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How to: Log Exceptions in Visual Basic

You can use the My.Application.Log and My.Log objects to log information about exceptions that occur in your application. These examples show how to use the My.Application.Log.WriteException method to log exceptions that you catch explicitly and exceptions that are unhandled.

For logging tracing information, use the My.Application.Log.WriteEntry method. For more information, see WriteEntry

To log a handled exception

  1. Create the method that will generate the exception information.

    Public Sub ExceptionLogTest(ByVal fileName As String)
    End Sub
    
  2. Use a Try...Catch block to catch the exception.

    Try 
    Catch ex As Exception
    End Try
    
  3. Put the code that could generate an exception in the Try block.

    Uncomment the Dim and MsgBox lines to cause a NullReferenceException exception.

    ' Code that might generate an exception goes here. 
    ' For example: 
    '    Dim x As Object 
    '    MsgBox(x.ToString)
    
  4. In the Catch block, use the My.Application.Log.WriteException method to write the exception information.

    My.Application.Log.WriteException(ex, 
        TraceEventType.Error, 
        "Exception in ExceptionLogTest " & 
        "with argument " & fileName & ".")
    

    The following example shows the complete code for logging a handled exception.

    Public Sub ExceptionLogTest(ByVal fileName As String)
        Try 
            ' Code that might generate an exception goes here. 
            ' For example: 
            '    Dim x As Object 
            '    MsgBox(x.ToString) 
        Catch ex As Exception
            My.Application.Log.WriteException(ex, 
                TraceEventType.Error, 
                "Exception in ExceptionLogTest " & 
                "with argument " & fileName & ".")
        End Try 
    End Sub
    

To log an unhandled exception

  1. Have a project selected in Solution Explorer. On the Project menu, choose Properties.

  2. Click the Application tab.

  3. Click the View Application Events button to open the Code Editor.

    This opens the ApplicationEvents.vb file.

  4. Have the ApplicationEvents.vb file open in the Code Editor. On the General menu, choose MyApplication Events.

  5. On the Declarations menu, choose UnhandledException.

    The application raises the UnhandledException event before the main application runs.

  6. Add the My.Application.Log.WriteException method to the UnhandledException event handler.

    My.Application.Log.WriteException(e.Exception,
        TraceEventType.Critical,
        "Application shut down at " &
        My.Computer.Clock.GmtTime.ToString)
    

    The following example shows the complete code for logging an unhandled exception.

    Private Sub MyApplication_UnhandledException(
        ByVal sender As Object,
        ByVal e As ApplicationServices.UnhandledExceptionEventArgs
    ) Handles Me.UnhandledException
        My.Application.Log.WriteException(e.Exception,
            TraceEventType.Critical,
            "Application shut down at " &
            My.Computer.Clock.GmtTime.ToString)
    End Sub
    
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