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Int32.Parse Method (String, IFormatProvider)

Converts the string representation of a number in a specified culture-specific format to its 32-bit signed integer equivalent.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
public static int Parse(
	string s,
	IFormatProvider provider
)

Parameters

s
Type: System.String

A string containing a number to convert.

provider
Type: System.IFormatProvider

An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information about s.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
A 32-bit signed integer equivalent to the number specified in s.
ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

s is null.

FormatException

s is not of the correct format.

OverflowException

s represents a number less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

This overload of the Parse(String, IFormatProvider) method is typically used to convert text that can be formatted in a variety of ways to an Int32 value. For example, it can be used to convert the text entered by a user into an HTML text box to a numeric value.

The s parameter contains a number of the form:

[ws][sign]digits[ws]

Items in square brackets ([ and ]) are optional. The following table describes each element.

Element

Description

ws

Optional white space.

sign

An optional sign.

digits

A sequence of digits ranging from 0 to 9.

The s parameter is interpreted using the NumberStyles.Integer style. In addition to decimal digits, only leading and trailing spaces together with a leading sign are allowed. To explicitly define the style elements that can be present in s, use the Int32.Parse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider) method.

The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation, such as a NumberFormatInfo or CultureInfo object. The provider parameter supplies culture-specific information about the format of s. If provider is null, the NumberFormatInfo object for the current culture is used.

The following example is the button click event handler of a Web form. It uses the array returned by the HttpRequest.UserLanguages property to determine the user's locale. It then instantiates a CultureInfo object that corresponds to that locale. The NumberFormatInfo object that belongs to that CultureInfo object is then passed to the Parse(String, IFormatProvider) method to convert the user's input to an Int32 value.

protected void OkToInteger_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
   string locale;
   int number;
   CultureInfo culture;

   // Return if string is empty 
   if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(this.inputNumber.Text))
      return;

   // Get locale of web request to determine possible format of number 
   if (Request.UserLanguages.Length == 0)
      return;
   locale = Request.UserLanguages[0];
   if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(locale))
      return;

  // Instantiate CultureInfo object for the user's locale
   culture = new CultureInfo(locale);

   // Convert user input from a string to a number 
   try
   {
      number = Int32.Parse(this.inputNumber.Text, culture.NumberFormat);
   }
   catch (FormatException)
   {
      return;
   }
   catch (Exception)
   {
      return;
   }
   // Output number to label on web form 
   this.outputNumber.Text = "Number is " + number.ToString();
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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