Export (0) Print
Expand All
!ca
!ih
!tz
!vm
Expand Minimize

!memusage

The !memusage extension displays summary statistics about physical memory use.

Syntax in Windows 2000

!memusage

Syntax in Windows XP and later

!memusage [Flags]

Parameters

Flags

(Windows XP and later only) Can be any one of the following values. The default is 0x0.

0x0

Displays general summary information, along with a more detailed description of the pages in the PFN database. See the Remarks section for an example of this type of output.

0x1

Displays only summary information about the modified no-write pages in the PFN database..

0x2

Displays only detailed information about the modified no-write pages in the PFN database.

0x8

Displays only general summary information about memory use.

Environment

Modeskernel mode only

 

DLL

Windows 2000

Kdextx86.dll

Windows XP and later

Kdexts.dll

 

Additional Information

Physical memory statistics are collected from the Memory Manager's page frame number (PFN) database table.

This command takes a long time to run, especially if the target computer is running in 64-bit mode, due to the greater amount of data to obtain. While it is loading the PFN database, a counter shows its progress. To speed up this loading, increase the COM port speed with the CTRL+A (Toggle Baud Rate) key, or use the .cache (Set Cache Size) command to increase the cache size (perhaps to around 10 MB).

The !memusage command can also be used while performing local kernel debugging.

Here is an example of the output from this extension:

kd> !memusage
 loading PFN database
loading (98% complete)

Compiling memory usage data (100% Complete).
             Zeroed:     49 (   196 kb)
               Free:      5 (    20 kb)
            Standby:   5489 ( 21956 kb)
           Modified:    714 (  2856 kb)
    ModifiedNoWrite:      1 (     4 kb)
       Active/Valid:  10119 ( 40476 kb)
         Transition:      6 (    24 kb)
            Unknown:      0 (     0 kb)
              TOTAL:  16383 ( 65532 kb)

  Building kernel map
  Finished building kernel map
Scanning PFN database - (99% complete) 

  Usage Summary (in Kb):


Control Valid Standby Dirty Shared Locked PageTables  name

8251a258    12    108     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( cscui.dll )
827ab1b8     8   1708     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( $Mft )
8263c408   908     48     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( win32k.sys )
8252dda8     0    324     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( ShellIconCache )
8272f638   128    112     0   116     0     0  mapped_file( advapi32.dll )
......
82755958     0      4     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( $Directory )
8250b518     0      4     0     0     0     0    No Name for File
8254d8d8     0      4     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( $Directory )
82537be8     0      4     0     0     0     0  mapped_file( Windows Explorer.lnk )

--------  1348      0     0 ----- -----   904  process ( System )
--------   492      0     0 ----- -----    72  process ( winmine.exe )
--------  3364   1384  1396 ----- -----   188  process ( explorer.exe )
--------   972      0     0 ----- -----    88  process ( services.exe )
--------   496   1456   384 ----- -----   164  process ( winmgmt.exe )
--------  1144      0     0 ----- -----   120  process ( svchost.exe )
--------   944      0     0 ----- -----   156  process ( winlogon.exe )
--------   412      0     0 ----- -----    64  process ( csrss.exe )
......
--------    12      0     0 ----- -----     8  process ( wmiadap.exe )

--------   316      0     0 ----- -----     0  pagefile section (346e)
--------  4096      0     0 ----- -----     0  pagefile section (9ad)

--------   884    280    36 -----     0 -----  driver ( ntoskrnl.exe )
--------    88      8     0 -----     0 -----  driver ( hal.dll )
--------     8      0     0 -----     0 -----  driver ( kdcom.dll )
--------    12      0     0 -----     0 -----  driver ( BOOTVID.dll )
......
--------     8      0     0 -----     0 -----  driver ( ndisuio.sys )
--------    16      0     0 -----     0 -----  driver ( dump_scsiport.sys )
--------    56      0     0 -----     0 -----  driver ( dump_aic78xx.sys )
--------  2756   1060   876 -----     0 -----  driver ( Paged Pool )
--------  1936    128   148 -----     0 -----  driver ( Kernel Stacks )
--------     0      0     0 -----     0 -----  driver ( NonPaged Pool )

The first column displays the address of the control area structure that describes each mapped structure. Use the !ca extension command to display these control areas.

Remarks

You can use the !vm extension command to analyze virtual memory use. This extension is typically more useful than !memusage. For more information about memory management, see Microsoft Windows Internals, by Mark Russinovich and David Solomon. (This book may not be available in some languages and countries.)

The !pfn extension command can be used to display a particular page frame entry in the PFN database.

 

 

Send comments about this topic to Microsoft

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft