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MD5 Class

Represents the abstract class from which all implementations of the MD5 hash algorithm inherit.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public abstract class MD5 : HashAlgorithm

The MD5 type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Protected methodMD5Initializes a new instance of MD5.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyCanReuseTransformGets a value indicating whether the current transform can be reused. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyCanTransformMultipleBlocksWhen overridden in a derived class, gets a value indicating whether multiple blocks can be transformed. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyHashGets the value of the computed hash code. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyHashSizeGets the size, in bits, of the computed hash code. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyInputBlockSizeWhen overridden in a derived class, gets the input block size. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyOutputBlockSizeWhen overridden in a derived class, gets the output block size. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodClearReleases all resources used by the HashAlgorithm class. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodComputeHash(Byte[])Computes the hash value for the specified byte array. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodComputeHash(Stream)Computes the hash value for the specified Stream object. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodComputeHash(Byte[], Int32, Int32)Computes the hash value for the specified region of the specified byte array. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodStatic memberCreate()Creates an instance of the default implementation of the MD5 hash algorithm.
Public methodStatic memberCreate(String)Creates an instance of the specified implementation of the MD5 hash algorithm.
Public methodDispose()Releases all resources used by the current instance of the HashAlgorithm class. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Protected methodDispose(Boolean)Releases the unmanaged resources used by the HashAlgorithm and optionally releases the managed resources. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodHashCoreWhen overridden in a derived class, routes data written to the object into the hash algorithm for computing the hash. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Protected methodHashFinalWhen overridden in a derived class, finalizes the hash computation after the last data is processed by the cryptographic stream object. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodInitializeInitializes an implementation of the HashAlgorithm class. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodTransformBlockComputes the hash value for the specified region of the input byte array and copies the specified region of the input byte array to the specified region of the output byte array. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodTransformFinalBlockComputes the hash value for the specified region of the specified byte array. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
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  NameDescription
Protected fieldHashSizeValueRepresents the size, in bits, of the computed hash code. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldHashValueRepresents the value of the computed hash code. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldStateRepresents the state of the hash computation. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
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Hash functions map binary strings of an arbitrary length to small binary strings of a fixed length. A cryptographic hash function has the property that it is computationally infeasible to find two distinct inputs that hash to the same value; that is, hashes of two sets of data should match if the corresponding data also matches. Small changes to the data result in large, unpredictable changes in the hash.

The hash size for the MD5 algorithm is 128 bits.

The ComputeHash methods of the MD5 class return the hash as an array of 16 bytes. Note that some MD5 implementations produce a 32-character, hexadecimal-formatted hash. To interoperate with such implementations, format the return value of the ComputeHash methods as a hexadecimal value.

NoteNote

Newer hash functions, such as the Secure Hash Algorithms SHA-256 and SHA-512, are available. Consider using the SHA256 class or the SHA512 class instead of the MD5 class. Use MD5 only for compatibility with legacy applications and data.

The following code example computes the MD5 hash value of a string and returns the hash as a 32-character, hexadecimal-formatted string. The hash string created by this code example is compatible with any MD5 hash function (on any platform) that creates a 32-character, hexadecimal-formatted hash string.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

namespace MD5Sample
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string source = "Hello World!";
            using (MD5 md5Hash = MD5.Create())
            {
                string hash = GetMd5Hash(md5Hash, source);

                Console.WriteLine("The MD5 hash of " + source + " is: " + hash + ".");

                Console.WriteLine("Verifying the hash...");

                if (VerifyMd5Hash(md5Hash, source, hash))
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("The hashes are the same.");
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("The hashes are not same.");
                }
            }



        }
        static string GetMd5Hash(MD5 md5Hash, string input)
        {

            // Convert the input string to a byte array and compute the hash. 
            byte[] data = md5Hash.ComputeHash(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(input));

            // Create a new Stringbuilder to collect the bytes 
            // and create a string.
            StringBuilder sBuilder = new StringBuilder();

            // Loop through each byte of the hashed data  
            // and format each one as a hexadecimal string. 
            for (int i = 0; i < data.Length; i++)
            {
                sBuilder.Append(data[i].ToString("x2"));
            }

            // Return the hexadecimal string. 
            return sBuilder.ToString();
        }

        // Verify a hash against a string. 
        static bool VerifyMd5Hash(MD5 md5Hash, string input, string hash)
        {
            // Hash the input. 
            string hashOfInput = GetMd5Hash(md5Hash, input);

            // Create a StringComparer an compare the hashes.
            StringComparer comparer = StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase;

            if (0 == comparer.Compare(hashOfInput, hash))
            {
                return true;
            }
            else
            {
                return false;
            }
        }

    }
}

// This code example produces the following output: 
// 
// The MD5 hash of Hello World! is: ed076287532e86365e841e92bfc50d8c. 
// Verifying the hash... 
// The hashes are the same.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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