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MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe macro

The MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe macro returns a nonpaged system-space virtual address for the buffer that the specified MDL describes.

Syntax


PVOID MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe(
  [in]  PMDL Mdl,
  [in]  MM_PAGE_PRIORITY Priority
);

Parameters

Mdl [in]

Pointer to a buffer whose corresponding base virtual address is to be mapped.

Priority [in]

Specifies an MM_PAGE_PRIORITY value that indicates the importance of success under low available PTE conditions. Specify a priority value of LowPagePriority, NormalPagePriority, or HighPagePriority. Starting with Windows 8, the specified priority value can be bitwise-ORed with the MdlMappingNoWrite or MdlMappingNoExecute flags.

  • LowPagePriority indicates that the mapping request can fail if the system is fairly low on resources. An example of this situation is a noncritical network connection where the driver can handle the mapping failure.

  • NormalPagePriority indicates that the mapping request can fail if the system is very low on resources. An example of this situation is a noncritical local file system request.

  • HighPagePriority indicates that the mapping request must not fail unless the system is completely out of resources. An example of this situation is the paging file path in a driver.

  • MdlMappingNoWrite indicates that the mapped physical pages are to be configured as no-write (read only) memory. Starting with Windows 8, this flag bit can be bitwise-ORed with the MM_PAGE_PRIORITY value to specify memory in which writes are disabled.

  • MdlMappingNoExecute indicates that the mapped physical pages are to be configured as no-execute memory. Starting with Windows 8, this flag bit can be bitwise-ORed with the MM_PAGE_PRIORITY value to specify memory in which instruction execution is disabled. As a best practice, drivers written for Windows 8 and later versions of Windows should always specify no-execute memory unless executable memory is explicitly required.

Return value

MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe returns the base system-space virtual address that maps the physical pages that the specified MDL describes. If the pages are not already mapped to system address space and the attempt to map them fails, NULL is returned.

Remarks

This routine maps the physical pages that are described by the specified MDL into system address space, if they are not already mapped to system address space.

Drivers of programmed-I/O (PIO) devices call this routine to map a user-mode buffer, which is described by the MDL at Irp->MdlAddress and which is already mapped to a user-mode virtual address range, to a range in system address space.

On entry to this routine, the specified MDL must describe physical pages that are locked down. A locked-down MDL can be built by using the MmProbeAndLockPages, MmBuildMdlForNonPagedPool, IoBuildPartialMdl, or MmAllocatePagesForMdlEx routine.

When the system-address-space mapping that is returned by MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe is no longer needed, it must be released. The steps that are required to release the mapping depend on how the MDL was built. These are the four possible cases:

  • If the MDL was built by a call to the MmProbeAndLockPages routine, it is not necessary to explicitly release the system-address-space mapping. Instead, a call to the MmUnlockPages routine releases the mapping, if one was allocated.

  • If the MDL was built by a call to the MmBuildMdlForNonPagedPool routine, MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe reuses the existing system-address-space mapping instead of creating a new one. In this case, no cleanup is required (that is, unlocking and unmapping are not necessary).

  • If the MDL was built by a call to the IoBuildPartialMdl routine, the driver must call either the MmPrepareMdlForReuse routine or the IoFreeMdl routine to release the system-address-space mapping.

  • If the MDL was built by a call to the MmAllocatePagesForMdlEx routine, the driver must call the MmUnmapLockedPages routine to release the system-address-space mapping. If MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe is called more than one time for an MDL, subsequent MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe calls simply return the mapping that was created by the first call. One call to MmUnmapLockedPages is sufficient to release this mapping.

Starting with Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, it is not necessary to explicitly call MmUnmapLockedPages for an MDL that was created by MmAllocatePagesForMdlEx. Instead, a call to the MmFreePagesFromMdl routine releases the system-address-space mapping, if one was allocated.

To create a new system-address-space mapping, MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe calls MmMapLockedPagesSpecifyCache with the CacheType parameter set to MmCached. A driver that requires a cache type other than MmCached should call MmMapLockedPagesSpecifyCache directly instead of calling MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe. For more information about the CacheType parameter, see MmMapLockedPagesSpecifyCache.

In a call to MmMapLockedPagesSpecifyCache, the specified cache type is used only if the pages that are described by the MDL do not already have a cache type associated with them. However, in nearly all cases, the pages already have an associated cache type, and this cache type is used by the new mapping. An exception to this rule is for pages that are allocated by MmAllocatePagesForMdl, which sets the cache type to MmCached regardless of the original cache type of the pages.

Only one thread at a time can safely call MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe for a particular MDL because this routine assumes that the calling thread owns the MDL. However, MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe can be called more than one time for the same MDL either by making all calls from the same thread or, if the calls are from multiple threads, by explicitly synchronizing the calls.

If a driver must split a request into smaller requests, the driver can allocate additional MDLs, or the driver can use the IoBuildPartialMdl routine.

The returned base address has the same offset as the virtual address in the MDL.

Windows 98 does not support MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe. Use MmGetSystemAddressForMdl instead.

Requirements

Version

Available starting with Windows 2000.

Header

Wdm.h (include Wdm.h, Ntddk.h, or Ntifs.h)

Library

Ntoskrnl.lib

IRQL

<= DISPATCH_LEVEL

DDI compliance rules

MdlAfterReqCompletedIntIoctlA, MdlAfterReqCompletedIoctlA, MdlAfterReqCompletedReadA, MdlAfterReqCompletedWriteA

See also

IoBuildPartialMdl
IoFreeMdl
MmAllocatePagesForMdlEx
MmBuildMdlForNonPagedPool
MmFreePagesFromMdl
MmGetSystemAddressForMdl
MmMapLockedPagesSpecifyCache
MmPrepareMdlForReuse
MmProbeAndLockPages
MmUnlockPages

 

 

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