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Passing PnP IRPs Down the Device Stack

The PnP manager uses IRPs to direct drivers to start, stop, and remove devices and to query drivers about their devices. All PnP IRPs have the major function code IRP_MJ_PNP, and all PnP drivers must provide a DispatchPnP routine to service this function code. The PnP manager initializes Irp->IoStatus.Status to STATUS_NOT_SUPPORTED when it sends an IRP. For more information, see DispatchPnP Routines.

All drivers for a device must have the opportunity to respond to a PnP IRP unless a driver in the stack fails the IRP. (See the following figure.)

Diagram illustrating passing a Plug and Play IRP down the device stack

No single driver for a device can assume that it is the only driver that will respond to a PnP IRP. Consider, for example, a function driver that responds to an IRP_MN_QUERY_CAPABILITIES request and completes the IRP without passing it to the next-lower driver. None of the capabilities supported by lower drivers, such as a unique instance ID or power management capabilities supported by the parent bus driver, is reported.

A PnP IRP travels back up the device stack when the parent bus driver calls IoCompleteRequest and the I/O manager calls any IoCompletion routines registered by the function driver or filter drivers.

A function or filter driver must do the following when it receives a PnP IRP:

  • If the driver performs actions in response to the IRP:
    1. Perform the appropriate actions.
    2. Set Irp->IoStatus.Status to an appropriate status, such as STATUS_SUCCESS. Set Irp->IoStatus.Information, if appropriate for the IRP.
    3. Set up the next stack location with IoSkipCurrentIrpStackLocation or IoCopyCurrentIrpStackLocationToNext. Call the latter routine if you set an IoCompletion routine.
    4. Set an IoCompletion routine, if necessary.
    5. Do not complete the IRP. (Do not call IoCompleteRequest.) The parent bus driver will complete the IRP.
  • If the driver does not perform actions for this IRP, it simply prepares to pass the IRP to the next driver:
    1. Call IoSkipCurrentIrpStackLocation to remove its stack location from the IRP.
    2. Do not set any fields in Irp->IoStatus.
    3. Do not set an IoCompletion routine.
    4. Do not complete the IRP. (Do not call IoCompleteRequest.) The parent bus driver will complete the IRP.

If a function or filter driver did not fail the IRP, it passes the IRP to the next-lower driver with IoCallDriver. A driver has a pointer to the next-lower driver; that pointer was returned from the IoAttachDeviceToDeviceStack call in the higher driver's AddDevice routine.

The parent bus driver completes the IRP after performing any tasks to respond to the IRP. After the bus driver calls IoCompleteRequest, the I/O manager calls any IoCompletion routines registered by the function or filter drivers for the device.

 

 

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