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How to: Customize Feeds with the Reflection Provider (WCF Data Services)

WCF Data Services enables you to customize the Atom serialization in a data service response so that properties of an entity may be mapped to unused elements that are defined in the AtomPub protocol. This topic shows how to define mapping attributes for the entity types in a data model that is defined by using the reflection provider. For more information, see Feed Customization (WCF Data Services).

The data model for this example is defined in the topic How to: Create a Data Service Using the Reflection Provider (WCF Data Services)

In the following example, both properties of the Order type are mapped to existing Atom elements. The Product property of the Item type is mapped to a custom feed attribute in a separate namespace.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data.Services;
using System.Data.Services.Common;
using System.Linq;

namespace CustomDataService
{
    [EntityPropertyMappingAttribute("Customer", 
        SyndicationItemProperty.AuthorName,
        SyndicationTextContentKind.Plaintext, true)]
    [EntityPropertyMapping("OrderId", 
        SyndicationItemProperty.Title, 
        SyndicationTextContentKind.Plaintext, false)]
    [DataServiceKeyAttribute("OrderId")]
    public class Order
    {
        public int OrderId { get; set; }
        public string Customer { get; set; }
        public IList<Item> Items { get; set; }
    }
    [EntityPropertyMappingAttribute("Product", "productname",
     "orders", "http://schema.examples.microsoft.com/dataservices", true)]
    [DataServiceKeyAttribute("Product")]
    public class Item
    {
        public string Product { get; set; }
        public int Quantity { get; set; }
    }
    public partial class OrderItemData
    {
        #region Populate Service Data
        static IList<Order> _orders;
        static IList<Item> _items;
        static OrderItemData()
        {
            _orders = new Order[]{
              new Order(){ OrderId=0, Customer = "Peter Franken", Items = new List<Item>()},
              new Order(){ OrderId=1, Customer = "Ana Trujillo", Items = new List<Item>()}};
            _items = new Item[]{
              new Item(){ Product="Chai", Quantity=10 },
              new Item(){ Product="Chang", Quantity=25 },
              new Item(){ Product="Aniseed Syrup", Quantity = 5 },
              new Item(){ Product="Chef Anton's Cajun Seasoning", Quantity=30}};
            _orders[0].Items.Add(_items[0]);
            _orders[0].Items.Add(_items[1]);
            _orders[1].Items.Add(_items[2]);
            _orders[1].Items.Add(_items[3]);
        }
        #endregion
        public IQueryable<Order> Orders
        {
            get { return _orders.AsQueryable(); }
        }
        public IQueryable<Item> Items
        {
            get { return _items.AsQueryable(); }
        }
    }

    public class OrderItems : DataService<OrderItemData>
    {
        // This method is called only once to initialize 
        //service-wide policies. 
        public static void InitializeService(DataServiceConfiguration
                                             config)
        {
            config.SetEntitySetAccessRule("Orders",
               EntitySetRights.AllRead |
               EntitySetRights.AllWrite);
            config.SetEntitySetAccessRule("Items",
                EntitySetRights.AllRead |
                EntitySetRights.AllWrite);
            config.DataServiceBehavior.MaxProtocolVersion = 
                DataServiceProtocolVersion.V2;
        }
    }
}

The previous example returns the following result for the URI http://myservice/OrderItems.svc/Orders(0)?$expand=Items.

<entry xml:base="http://localhost:12345/OrderItems.svc/" 
       xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices" 
       xmlns:m="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/metadata" 
       xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom">
  <id>http://localhost:12345/OrderItems.svc/Orders(0)</id>
  <title type="text">0</title>
  <updated>2009-07-25T21:12:30Z</updated>
  <author>
    <name>Peter Franken</name>
  </author>
  <link rel="edit" title="Order" href="Orders(0)" />
  <link rel="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/related/Items" 
        type="application/atom+xml;type=feed" title="Items" href="Orders(0)/Items">
    <m:inline>
      <feed>
        <title type="text">Items</title>
        <id>http://localhost:12345/OrderItems.svc/Orders(0)/Items</id>
        <updated>2009-07-25T21:12:30Z</updated>
        <link rel="self" title="Items" href="Orders(0)/Items" />
        <entry>
          <id>http://localhost:12345/OrderItems.svc/Items('Chai')</id>
          <title type="text" />
          <updated>2009-07-25T21:12:30Z</updated>
          <author>
            <name />
          </author>
          <link rel="edit" title="Item" href="Items('Chai')" />
          <category term="CustomDataService.Item" 
                    scheme="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/scheme" />
          <content type="application/xml">
            <m:properties>
              <d:Product>Chai</d:Product>
              <d:Quantity m:type="Edm.Int32">10</d:Quantity>
            </m:properties>
          </content>
          <orders:productname 
            xmlns:orders="http://schema.examples.microsoft.com/dataservices">Chai</orders:productname>
        </entry>
        <entry>
          <id>http://localhost:12345/OrderItems.svc/Items('Chang')</id>
          <title type="text" />
          <updated>2009-07-25T21:12:30Z</updated>
          <author>
            <name />
          </author>
          <link rel="edit" title="Item" href="Items('Chang')" />
          <category term="CustomDataService.Item" 
                    scheme="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/scheme" />
          <content type="application/xml">
            <m:properties>
              <d:Product>Chang</d:Product>
              <d:Quantity m:type="Edm.Int32">25</d:Quantity>
            </m:properties>
          </content>
          <orders:productname 
            xmlns:orders="http://schema.examples.microsoft.com/dataservices">Chang</orders:productname>
        </entry>
      </feed>
    </m:inline>
  </link>
  <category term="CustomDataService.Order" 
            scheme="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices/scheme" />
  <content type="application/xml">
    <m:properties>
      <d:Customer>Peter Franken</d:Customer>
    </m:properties>
  </content>
</entry>
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