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CompareInfo.Compare Method (String, Int32, Int32, String, Int32, Int32)

Compares a section of one string with a section of another string.

Namespace:  System.Globalization
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual int Compare(
	string string1,
	int offset1,
	int length1,
	string string2,
	int offset2,
	int length2
)

Parameters

string1
Type: System.String
The first string to compare.
offset1
Type: System.Int32
The zero-based index of the character in string1 at which to start comparing.
length1
Type: System.Int32
The number of consecutive characters in string1 to compare.
string2
Type: System.String
The second string to compare.
offset2
Type: System.Int32
The zero-based index of the character in string2 at which to start comparing.
length2
Type: System.Int32
The number of consecutive characters in string2 to compare.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32

Value

Condition

zero

The two strings are equal.

less than zero

The specified section of string1 is less than the specified section of string2.

greater than zero

The specified section of string1 is greater than the specified section of string2.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

offset1 or length1 or offset2 or length2 is less than zero.

-or-

offset1 is greater than or equal to the number of characters in string1.

-or-

offset2 is greater than or equal to the number of characters in string2.

-or-

length1 is greater than the number of characters from offset1 to the end of string1.

-or-

length2 is greater than the number of characters from offset2 to the end of string2.

If a security decision depends on a string comparison or a case change, the application should use the InvariantCulture to ensure that the behavior is consistent regardless of the culture settings of the operating system.

NoteNote

When possible, the application should use string comparison methods that accept a CompareOptions value to specify the kind of comparison expected. As a general rule, user-facing comparisons are best served by the use of linguistic options (using the current culture), while security comparisons should specify Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase.

The following code example compares portions of two strings using the different CompareInfo objects:


using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Defines the strings to compare.
      String myStr1 = "calle";
      String myStr2 = "calor";

      // Uses GetCompareInfo to create the CompareInfo that uses the "es-ES" culture with international sort.
      CompareInfo myCompIntl = CompareInfo.GetCompareInfo( "es-ES" );

      // Uses GetCompareInfo to create the CompareInfo that uses the "es-ES" culture with traditional sort.
      CompareInfo myCompTrad = CompareInfo.GetCompareInfo( 0x040A );

      // Uses the CompareInfo property of the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myCompInva = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Compares two strings using myCompIntl.
      Console.WriteLine( "Comparing \"{0}\" and \"{1}\"", myStr1.Substring( 2, 2 ), myStr2.Substring( 2, 2 ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With myCompIntl.Compare: {0}", myCompIntl.Compare( myStr1, 2, 2, myStr2, 2, 2 ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With myCompTrad.Compare: {0}", myCompTrad.Compare( myStr1, 2, 2, myStr2, 2, 2 ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With myCompInva.Compare: {0}", myCompInva.Compare( myStr1, 2, 2, myStr2, 2, 2 ) );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Comparing "ll" and "lo"
   With myCompIntl.Compare: -1
   With myCompTrad.Compare: 1
   With myCompInva.Compare: -1

*/


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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