WCF Security Token Service
In Visual Studio, open the File menu and select New, Web Site. Select WCF Security Token Service.
If you look at your web.config file, you’ll see a number of differences from the web.config for a typical ASP.NET Web site.
The following application settings have been added:
<appSettings> <add key="IssuerName" value="PassiveSigninSTS"/> <add key="SigningCertificateName" value="CN=STSTestCert"/> <add key="EncryptingCertificateName" value=""/> </appSettings>
All users have been granted access to the federation metadata. The federation metadata contains information about the public key of the token signing certificate, the endpoints that are exposed by the STS, and what claims are issued.
<location path="FederationMetadata"> <system.web> <authorization> <allow users="*" /> </authorization> </system.web> </location>
<system.Web>/<assemblies>element now contains a reference to the Microsoft.IdentityModel.dll assembly:
<add assembly="Microsoft.IdentityModel, Version=184.108.40.206, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" />
The authentication has been changed from “Windows” to “None”:
An authentication service, profile service, and role service have been added:
<system.web.extensions> <scripting> <webServices> <!-- Uncomment this section to enable the authentication service. Include requireSSL="true" if appropriate. <authenticationService enabled="true" requireSSL = "true|false"/> --> <!-- Uncomment these lines to enable the profile service, and to choose the profile properties that can be retrieved and modified in ASP.NET AJAX applications. <profileService enabled="true" readAccessProperties="propertyname1,propertyname2" writeAccessProperties="propertyname1,propertyname2" /> --> <!-- Uncomment this section to enable the role service. <roleService enabled="true"/> --> </webServices> <!-- <scriptResourceHandler enableCompression="true" enableCaching="true" /> --> </scripting> </system.web.extensions>
The following services, endpoints, bindings, and behaviors have been added:
<system.serviceModel> <services> <service name="Microsoft.IdentityModel.Protocols.WSTrust.WSTrustServiceContract" behaviorConfiguration="ServiceBehavior"> <endpoint address="IWSTrust13" binding="ws2007HttpBinding" contract="Microsoft.IdentityModel.Protocols.WSTrust.IWSTrust13SyncContract" bindingConfiguration="ws2007HttpBindingConfiguration"/> <host> <baseAddresses> <add baseAddress="http://localhost/STSService1/Service.svc" /> </baseAddresses> </host> <endpoint address="mex" binding="mexHttpBinding" contract="IMetadataExchange" /> </service> </services> <bindings> <ws2007HttpBinding> <binding name="ws2007HttpBindingConfiguration"> <security mode="Message"> <message establishSecurityContext="false" /> </security> </binding> </ws2007HttpBinding> </bindings> <behaviors> <serviceBehaviors> <behavior name="ServiceBehavior"> <!-- To avoid disclosing metadata information, set the value below to false and remove the metadata endpoint above before deployment --> <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" /> <!-- To receive exception details in faults for debugging purposes, set the value below to true. Set to false before deployment to avoid disclosing exception information --> <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="false" /> </behavior> </serviceBehaviors> </behaviors> </system.serviceModel>
A trace has been added, which you can uncomment to enable tracing. For more information, see WIF Tracing and How to: Enable Tracing.
<!-- Uncomment the lines below to enable WIF tracing to: WIFTrace.e2e. Open the trace file using the SvcTraceViewer.exe tool (shipped with the WCF SDK available from Microsoft) or a xml viewer. Refer to MSDN if you wish to add WCF tracing. --> <!--<system.diagnostics> <sources> <source name="Microsoft.IdentityModel" switchValue="Verbose"> <listeners> <add name="xml" type="System.Diagnostics.XmlWriterTraceListener" initializeData="WIFTrace.e2e" /> </listeners> </source> </sources> <trace autoflush="true" /> </system.diagnostics>-->
In the App_Code folder, open CustomSecurityTokenService.cs.
static readonly string ActiveClaimsAwareAppsto include the URLs of relying party applications to which you want this STS to issue tokens.
In the override of the GetOutputClaimsIdentity method, add the claims that your relying party application requires the STS to issue, as well as any custom claims that you want your STS to issue.
CustomSecurityTokenService.cs implements the following required methods.
GetScope. This method takes the caller’s IClaimsPrincipal and the incoming RST and returns the configuration for the token issuance request, which is represented by the Scope class. In this method, you can normalize the relying party’s address and choose signing and encryption keys. Typically, security tokens are encrypted so that only the relying party can read them.
GetOutputClaimsIdentity. This method takes the caller’s IClaimsPrincipal, the incoming RST, and the Scope object returned from GetScope, and returns the IClaimsIdentity to be included in the issued token. This lets you decide which claims are included in the token.