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FAI contents table: A table of folder associated information (FAI) Message objects that are stored in a Folder object.

FastTransfer context: Either a FastTransfer download context or a FastTransfer upload context.

FastTransfer download context: A Server object that represents a context for a FastTransfer download.

FastTransfer stream: A binary format for encoding full or partial folder and message data. It can also encode information about differences between mailbox replicas.

FastTransfer upload context: A Server object that represents a context for a FastTransfer upload.

FAT32 file system: A derivative of the file allocation table (FAT) file system. FAT32 supports smaller cluster sizes and larger volumes than FAT, which results in more efficient space allocation on FAT32volumes. FAT32 uses 32-bit addressing.

fax message: (1) A Message object that contains a digital representation of content received from a fax machine.

(2) See message.

field: (1) An element or attribute (1) in a data source that can contain data.

(2) A container for metadata within a SharePoint list and associated list items.

(3) A discrete unit of a record that has a name, a data type, and a value.

(4) The data elements that constitute an Entity in a line-of-business (LOB) system.

(5) An attribute or role of an entity.

file: (1) A single, discrete unit of content.

(2) An entity of data in the file system that a user can access and manage. A file must have a unique name in its directory. It consists of one or more streams of bytes that hold a set of related data, plus a set of attributes (also called properties) that describe the file or the data within the file. The creation time of a file is an example of a file attribute.

(3) A unit of data in the file system. An encrypted file consists of encrypted data along with the metadata required for a user to decrypt the file. The file and its metadata are protected using public key cryptography such that an authorized user's private key is required to decrypt the file.

(4) A file is a typed data stream. A file does not imply storage of the data stream in any particular medium or with any particular organization, or, for example, in a file system (italic is used when referring to traditional files).

file allocation table (FAT): A data structure that the operating system creates when a volume is formatted by using FAT or FAT32file systems. The operating system stores information about each file in the FAT so that it can retrieve the file later.

File Allocation Table (FAT): A file system that is used by MS-DOS and Windows operating systems to organize and manage files.

File Replication Service (FRS): One of the services offered by a domain controller (DC), which is advertised through the Domain Controller Location protocol. The service being offered to clients is a replicated data storage volume that is associated with the default naming context (NC). The running or paused state of the FRS on a DC is available through protocols documented in [MS-ADTS] section 6.3.

file system: (1) A system that enables applications to store and retrieve files on storage devices. Files are placed in a hierarchical structure. The file system specifies naming conventions for files and the format for specifying the path to a file in the tree structure. Each file system consists of one or more drivers and DLLs that define the data formats and features of the file system. File systems can exist on the following storage devices: diskettes, hard disks, jukeboxes, removable optical disks, and tape backup units.

(2) A system that enables applications to store and retrieve files on storage devices. Files are placed in a hierarchical structure. The file system specifies naming conventions for files and the format for specifying the path to a file in the tree structure. Each file system consists of one or more drivers and DLLs that define the data formats and features of the file system. File systems can exist on the following storage devices: diskettes, hard disks, jukeboxes, removable optical disks, and tape backup units.

(3) A set of data structures for naming, organizing, and storing files in a volume. NTFS, FAT, and FAT32 are examples of file system types.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP): A member of the TCP/IP suite of protocols that is used to copy files between two computers on the Internet if both computers support their respective FTP roles. One computer is an FTP client and the other is an FTP server.

final ICS state: An Incremental Change Synchronization (ICS) state that is provided by a server upon completion of an ICS operation. A final ICS state is a checkpoint ICS state that is provided at the end of the ICS operation.

flags: A set of values used to configure or report options or settings.

floating: A time that is interpreted in an observer's location and does not necessarily translate into the same Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) time in different locations, as described in [RFC2445]. For example, a reminder for an appointment that starts at 1/1/2008 at 2:00 P.M. floating time would signal two hours earlier in Athens than in London.

folder: (1) A file system construct. File systems organize data by providing a hierarchy of objects, which are referred to as folders or directories, that contain files and can also contain other folders.

(2) A file system construct. File systems organize a volume's data by providing a hierarchy of objects known as folders or directories, which contain files.

(3) A container for files and other folders. A folder may be encrypted. The semantics of encrypting a folder are implementation-dependent. In the Windows implementation, encrypting a folder does not directly cause any data to be encrypted. Encrypting a folder in Windows has the following consequences of EFSRPC Metadata is created and stored with the folder and an NTFS attribute is set on the folder to signify that it is encrypted. NTFS checks this attribute when any new files or folders are created in the folder. NTFS will automatically encrypt any files or folders created within a folder that has this attribute set.

folder associated information (FAI): A collection of Message objects that are stored in a Folder object and are typically hidden from view by email applications. An FAI Message object is used to store a variety of settings and auxiliary data, including forms, views, calendar options, favorites, and category lists.

Folder object: A messaging construct that is typically used to organize data into a hierarchy of objects containing Message objects and folder associated information (FAI) Message objects.

foreign identifier: An identifier that is assigned to an entity by a foreign system, typically a client. It always has a form of an external identifier, but not all external identifiers are foreign identifiers.

forest: (1) One or more domains that share a common schema and trust each other transitively. An organization can have multiple forests. A forest establishes the security and administrative boundary for all objects that reside within the domains that belong to the forest. In contrast, a domain establishes the administrative boundary for managing objects, such as users, groups, and computers. In addition, each domain has individual security policies and trust relationships with other domains.

(2) In the Active Directory directory service, a forest is a set of naming contexts (NCs) consisting of one schema NC, one config NC, and one or more domain NCs. Because a set of NCs can be arranged into a tree structure, a forest is also a set of one or several trees of NCs.

(3) One or more domains that share a common schema and trust each other transitively. An organization can have multiple forests. A forest establishes the security and administrative boundary for all the objects that reside within the domains that belong to the forest. In contrast, a domain establishes the administrative boundary for managing objects, such as users, groups, and computers. In addition, each domain has individual security policies and trust relationships with other domains.

(4) In the Active Directory directory service, a forest is a set of naming contexts (NCs) consisting of one schema NC, one config NC, and one or more domain NCs. Because a set of NCs can be arranged into a tree structure, a forest is also a set of one or several trees of NCs.

(5) For Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), a set of naming contexts (NCs) consisting of one schema naming context (schema NC), one configuration naming context (config NC), one or more domain naming contexts (domain NCs), and zero or more application naming contexts (application NCs). Because a set of NCs can be arranged into a tree structure, a forest is also a set containing one or several trees of NCs. For AD LDS, a set of NCs consisting of one schema NC, one config NC, and zero or more application NCs. (In Microsoft documentation, an AD LDSforest is called a "configuration set".)

form: (1) A structured document with controls and spaces that are reserved for entering and displaying information. Forms can contain special coding for actions such as submitting and querying data.

(2) A document with a set of controls into which users can enter information. Controls on a form can be bound to elements in the data source of the form, such as fields and groups. See also bind.

form template: A file or set of files that defines the data structure, appearance, and behavior of a form (2).

format: (1) To submit a command for a volume to write metadata to the disk, which is used by the file system to organize the data on the disk. A volume is formatted with a specific file system.

(2) A data structure that is used to define the encoding of audio and video data. The actual structures are opaque to [MS-RDPEV].

(3) A set of flags that encapsulates text layout information such as alignment, text direction, and trimming.

forward link attribute: An attribute whose values include object references (for example, an attribute of syntax Object(DS-DN)). The forward link values can be used to compute the values of a related attribute, a back link attribute, on other objects. If an object o refers to object r in forward link attribute f, and there exists a back link attribute b corresponding to f, then a back link value referring to o exists in attribute b on object r. The relationship between the forward and back link attributes is expressed using the linkId attribute on the attributeSchema objects representing the two attributes. The forward link's linkId is an even number, and the back link's linkId is the forward link's linkId plus one. A forward link attribute can exist with no corresponding back link attribute, but not vice-versa. For more information, see [MS-ADTS].

forward link value: The value of a forward link attribute.

free/busy message: A message that is stored in a public folder and contains free/busy data.

free/busy status: A property of an appointment that indicates how an appointment on the calendar of an attendee or resource affects their availability.

front-end web server: A server that hosts webpages, performs processing tasks, and accepts requests from protocol clients and sends them to the appropriate back-end server for further processing.

FRS: See File Replication Service (FRS).

full reminder domain: The maximum scope that a client is allowed to use when searching for objects that have reminders enabled. The full reminder domain includes all folders except the following: Deleted Items, Junk Email, Drafts, Outbox, Conflicts, Local Failures, Server Failures, and Sync Issues.

full update: A Meeting Update object that includes a change to the recurrence pattern or the date or time, and requires a response from attendees.

fully qualified domain name (FQDN): (1) An unambiguous domain name (2) that gives an absolute location in the Domain Name System's (DNS) hierarchy tree, as defined in [RFC1035] section 3.1 and [RFC2181] section 11.

(2) In Active Directory, a fully qualified domain name (FQDN) (1) that identifies a domain.

(3) A fully qualified domain name (FQDN) (1) that does not include the “ldap/” prefix.

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