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Array.IndexOf<T> Method (T[], T)

Searches for the specified object and returns the index of the first occurrence within the entire Array.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static int IndexOf<T>(
	T[] array,
	T value
)

Type Parameters

T

The type of the elements of the array.

Parameters

array
Type: T[]
The one-dimensional, zero-based Array to search.
value
Type: T
The object to locate in array.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value within the entire array, if found; otherwise, –1.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

array is null.

The Array is searched forward starting at the first element and ending at the last element.

The elements are compared to the specified value using the Object.Equals method. If the element type is a nonintrinsic (user-defined) type, the Equals implementation of that type is used.

This method is an O(n) operation, where n is the Length of array.

The following code example demonstrates all three generic overloads of the IndexOf method. An array of strings is created, with one entry that appears twice, at index location 0 and index location 5. The IndexOf<T>(T[], T) method overload searches the array from the beginning, and finds the first occurrence of the string. The IndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32) method overload is used to search the array beginning with index location 3 and continuing to the end of the array, and finds the second occurrence of the string. Finally, the IndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32, Int32) method overload is used to search a range of two entries, beginning at index location two; it returns –1 because there are no instances of the search string in that range.


using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Demo(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock)
   {
      string[] dinosaurs = { "Tyrannosaurus",
            "Amargasaurus",
            "Mamenchisaurus",
            "Brachiosaurus",
            "Deinonychus",
            "Tyrannosaurus",
            "Compsognathus" };

      outputBlock.Text += "\n";
      foreach (string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
      {
         outputBlock.Text += dinosaur + "\n";
      }

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format(
          "\nArray.IndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}",
          Array.IndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus")) + "\n";

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format(
          "\nArray.IndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}",
          Array.IndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3)) + "\n";

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format(
          "\nArray.IndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 2, 2): {0}",
          Array.IndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2)) + "\n";
   }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

Array.IndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 0

Array.IndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 5

Array.IndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 2, 2): -1
 */


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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