAINT, CONSTRAINTS

BY

CONTAINER

BYTE

CONTAINS

CASCADE

CONVERT

CATALOG

Count

CHAR, CHARACTER — See TEXT

COUNTER

CHAR_LENGTH

CREATE

CHARACTER_LENGTH

CURRENCY

CHECK

CURRENT_DATE

CLOSE

CURRENT_TIME

CLUSTERED

CURRENT_TIMESTAMP

COALESCE

CURRENT_USER

COLLATE

CURSOR

DATABASE

DISALLOW

DATE — See DATETIME

DISCONNECT

DATETIME

DISTINCT

DAY

DISTINCTROW

DEC, DECIMAL

DOMAIN

DECLARE

DOUBLE

DELETE

DROP

DESC

Eqv

FOREIGN

EXCLUSIVECONNECT

FROM

EXEC, EXECUTE

FROM Clause

EXISTS

GENERAL — See LONGBINARY

EXTRACT

GRANT

FALSE

GROUP

FETCH

GUID

FIRST

HAVING

FLOAT, FLOAT8 — See DOUBLE

HOUR

FLOAT4 — See SINGLE

IDENTITY

INPUT

IEEEDOUBLE — See DOUBLE

INSENSITIVE

IEEESINGLE — See SINGLE

INSERT

IGNORE

INSERT INTO

IMAGE

INT, INTEGER, INTEGER4 — See LONG

Imp

INTEGER1 — See BYTE

In

INTEGER2 — See SHORT

IN

INTERVAL

INDEX

INTO

INDEXCREATEDB

Is

INNER

ISOLATION

JOIN

LONGTEXT

KEY

LOWER

LANGUAGE

MATCH

LAST

Max

LEFT

MEMO — See LONGTEXT

Level*

Min

Like

MINUTE

LOGICAL, LOGICAL1 — See BIT

Mod

LONG

MONEY — See CURRENCY

LONGBINARY

MONTH

LONGCHAR

NATIONAL

Outer*

NCHAR

OUTPUT

NONCLUSTERED

OWNERACCESS

Not

PAD

NTEXT

PARAMETERS

NULL

PARTIAL

NUMBER — See DOUBLE

PASSWORD

NUMERIC — See DECIMAL

PERCENT

NVARCHAR

PIVOT

OCTET_LENGTH

POSITION

OLEOBJECT — See LONGBINARY

PRECISION

ON

PREPARE

OPEN

PRIMARY

OPTION

PRIVILEGES

Or

PROC, PROCEDURE

ORDER

PUBLIC

REAL — See SINGLE

SMALLDATETIME

REFERENCES

SMALLINT — See SHORT

RESTRICT

SMALLMONEY

REVOKE

SOME

RIGHT

SPACE

ROLLBACK

SQL

SCHEMA

SQLCODE, SQLERROR, SQLSTATE

SECOND

StDev

SELECT

StDevP

SELECTSCHEMA

STRING — See TEXT

SELECTSECURITY

SUBSTRING

SET

Sum

SHORT

SYSNAME

SINGLE

SYSTEM_USER

SIZE

TABLE

UPDATEOWNER

TableID*

UPDATESECURITY

TEMPORARY

UPPER

TEXT

USAGE

TIME — See DATETIME

USER

TIMESTAMP

USING

TIMEZONE_HOUR

VALUE

TIMEZONE_MINUTE

VALUES

TINYINT

Var

TO

VARBINARY — See BINARY

TOP

VARCHAR — See TEXT

TRAILING

VarP

TRANSACTION

VARYING

TRANSFORM

VIEW

TRANSLATE

WHEN

TRANSLATION

WHENEVER

TRIM

WHERE

TRUE

WITH

UNION

WORK

UNIQUE

Xor

UNIQUEIDENTIFIER

YEAR

UNKNOWN

YESNO — See BIT

UPDATE

ZONE

UPDATEIDENTITY

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