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Documents.Open Method (Word)

Published: July 16, 2012

Opens the specified document and adds it to the Documents collection. Returns a Document object.

expression .Open(FileName, ConfirmConversions, ReadOnly, AddToRecentFiles, PasswordDocument, PasswordTemplate, Revert, WritePasswordDocument, WritePasswordTemplate, Format, Encoding, Visible, OpenConflictDocument, OpenAndRepair, DocumentDirection, NoEncodingDialog)

expression Required. A variable that represents a Documents collection.

Parameters

Name

Required/Optional

Data Type

Description

FileName

Required

Variant

The name of the document (paths are accepted).

ConfirmConversions

Optional

Variant

True to display the Convert File dialog box if the file isn't in Microsoft Word format.

ReadOnly

Optional

Variant

True to open the document as read-only. This argument doesn't override the read-only recommended setting on a saved document. For example, if a document has been saved with read-only recommended turned on, setting the ReadOnly argument to False will not cause the file to be opened as read/write.

AddToRecentFiles

Optional

Variant

True to add the file name to the list of recently used files at the bottom of the File menu.

PasswordDocument

Optional

Variant

The password for opening the document.

PasswordTemplate

Optional

Variant

The password for opening the template.

Revert

Optional

Variant

Controls what happens if FileName is the name of an open document. True to discard any unsaved changes to the open document and reopen the file. False to activate the open document.

WritePasswordDocument

Optional

Variant

The password for saving changes to the document.

WritePasswordTemplate

Optional

Variant

The password for saving changes to the template.

Format

Optional

Variant

The file converter to be used to open the document. Can be one of the WdOpenFormat constants. The default value is wdOpenFormatAuto.

Format

Required

Variant

The file converter to be used to open the document. Can be one of the following WdOpenFormat constants. To specify an external file format, apply the OpenFormat property to a FileConverter object to determine the value to use with this argument.

Encoding

Optional

Variant

The document encoding (code page or character set) to be used by Microsoft Word when you view the saved document. Can be any valid MsoEncoding constant. For the list of valid MsoEncoding constants, see the Object Browser in the Visual Basic Editor. The default value is the system code page.

Visible

Optional

Variant

True if the document is opened in a visible window. The default value is True.

OpenConflictDocument

Optional

Variant

Specifies whether to open the conflict file for a document with an offline conflict.

OpenAndRepair

Optional

Variant

True to repair the document to prevent document corruption.

DocumentDirection

Optional

WdDocumentDirection

Indicates the horizontal flow of text in a document. The default value is wdLeftToRight.

NoEncodingDialog

Optional

Variant

True to skip displaying the Encoding dialog box that Word displays if the text encoding cannot be recognized. The default value is False.

Return Value

Document

Avoid using hard-coded passwords in your applications. If a password is required in a procedure, request the password from the user, store it in a variable, and then use the variable in your code. For recommended best practices on how to do this, see Security Notes for Microsoft Office Solution Developers.

This example opens MyDoc.doc as a read-only document.

Sub OpenDoc() 
 Documents.Open FileName:="C:\MyFiles\MyDoc.doc", ReadOnly:=True 
End Sub

This example opens Test.wp using the WordPerfect 6.x file converter.

Sub OpenDoc2() 
 Dim fmt As Variant 
 fmt = Application.FileConverters("WordPerfect6x").OpenFormat 
 Documents.Open FileName:="C:\MyFiles\Test.wp", Format:=fmt 
End Sub
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