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Type.InvokeMember Method (String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], CultureInfo)

Invokes the specified member, using the specified binding constraints and matching the specified argument list and culture.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public Object InvokeMember (
	string name,
	BindingFlags invokeAttr,
	Binder binder,
	Object target,
	Object[] args,
	CultureInfo culture
)
public final Object InvokeMember (
	String name, 
	BindingFlags invokeAttr, 
	Binder binder, 
	Object target, 
	Object[] args, 
	CultureInfo culture
)
public final function InvokeMember (
	name : String, 
	invokeAttr : BindingFlags, 
	binder : Binder, 
	target : Object, 
	args : Object[], 
	culture : CultureInfo
) : Object
Not applicable.

Parameters

name

The String containing the name of the constructor, method, property, or field member to invoke.

-or-

An empty string ("") to invoke the default member.

-or-

For IDispatch members, a string representing the DispID, for example "[DispID=3]".

invokeAttr

A bitmask comprised of one or more BindingFlags that specify how the search is conducted. The access can be one of the BindingFlags such as Public, NonPublic, Private, InvokeMethod, GetField, and so on. The type of lookup need not be specified. If the type of lookup is omitted, BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Static are used.

binder

A Binder object that defines a set of properties and enables binding, which can involve selection of an overloaded method, coercion of argument types, and invocation of a member through reflection.

-or-

a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic), to use the DefaultBinder. Note that explicitly defining a Binder object may be requird for successfully invoking method overloads with variable arguments.

target

The Object on which to invoke the specified member.

args

An array containing the arguments to pass to the member to invoke.

culture

The CultureInfo object representing the globalization locale to use, which may be necessary for locale-specific conversions, such as converting a numeric String to a Double.

-or-

a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic) to use the current thread's CultureInfo.

Return Value

An Object representing the return value of the invoked member.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentNullException

invokeAttr contains CreateInstance and typeName is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

ArgumentException

args is multidimensional.

-or-

invokeAttr is not a valid BindingFlags attribute.

-or-

invokeAttr contains CreateInstance combined with InvokeMethod, GetField, SetField, GetProperty, or SetProperty.

-or-

invokeAttr contains both GetField and SetField.

-or-

invokeAttr contains both GetProperty and SetProperty.

-or-

invokeAttr contains InvokeMethod combined with SetField or SetProperty.

-or-

invokeAttr contains SetField and args has more than one element.

-or-

This method is called on a COM object and one of the following binding flags was not passed in: BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, BindingFlags.GetProperty, BindingFlags.SetProperty, BindingFlags.PutDispProperty, or BindingFlags.PutRefDispProperty.

-or-

One of the named parameter arrays contains a string that is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

MethodAccessException

The specified member is a class initializer.

MissingFieldException

The field or property cannot be found.

MissingMethodException

The method cannot be found.

-or-

The current Type object represents a type that contains open type parameters, that is, ContainsGenericParameters returns true.

TargetException

The specified member cannot be invoked on target.

AmbiguousMatchException

More than one method matches the binding criteria.

InvalidOperationException

The method represented by name has one or more unspecified generic type parameters. That is, the method's ContainsGenericParameters property returns true.

Although the default binder does not process CultureInfo (the culture parameter), you can use the abstract System.Reflection.Binder class to write a custom binder that does process culture.

NoteNote:

You cannot use InvokeMember to invoke a generic method.

The following BindingFlags filter flags can be used to define which members to include in the search:

  • Specify BindingFlags.Public to include public members in the search.

  • Specify BindingFlags.NonPublic to include non-public members (that is, private and protected members) in the search.

  • Specify BindingFlags.FlattenHierarchy to include static members up the hierarchy.

The following BindingFlags modifier flags can be used to change how the search works:

  • BindingFlags.IgnoreCase to ignore the case of name.

  • BindingFlags.DeclaredOnly to search only the members declared on the Type, not members that were simply inherited.

The following BindingFlags invocation flags can be used to denote what action to take with the member:

  • CreateInstance to invoke a constructor. name is ignored. Not valid with other invocation flags.

  • InvokeMethod to invoke a method, but not a constructor or a type initializer. Not valid with SetField or SetProperty. If InvokeMethod is specified by itself, BindingFlags.Public, BindingFlags.Instance, and BindingFlags.Static are automatically included.

  • GetField to get the value of a field. Not valid with SetField.

  • SetField to set the value of a field. Not valid with GetField.

  • GetProperty to get a property. Not valid with SetProperty.

  • SetProperty to set a property. Not valid with GetProperty.

See System.Reflection.BindingFlags for more information.

A method will be invoked if the following conditions are true:

  • The number of parameters in the method declaration equals the number of arguments in the args array (unless default arguments are defined on the member).

  • The type of each argument can be converted by the binder to the type of the parameter.

The binder will find all of the matching methods. These methods are found based upon the type of binding requested (BindingFlags values InvokeMethod, GetProperty, and so on). The set of methods is filtered by the name, number of arguments, and a set of search modifiers defined in the binder.

After the method is selected, it is invoked. Accessibility is checked at that point. The search may control which set of methods are searched based upon the accessibility attribute associated with the method. The Binder.BindToMethod method of the Binder class is responsible for selecting the method to be invoked. The default binder selects the most specific match.

Access restrictions are ignored for fully trusted code; that is, private constructors, methods, fields, and properties can be accessed and invoked through Reflection whenever the code is fully trusted.

You can use Type.InvokeMember to set a field to a particular value by specifying BindingFlags.SetField. For example, if you want to set a public instance field named F on class C, and F is a String you can use code such as:

typeof(C).InvokeMember("F", BindingFlags.SetField, null, C, new Object{"strings new value"}, null);

If F is a String[], you can use code such as:

typeof(C).InvokeMember("F", BindingFlags.SetField, null, C, new Object{new String[]{"a","z","c","d"}, null);

which will initialize the field F to this new array. You can also use Type.InvokeMember to set a position in an array by supplying the index of the value and then the next value by using code such as the following:

typeof(C).InvokeMember("F", BindingFlags.SetField, null, C, new Object{1, "b"}, null);

This will change string "z" in the array that F holds to string "b".

When you invoke an IDispatch member you can specify the DispID instead of the member name, using the string format "[DispID=##]". For example, if the DispID of MyComMethod is 3, you can specify the string "[DispID=3]" instead of "MyComMethod". Invoking a member by DispID is faster than looking up the member by name. In complex aggregation scenarios, the DispID is sometimes the only way to invoke the desired member.

NoteNote:

Starting with the , this method can be used to access non-public members if the caller has been granted ReflectionPermission with the ReflectionPermissionFlag.ReflectionEmit flag and if the grant set of the non-public members is restricted to the caller’s grant set, or a subset thereof. (See Security Considerations for Reflection.)

To use this functionality, your application should target the . For more information, see The .NET Framework 3.5 Architecture.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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