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FileInfo.Replace Method (String, String, Boolean)

Replaces the contents of a specified file with the file described by the current FileInfo object, deleting the original file, and creating a backup of the replaced file. Also specifies whether to ignore merge errors.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(false)]
public FileInfo Replace(
	string destinationFileName,
	string destinationBackupFileName,
	bool ignoreMetadataErrors
)

Parameters

destinationFileName
Type: System.String

The name of a file to replace with the current file.

destinationBackupFileName
Type: System.String

The name of a file with which to create a backup of the file described by the destFileName parameter.

ignoreMetadataErrors
Type: System.Boolean

true to ignore merge errors (such as attributes and ACLs) from the replaced file to the replacement file; otherwise false.

Return Value

Type: System.IO.FileInfo
A FileInfo object that encapsulates information about the file described by the destFileName parameter.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

The path described by the destFileName parameter was not of a legal form.

-or-

The path described by the destBackupFileName parameter was not of a legal form.

ArgumentNullException

The destFileName parameter is null.

FileNotFoundException

The file described by the current FileInfo object could not be found.

-or-

The file described by the destinationFileName parameter could not be found.

PlatformNotSupportedException

The current operating system is not Microsoft Windows NT or later.

The Replace method replaces the contents of a specified file with the contents of the file described by the current FileInfo object. It also creates a backup of the file that was replaced. Finally, it returns a new FileInfo object that describes the overwritten file.

Caution noteCaution

This method will succeed in Windows 2000 environments if the destFileName is read-only and will not raise an exception. Use the IsReadOnly property to check if the destination file is read-only before attempting to replace it.

Pass null to the destBackupFileName parameter if you do not want to create a backup of the file being replaced.

The following example uses the Replace method to replace a file with another file and create a backup of the replaced file.

using System;
using System.IO;

namespace FileSystemExample
{
    class FileExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {
                // originalFile and fileToReplace must contain the path to files that already exist in the   
                // file system. backUpOfFileToReplace is created during the execution of the Replace method. 

                string originalFile  = "test.txt";
                string fileToReplace = "test2.txt";
                string backUpOfFileToReplace = "test2.txt.bak";

                if (File.Exists(originalFile) && (File.Exists(fileToReplace)))
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Move the contents of " + originalFile + " into " + fileToReplace + ", delete "
                        + originalFile + ", and create a backup of " + fileToReplace + ".");

                    // Replace the file.
                    ReplaceFile(originalFile, fileToReplace, backUpOfFileToReplace);

                    Console.WriteLine("Done");
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Either the file {0} or {1} doesn't " + "exist.", originalFile, fileToReplace);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }

            Console.ReadLine();
        }

        // Move a file into another file, delete the original, and create a backup of the replaced file. 
        public static void ReplaceFile(string fileToMoveAndDelete, string fileToReplace, string backupOfFileToReplace)
        {
            // Create a new FileInfo object.
            FileInfo fInfo = new FileInfo(fileToMoveAndDelete);

            // replace the file.
            fInfo.Replace(fileToReplace, backupOfFileToReplace, false);
        }
    }
}
//Move the contents of test.txt into test2.txt, delete test.txt, and  
//create a backup of test2.txt. 
//Done

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

  • FileIOPermission 

    Associated enumerations: Read , Write

    Security Action: Demand.

    For permission to read and write to the current file and the file described by the destFileName parameter.

  • FileIOPermission 

    Associated enumeration: Write

    Security Action: Demand.

    For permission to write to file described by the destBackupFileName parameter if one is specified.

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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