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How to: Customize Data Binding Behaviors (WCF Data Services)

With WCF Data Services, you can supply custom logic that is called by the DataServiceCollection when an object is added or removed from the binding collection or when a property change is detected. This custom logic is provided as methods, referenced as Func delegates, that return a value of false when the default behavior should still be performed when the custom method completes and true when subsequent processing of the event should be stopped.

The examples in this topic supply custom methods for both the entityChanged and entityCollectionChanged parameters of DataServiceCollection. The examples in this topic use the Northwind sample data service and autogenerated client data service classes. This service and the client data classes are created when you complete the WCF Data Services quickstart.

Example

The following code-behind page for the XAML file creates a DataServiceCollection with custom methods that are called when changes occur to data that is bound to the binding collection. When the CollectionChanged event occurs, the supplied method prevents an item that has been removed from the binding collection from being deleted from the data service. When the PropertyChanged event occurs, the ShipDate value is validated to ensure that changes are not made to orders that have already shipped.

Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Linq
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Windows
Imports System.Windows.Controls
Imports System.Windows.Data
Imports System.Windows.Documents
Imports System.Windows.Input
Imports System.Windows.Media
Imports System.Windows.Media.Imaging
Imports System.Windows.Navigation
Imports System.Windows.Shapes
Imports System.Data.Services.Client
Imports NorthwindClient.Northwind
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Partial Public Class CustomerOrdersCustom
    Inherits Window
    Private context As NorthwindEntities
    Private trackedCustomers As DataServiceCollection(Of Customer)
    Private Const customerCountry As String = "Germany"
    Private Const svcUri As String = "http://localhost:12345/Northwind.svc/"
    Private Sub Window_Loaded(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As RoutedEventArgs)
        Try
            ' Initialize the context for the data service.
            context = New NorthwindEntities(New Uri(svcUri))

            ' Create a LINQ query that returns customers with related orders.
            Dim customerQuery = From cust In context.Customers.Expand("Orders") _
                                    Where cust.Country = customerCountry _
                                    Select cust

            ' Create a new collection for binding based on the LINQ query.
            trackedCustomers = New DataServiceCollection(Of Customer)(customerQuery, _
                    TrackingMode.AutoChangeTracking, "Customers", _
                    AddressOf OnMyPropertyChanged, AddressOf OnMyCollectionChanged)

            ' Bind the root StackPanel element to the collection
            ' related object binding paths are defined in the XAML.
            Me.LayoutRoot.DataContext = trackedCustomers
        Catch ex As DataServiceQueryException
            MessageBox.Show("The query could not be completed:\n" + ex.ToString())
        Catch ex As InvalidOperationException
            MessageBox.Show("The following error occurred:\n" + ex.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub
    ' Method that is called when the CollectionChanged event is handled.
    Private Function OnMyCollectionChanged( _
        ByVal entityCollectionChangedinfo As EntityCollectionChangedParams) As Boolean
        If entityCollectionChangedinfo.Action = _
            NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Remove Then

            ' Delete the related items when an order is deleted.
            If entityCollectionChangedinfo.TargetEntity.GetType() Is GetType(Order) Then

                ' Get the context and object from the supplied parameter.
                Dim context = entityCollectionChangedinfo.Context
                Dim deletedOrder As Order = _
                CType(entityCollectionChangedinfo.TargetEntity, Order)

                If deletedOrder.Order_Details.Count = 0 Then
                    ' Load the related OrderDetails.
                    context.LoadProperty(deletedOrder, "Order_Details")
                End If

                ' Delete the order and its related items
                For Each item As Order_Detail In deletedOrder.Order_Details
                    context.DeleteObject(item)
                Next

                ' Delete the order and then return false since the object is already deleted.
                context.DeleteObject(deletedOrder)

                Return True
            Else
                Return False
            End If
        Else
            ' Use the default behavior.
            Return False
        End If
    End Function
    ' Method that is called when the PropertyChanged event is handled.
    Private Function OnMyPropertyChanged( _
    ByVal entityChangedInfo As EntityChangedParams) As Boolean
        ' Validate a changed order to ensure that changes are not made 
        ' after the order ships.
        If entityChangedInfo.Entity.GetType() Is GetType(Order) AndAlso _
            (CType(entityChangedInfo.Entity, Order).ShippedDate < DateTime.Today) Then
            Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
                "The order {0} cannot be changed because it shipped on {1}.", _
                CType(entityChangedInfo.Entity, Order).OrderID, _
                CType(entityChangedInfo.Entity, Order).ShippedDate))
            Return False
        Else
            Return True
        End If
    End Function
    Private Sub deleteButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As RoutedEventArgs)
        ' Get the Orders binding collection.
        If customerIDComboBox.SelectedItem IsNot Nothing Then
            Dim trackedOrders As DataServiceCollection(Of Order) = _
                (CType(customerIDComboBox.SelectedItem, Customer)).Orders

            ' Remove the currently selected order.
            trackedOrders.Remove(CType(ordersDataGrid.SelectedItem, Order))
        End If
    End Sub
    Private Sub saveChangesButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As RoutedEventArgs)
        Try
            ' Save changes to the data service.
            context.SaveChanges()
        Catch ex As Exception
            MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

The following XAML defines the window for the previous example.

<Window x:Class="CustomerOrdersCustom"
             xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
             xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006" 
             Height="423" Width="679" Loaded="Window_Loaded" >
    <StackPanel Orientation="Vertical" Height="Auto" Name="LayoutRoot" Width="Auto">
        <Label Content="Customer ID" Margin="20,0,0,0" />
        <ComboBox Name="customerIDComboBox" DisplayMemberPath="CustomerID" ItemsSource="{Binding}" 
                  IsSynchronizedWithCurrentItem="True" SelectedIndex="0" Height="23" Width="120" 
                  HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="20,0,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Center" />
        <ListView ItemsSource="{Binding Path=Orders}" Name="ordersDataGrid" Margin="34,46,34,50">
            <ListView.View>
                <GridView AllowsColumnReorder="False" ColumnHeaderToolTip="Line Items">
                    <GridViewColumn DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Path=OrderID, Mode=OneWay}" 
                        Header="Order ID" Width="50"/>
                    <GridViewColumn DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Path=OrderDate, Mode=TwoWay}" 
                        Header="Order Date" Width="50"/>
                    <GridViewColumn DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Path=Freight, Mode=TwoWay}" 
                        Header="Freight Cost" Width="50"/>
                </GridView>
            </ListView.View>
        </ListView>
        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
            <Button Name="deleteButton" Content="Delete Order" Click="deleteButton_Click" 
                Width="80" Height="30" Margin="450,0,10,0"/>
            <Button Name="saveChangesButton" Content="Save Changes" Click="saveChangesButton_Click" 
                Width="80" Height="30" Margin="10,0,0,0"/>
        </StackPanel>
    </StackPanel>
</Window>

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