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Workbooks.OpenText Method (Excel)

Loads and parses a text file as a new workbook with a single sheet that contains the parsed text-file data.

expression .OpenText(Filename, Origin, StartRow, DataType, TextQualifier, ConsecutiveDelimiter, Tab, Semicolon, Comma, Space, Other, OtherChar, FieldInfo, TextVisualLayout, DecimalSeparator, ThousandsSeparator, TrailingMinusNumbers, Local)

expression A variable that represents a Workbooks object.

Parameters

Name

Required/Optional

Data Type

Description

Filename

Required

String

Specifies the file name of the text file to be opened and parsed.

Origin

Optional

Variant

Specifies the origin of the text file. Can be one of the following XlPlatform constants: xlMacintosh, xlWindows, or xlMSDOS. Additionally, this could be an integer representing the code page number of the desired code page. For example, "1256" would specify that the encoding of the source text file is Arabic (Windows). If this argument is omitted, the method uses the current setting of the File Origin option in the Text Import Wizard.

StartRow

Optional

Variant

The row number at which to start parsing text. The default value is 1.

DataType

Optional

Variant

Specifies the column format of the data in the file. Can be one of the following XlTextParsingType constants: xlDelimited or xlFixedWidth. If this argument is not specified, Microsoft Excel attempts to determine the column format when it opens the file.

TextQualifier

Optional

XlTextQualifier

Specifies the text qualifier.

ConsecutiveDelimiter

Optional

Variant

True to have consecutive delimiters considered one delimiter. The default is False.

Tab

Optional

Variant

True to have the tab character be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.

Semicolon

Optional

Variant

True to have the semicolon character be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.

Comma

Optional

Variant

True to have the comma character be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.

Space

Optional

Variant

True to have the space character be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.

Other

Optional

Variant

True to have the character specified by the OtherChar argument be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.

OtherChar

Optional

Variant

(required if Other is True). Specifies the delimiter character when Other is True. If more than one character is specified, only the first character of the string is used; the remaining characters are ignored.

FieldInfo

Optional

Variant

An array containing parse information for individual columns of data. The interpretation depends on the value of DataType. When the data is delimited, this argument is an array of two-element arrays, with each two-element array specifying the conversion options for a particular column. The first element is the column number (1-based), and the second element is one of the XlColumnDataType constants specifying how the column is parsed.

TextVisualLayout

Optional

Variant

The visual layout of the text.

DecimalSeparator

Optional

Variant

The decimal separator that Microsoft Excel uses when recognizing numbers. The default setting is the system setting.

ThousandsSeparator

Optional

Variant

The thousands separator that Excel uses when recognizing numbers. The default setting is the system setting.

TrailingMinusNumbers

Optional

Variant

Specify True if numbers with a minus character at the end should be treated as negative numbers. If False or omitted, numbers with a minus character at the end are treated as text.

Local

Optional

Variant

Specify True if regional settings of the machine should be used for separators, numbers and data formatting.

FieldInfo Parameter Information

You can use xlEMDFormat only if you have installed and selected Taiwanese language support. The xlEMDFormat constant specifies that Taiwanese era dates are being used.

The column specifiers can be in any order. If there's no column specifier for a particular column in the input data, the column is parsed with the General setting.

Note Note
  • If you specify that a column is to be skipped, you must explicitly state the type for all remaining columns or the data will not parse correctly.

  • If there is a recognizible date in the data, the cell will be formatted as a date in the worksheet even if the setting for the column is General. Additionally, if you specify one of the above date formats for a column and the data does not contain a recognized date, then the cell format in the worksheet will be General.

This example causes the third column to be parsed as MDY (for example, 01/10/1970), the first column to be parsed as text, and the remaining columns in the source data to be parsed with the General setting.

Array(Array(3, 3), Array(1, 2))

If the source data has fixed-width columns, the first element in each two-element array specifies the position of the starting character in the column (as an integer; character 0 (zero) is the first character). The second element in the two-element array specifies the parse option for the column as a number between 0 and 9, as listed in the preceding table.

ThousandsSeparator Parameter Information

The following table shows the results of importing text into Excel for various import settings. Numeric results are displayed in the rightmost column.

System decimal separator

System thousands separator

Decimal separator value

Thousands separator value

Text imported

Cell value (data type)

Period

Comma

Comma

Period

123.123,45

123,123.45 (numeric)

Period

Comma

Comma

Comma

123.123,45

123.123,45 (text)

Comma

Period

Period

Comma

123,123.45

123,123.45 (numeric)

Period

Comma

Period

Comma

123 123.45

123 123.45 (text)

Period

Comma

Period

Space

123 123.45

123,123.45 (numeric)

This example opens the file Data.txt and uses tab delimiters to parse the text file into a worksheet.

Workbooks.OpenText filename:="DATA.TXT", _ 
    dataType:=xlDelimited, tab:=True
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