Recordset.AbsolutePosition Property (DAO)
Last modified: June 30, 2011
Applies to: Access 2013 | Office 2013
Sets or returns the relative record number of a Recordset object's current record.
You can use the AbsolutePosition property to position the current record pointer to a specific record based on its ordinal position in a dynaset- or snapshot-type Recordset object. You can also determine the current record number by checking the AbsolutePosition property setting.
Because the AbsolutePosition property value is zero-based (that is, a setting of 0 refers to the first record in the Recordset object), you cannot set it to a value greater than or equal to the number of populated records; doing so causes a trappable error. You can determine the number of populated records in the Recordset object by checking the RecordCount property setting. The maximum allowable setting for the AbsolutePosition property is the value of the RecordCount property minus 1.
If there is no current record, as when there are no records in the Recordset object, AbsolutePosition returns –1. If the current record is deleted, the AbsolutePosition property value isn't defined, and a trappable error occurs if it's referenced. New records are added to the end of the sequence.
You shouldn't use this property as a surrogate record number. Bookmarks are still the recommended way of retaining and returning to a given position and are the only way to position the current record across all types of Recordset objects. In particular, the position of a record changes when one or more records preceding it are deleted. There is also no assurance that a record will have the same absolute position if the Recordset object is re-created again because the order of individual records within a Recordset object isn't guaranteed unless it's created with an SQL statement by using an ORDER BY clause.
This example uses the AbsolutePosition property to track the progress of a loop that enumerates all the records of a Recordset.
Sub AbsolutePositionX() Dim dbsNorthwind As Database Dim rstEmployees As Recordset Dim strMessage As String Set dbsNorthwind = OpenDatabase("Northwind.mdb") ' AbsolutePosition only works with dynasets or snapshots. Set rstEmployees = _ dbsNorthwind.OpenRecordset("Employees", _ dbOpenSnapshot) With rstEmployees ' Populate Recordset. .MoveLast .MoveFirst ' Enumerate Recordset. Do While Not .EOF ' Display current record information. Add 1 to ' AbsolutePosition value because it is zero-based. strMessage = "Employee: " & !LastName & vbCr & _ "(record " & (.AbsolutePosition + 1) & _ " of " & .RecordCount & ")" If MsgBox(strMessage, vbOKCancel) = vbCancel _ Then Exit Do .MoveNext Loop .Close End With dbsNorthwind.Close End Sub