Recordset.Clone Method (DAO)
Last modified: June 29, 2011
Applies to: Access 2013 | Office 2013
Creates a duplicate Recordset object that refers to the original Recordset object.
Use the Clone method to create multiple, duplicate Recordset objects. Each Recordset can have its own current record. Using Clone by itself doesn't change the data in the objects or in their underlying structures. When you use the Clone method, you can share bookmarks between two or more Recordset objects because their bookmarks are interchangeable.
You can use the Clone method when you want to perform an operation on a Recordset that requires multiple current records. This is faster and more efficient than opening a second Recordset. When you create a Recordset with the Clone method, it initially lacks a current record. To make a record current before you use the Recordset clone, you must set the Bookmark property or use one of the Move methods, one of the Find methods, or the Seek method.
Using the Close method on either the original or duplicate object doesn't affect the other object. For example, using Close on the original Recordset doesn't close the clone.
This example uses the Clone method to create copies of a Recordset and then lets the user position the record pointer of each copy independently.
Sub CloneX() Dim dbsNorthwind As Database Dim arstProducts(1 To 3) As Recordset Dim intLoop As Integer Dim strMessage As String Dim strFind As String Set dbsNorthwind = OpenDatabase("Northwind.mdb") ' If the following SQL statement will be used often, ' creating a permanent QueryDef will result in better ' performance. Set arstProducts(1) = dbsNorthwind.OpenRecordset( _ "SELECT ProductName FROM Products " & _ "ORDER BY ProductName", dbOpenSnapshot) ' Create two clones of the original Recordset. Set arstProducts(2) = arstProducts(1).Clone Set arstProducts(3) = arstProducts(1).Clone Do While True ' Loop through the array so that on each pass, the ' user is searching a different copy of the same ' Recordset. For intLoop = 1 To 3 ' Ask for search string while showing where the ' current record pointer is for each Recordset. strMessage = _ "Recordsets from Products table:" & vbCr & _ " 1 - Original - Record pointer at " & _ arstProducts(1)!ProductName & vbCr & _ " 2 - Clone - Record pointer at " & _ arstProducts(2)!ProductName & vbCr & _ " 3 - Clone - Record pointer at " & _ arstProducts(3)!ProductName & vbCr & _ "Enter search string for #" & intLoop & ":" strFind = Trim(InputBox(strMessage)) If strFind = "" Then Exit Do ' Find the search string; if there's no match, jump ' to the last record. With arstProducts(intLoop) .FindFirst "ProductName >= '" & strFind & "'" If .NoMatch Then .MoveLast End With Next intLoop Loop arstProducts(1).Close arstProducts(2).Close arstProducts(3).Close dbsNorthwind.Close End Sub