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EventLog::WriteEvent Method (EventInstance, array<Byte>, array<Object>)

Writes an event log entry with the given event data, message replacement strings, and associated binary data.

Namespace:  System.Diagnostics
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(false)]
public:
void WriteEvent(
	EventInstance^ instance, 
	array<unsigned char>^ data, 
	... array<Object^>^ values
)

Parameters

instance
Type: System.Diagnostics::EventInstance
An EventInstance instance that represents a localized event log entry.
data
Type: array<System::Byte>
An array of bytes that holds the binary data associated with the entry.
values
Type: array<System::Object>
An array of strings to merge into the message text of the event log entry.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

The Source property of the EventLog has not been set.

-or-

The method attempted to register a new event source, but the computer name in MachineName is not valid.

- or -

The source is already registered for a different event log.

- or -

instance.InstanceId is less than zero or greater than UInt16::MaxValue.

- or -

values has more than 256 elements.

- or -

One of the values elements is longer than 32766 bytes.

- or -

The source name results in a registry key path longer than 254 characters.

ArgumentNullException

instance is nullptr.

InvalidOperationException

The registry key for the event log could not be opened.

Win32Exception

The operating system reported an error when writing the event entry to the event log. A Windows error code is not available.

Use this method to write a localized entry with additional event-specific data to the event log. You specify the event properties with resource identifiers rather than string values. The Event Viewer uses the resource identifiers to display the corresponding strings from the localized resource file for the Source. You must register the source with the corresponding resource file before you write events using resource identifiers.

The input instance instance specifies the event message and properties. Set the InstanceId of the instance input for the defined message in the source message resource file. You can optionally set the CategoryId and EntryType of the instance input to define the category and event type of your event entry. You can also specify an array of language-independent strings to insert into the localized message text. Set values to nullptr if the event message does not contain formatting placeholders for replacement strings.

Specify binary data with an event when it is necessary to provide additional details for the event. For example, use the data parameter to include information on a specific error. The Event Viewer does not interpret the associated event data; it displays the data in a combined hexadecimal and text format. Use event-specific data sparingly; include it only if you are sure it will be useful. You can also use event-specific data to store information the application can process independently of the Event Viewer. For example, you could write a viewer specifically for your events, or write a program that scans the event log and creates reports that include information from the event-specific data.

You must set the Source property on your EventLog component before component before using WriteEvent. The specified source must be configured for writing localized entries to the log; the source must at minimum have a message resource file defined.

You must create and configure the event source before writing the first entry with the source. Create the new event source during the installation of your application. This allows time for the operating system to refresh its list of registered event sources and their configuration. If the operating system has not refreshed its list of event sources, and you attempt to write an event with the new source, the write operation will fail. You can configure a new source using an EventLogInstaller, or using the CreateEventSource method. You must have administrative rights on the computer to create a new event source.

NoteNote

If you do not specify a MachineName for your EventLog instance before you call WriteEvent, the local computer (".") is assumed.

The source must be configured either for writing localized entries or for writing direct strings. Use the WriteEntry method if your application writes string values directly to the event log.

If your application writes entries using both resource identifiers and string values, you must register two separate sources. For example, configure one source with resource files, and then use that source in the WriteEvent method to write entries using resource identifiers to the event log. Then create a different source without resource files, and use that source in the WriteEntry method to write strings directly to the event log using that source.

NoteNote

If you write an entry to a remote computer, the value of the message string might not be what you expect if the remote computer is not running the .NET Framework. Also, the message string cannot contain %n, where n is an integer value (for example, %1), because the event viewer treats it as an insertion string. Because an Internet Protocol, version 6 (IPv6) address can contain this character sequence, you cannot log an event message that contains an IPv6 address.

The following example writes two audit entries to the event log myNewLog. The example creates a new event source and a new event log if they do not exist on the local computer. The event message text is specified using a resource identifier in a resource file.


// Create the event source if it does not exist.
String^ sourceName = "SampleApplicationSource";
if (  !EventLog::SourceExists( sourceName ) )
{

   // Call a local method to register the event log source
   // for the event log "myNewLog."  Use the resource file
   // EventLogMsgs.dll in the current directory for message text.
   String^ messageFile = String::Format( "{0}\\{1}", System::Environment::CurrentDirectory, "EventLogMsgs.dll" );
   CreateEventSourceSample1( messageFile );
}

// Get the event log corresponding to the existing source.
String^ myLogName = EventLog::LogNameFromSourceName( sourceName, "." );
EventLog^ myEventLog = gcnew EventLog( myLogName,".",sourceName );

// Define two audit events.
// The message identifiers correspond to the message text in the
// message resource file defined for the source.
EventInstance ^ myAuditSuccessEvent = gcnew EventInstance( AuditSuccessMsgId,0,EventLogEntryType::SuccessAudit );
EventInstance ^ myAuditFailEvent = gcnew EventInstance( AuditFailedMsgId,0,EventLogEntryType::FailureAudit );

// Insert the method name into the event log message.
array<String^>^insertStrings = {"EventLogSamples.WriteEventSample1"};

// Write the events to the event log.
myEventLog->WriteEvent( myAuditSuccessEvent, insertStrings );

// Append binary data to the audit failure event entry.
array<Byte>^binaryData = {3,4,5,6};
myEventLog->WriteEvent( myAuditFailEvent, binaryData, insertStrings );



The example uses the following message text file, built into the resource library EventLogMsgs.dll. A message text file is the source from which the message resource file is created. The message text file defines the resource identifiers and text for the category, event message, and parameter insertion strings.

; // EventLogMsgs.mc
; // ********************************************************

; // Use the following commands to build this file:

; //   mc -s EventLogMsgs.mc
; //   rc EventLogMsgs.rc
; //   link /DLL /SUBSYSTEM:WINDOWS /NOENTRY /MACHINE:x86 EventLogMsgs.Res 
; // ********************************************************

; // - Event categories -
; // Categories must be numbered consecutively starting at 1.
; // ********************************************************

MessageId=0x1
Severity=Success
SymbolicName=INSTALL_CATEGORY
Language=English
Installation
.

MessageId=0x2
Severity=Success
SymbolicName=QUERY_CATEGORY
Language=English
Database Query
.

MessageId=0x3
Severity=Success
SymbolicName=REFRESH_CATEGORY
Language=English
Data Refresh
.

; // - Event messages -
; // *********************************

MessageId = 1000
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = AUDIT_SUCCESS_MESSAGE_ID_1000
Language=English
My application message text, in English, for message id 1000, called from %1.
.

MessageId = 1001
Severity = Warning
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = AUDIT_FAILED_MESSAGE_ID_1001
Language=English
My application message text, in English, for message id 1001, called from %1.
.


MessageId = 1002
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = GENERIC_INFO_MESSAGE_ID_1002
Language=English
My generic information message in English, for message id 1002.
.


MessageId = 1003
Severity = Warning
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = GENERIC_WARNING_MESSAGE_ID_1003
Language=English
My generic warning message in English, for message id 1003, called from %1.
.


MessageId = 1004
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = UPDATE_CYCLE_COMPLETE_MESSAGE_ID_1004
Language=English
The update cycle is complete for %%5002.
.


MessageId = 1005
Severity = Warning
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = SERVER_CONNECTION_DOWN_MESSAGE_ID_1005
Language=English
The refresh operation did not complete because the connection to server %1 could not be established.
.


; // - Event log display name -
; // ********************************************************


MessageId = 5001
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = EVENT_LOG_DISPLAY_NAME_MSGID
Language=English
Sample Event Log
.



; // - Event message parameters -
; //   Language independent insertion strings
; // ********************************************************


MessageId = 5002
Severity = Success
Facility = Application
SymbolicName = EVENT_LOG_SERVICE_NAME_MSGID
Language=English
SVC_UPDATE.EXE
.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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