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How do I create custom WPP extended format specification strings?

You create custom WPP extended format specification strings by using the DEFINE_CPLX_TYPE macro. For more information about how to use this macro, see What is the syntax of the complex types definition?.

This topic provides examples that show you how to do the following:

Each of these examples shows the use of a custom WPP configuration file for the definition of the DEFINE_CPLX_TYPE macro. In these examples, the configuration file is named LocalWpp.ini. For more information about how to use custom WPP configuration files, see How do you define custom data types?.

Trace fixed-length strings through custom WPP extended format specification strings

This example shows how to trace Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) network addresses by using a custom WPP extended format specification string. IPv6 network addresses, as defined by the in6_addr structure, have a fixed-length length of 16 bytes.

In this example, a complex data type (IPV6ADDR) is defined, which can then be used as the %!IPV6ADDR! format specification string in your source code.

To create the IPV6ADDR complex data type, add the following statements to the LocalWpp.ini configuration file:

  1. 
    DEFINE_CPLX_TYPE(IPV6ADDR, WPP_LOGIPV6, in6_addr *, ItemIPV6Addr, "s", _IPV6_, 0, 1);
    
    

    This statement uses the DEFINE_CPLX_TYPE macro to define the complex type (IPV6ADDR) along with its attributes, such as its argument type (in6_addr *) and size (16).

    The statement also specifies the name of a helper macro (WPP_LOGIPV6) that is used by the WPP preprocessor when it parses an IPV6ADDR complex type in the source code of your trace provider.

  2. 
    WPP_FLAGS(-DWPP_LOGIPV6(x) WPP_LOGPAIR( (16), (x)));
    
    

    This statement defines the helper macro that is used to format the length/address pair of the IPV6 argument when it is passed to the TraceMessage function.

In Visual Studio, open the properties page for your project. Under WPP Tracing, File Options, specify LocalWpp.ini as the Additional Configuration file. See WPP Preprocessor for more information.

The following sample source code shows how your trace provider can trace IPv6 network addresses by using the %!IPV6ADDR! format specification string:


struct in6_addr IPAddressV6 = {0};
DoTraceMessage(Noise, "IN6_ADDR  = %!IPV6ADDR!", &IPAddressV6);

Note  You can create a complex type (MACADDR) for tracing fixed-length media access control (MAC) addresses. This complex type can be specified by following the procedure that was used for the IPV6ADDDR complex type.

Trace variable-length strings through custom WPP extended format specification strings

This example shows how to trace variable-length buffers of data by using a custom WPP extended format specification string.

In this example, a complex data type (HEXDUMP) is defined which can then be used as the %!HEXDUMP! format specification string in your source code.

To create the HEXDUMP complex data type, add the following statements to the LocalWpp.ini configuration file:

  1. 
    DEFINE_CPLX_TYPE(HEXDUMP, WPP_LOGHEXDUMP, const xstr_t&, ItemHEXDump,"s", _HEX_, 0, 2);
    
    

    This statement uses the DEFINE_CPLX_TYPE macro to define the complex type (HEXDUMP) along with its attributes, such as its argument type (const xstr_t&) and the number of parameters that are passed to TraceMessage (2). Because this complex type is to be used for variable-length data, the macro's Size element is set to zero.

    The statement also specifies the name of a helper macro (WPP_LOGHEXDUMP) that is used by the WPP preprocessor when it parses a HEXDUMP complex type in the source code of your trace provider.

  2. 
    struct xstr_t {
       CHAR * _buf;
       short _len;
       xstr_t(__in_ecount(len) char *buf, short len):_buf(buf),_len(len) {}
    };
    
    

    This statement defines a structure that is used to save the length and address of a variable-length buffer. This structure is initialized in the LOG_LENSTR macro, and is local to each invocation of DoTraceMessage in which the HEXDUMP complex type is used within the FormatString parameter.

  3. 
    WPP_FLAGS(-DLOG_LENSTR(len,str)=xstr_t(str,len));
    
    

    This statement defines the macro that is used to initialize an xstr_t structure for the variable-length buffer. You must use this macro to pass the variable-length buffer in the VariableList parameter of DoTraceMessage.

  4. 
    WPP_FLAGS(-DWPP_LOGHEXDUMP(x) WPP_LOGPAIR(2,&(x)._len) WPP_LOGPAIR((x)._len, (x)._buf));
    
    

    This statement defines the helper macro that is used to format the length/address pairs of the variable-length buffer argument when it is passed to the TraceMessage function.

    Variable-length arguments require two length/address pairs. As a result, the WPP_LOGHEXDUMP macro defines two calls to WPP_LOGPAIR in the following way:

    • The first call to WPP_LOGPAIR passes the size of the variable-length buffer.
    • The second call to WPP_LOGPAIR passes the address of the buffer itself.

    Note  This macro requires that an xstr_t structure has been initialized for the variable-length buffer by a call to LOG_LENSTR. As a result, you must pass the variable-length buffer to DoTraceMessage through the LOG_LENSTR macro.

In Visual Studio, open the properties page for your project. Under WPP Tracing, File Options, specify LocalWpp.ini as the Additional Configuration file. See WPP Preprocessor for more information.

The following sample source code shows how your trace provider can trace a buffer of data by using the %!HEXDUMP! format specification string:


CHAR HexDump[1024] = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7} ;
DoTraceMessage(Noise, "HEXDUMP: %!HEXDUMP! ", LOG_LENSTR(sizeof(HexDump),(PCHAR)HexDump));

Note  You can create a complex type (HEXBYTES) for tracing variable-length buffers. This complex type can be specified by following the procedure that was used for the HEXDUMP complex type.

 

 

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