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Words Collection Object (Word)

A collection of words in a selection, range, or document. Each item in the Words collection is a Range object that represents one word. There is no Word object.

Use the Words property to return the Words object. The following code example displays how many words are currently selected.

MsgBox Selection.Words.Count & " words are selected"

Use Words(Index), where Index is the index number, to return a Range object that represents one word. The index number represents the position of the word in the Words collection. The following code example formats the first word in the selection as 24-point italic.

With Selection.Words(1) 
 .Italic = True 
 .Font.Size = 24 
End With

The item in the Words collection includes both the word and the spaces after the word. To remove the trailing spaces, use the Visual Basic RTrim function — for example, RTrim(ActiveDocument.Words(1)). The following code example selects the first word (and its trailing spaces) in the active document.

ActiveDocument.Words(1).Select

If the selection is the insertion point and it is immediately followed by a space, Selection.Words(1) refers to the word preceding the selection. If the selection is the insertion point and is immediately followed by a character, Selection.Words(1) refers to the word following the selection.

The Count property for this collection in a document returns the number of items in the main story only. To count items in other stories use the collection with the Range object. Also, the Count property includes punctuation and paragraph marks in the total. To count the actual words in a document, use the Word Count dialog box. The following code example retrieves the number of words in the active document and assigns the value to the variable numWords.

Set temp = Dialogs(wdDialogToolsWordCount) 
' Execute the dialog box to refresh its data. 
temp.Execute 
numWords = temp.Words
Note Note

For more information about calling built-in dialog boxes, see Displaying built-in Word dialog boxes.

The Add method is not available for the Words collection. Instead, use the InsertAfter method or the InsertBefore method to add text to a Range object. The following code example inserts text after the first word in the active document.

ActiveDocument.Range.Words(1).InsertAfter "New text "

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