2.1.21 [CSS-Level2-2009] Section 6.4.3, Calculating a selector's specificity
The specification states:
A selector's specificity is calculated as follows: count 1 if the declaration is from is a 'style' attribute rather than a rule with a selector, 0 otherwise (= a) (In HTML, values of an element's "style" attribute are style sheet rules. These rules have no selectors, so a=1, b=0, c=0, and d=0.) count the number of ID attributes in the selector (= b) count the number of other attributes and pseudo-classes in the selector (= c) count the number of element names and pseudo-elements in the selector (= d)
Quirks Mode (All Versions)
The following selectors and selector features are not supported:
All attribute selectors
Adjacent sibling and sibling combinators
The :active, :first-child, :focus, and :lang pseudo-classes
The :after, :before, :first-letter, and :first-line pseudo-elements
@page :first, @page :left, and @page :right
The rules are not applied and the selector specificity is zero.
IE7 Mode (All Versions)
The specificity of a selector that ends with a pseudo-element is capped at two no matter how many parent elements precede it.