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Calendar Web Server Control Declarative Syntax

Displays a one-month calendar that allows the user to select dates and move to the next or previous month.


<asp:Calendar
    AccessKey="string"
    BackColor="color name|#dddddd"
    BorderColor="color name|#dddddd"
    BorderStyle="NotSet|None|Dotted|Dashed|Solid|Double|Groove|Ridge|
        Inset|Outset"
    BorderWidth="size"
    Caption="string"
    CaptionAlign="NotSet|Top|Bottom|Left|Right"
    CellPadding="integer"
    CellSpacing="integer"
    CssClass="string"
    DayNameFormat="Full|Short|FirstLetter|FirstTwoLetters|Shortest"
    Enabled="True|False"
    EnableTheming="True|False"
    EnableViewState="True|False"
    FirstDayOfWeek="Sunday|Monday|Tuesday|Wednesday|Thursday|Friday|
        Saturday|Default"
    Font-Bold="True|False"
    Font-Italic="True|False"
    Font-Names="string"
    Font-Overline="True|False"
    Font-Size="string|Smaller|Larger|XX-Small|X-Small|Small|Medium|
                Large|X-Large|XX-Large"
        Font-Strikeout="True|False"
    Font-Underline="True|False"
    ForeColor="color name|#dddddd"
    Height="size"
    ID="string"
    NextMonthText="string"
    NextPrevFormat="CustomText|ShortMonth|FullMonth"
    OnDataBinding="DataBinding event handler"
    OnDayRender="DayRender event handler"
    OnDisposed="Disposed event handler"
    OnInit="Init event handler"
    OnLoad="Load event handler"
    OnPreRender="PreRender event handler"
    OnSelectionChanged="SelectionChanged event handler"
    OnUnload="Unload event handler"
    OnVisibleMonthChanged="VisibleMonthChanged event handler"
    PrevMonthText="string"
    runat="server"
    SelectedDate="string"
    SelectionMode="None|Day|DayWeek|DayWeekMonth"
    SelectMonthText="string"
    SelectWeekText="string"
    ShowDayHeader="True|False"
    ShowGridLines="True|False"
    ShowNextPrevMonth="True|False"
    ShowTitle="True|False"
    SkinID="string"
    Style="string"
    TabIndex="integer"
    TitleFormat="Month|MonthYear"
    ToolTip="string"
    UseAccessibleHeader="True|False"
    Visible="True|False"
    VisibleDate="string"
    Width="size"
>
        <DayHeaderStyle/>
        <DayStyle/>
        <NextPrevStyle/>
        <OtherMonthDayStyle/>
        <SelectedDayStyle/>
        <SelectorStyle/>
        <TitleStyle/>
        <TodayDayStyle/>
        <WeekendDayStyle/>
</asp:Calendar>

The Calendar control is used to display a one-month calendar that allows the user to select dates and move to the next and previous months.

By setting the SelectionMode property, you can specify whether the user can select a single day, a week, or a month, or you can disable date selection entirely.

Setting the style properties for the different parts of the control customizes the appearance of the Calendar control. The following table lists the different style properties for the Calendar control.

Style object Description Style class

DayHeaderStyle

The style for the section of the calendar where the names of the days of the week appear.

TableItemStyle

DayStyle

The style for the individual days in the displayed month.

NoteNote

Weekends, the current date, and the selected day can have different styles by setting the WeekendDayStyle, TodayDayStyle, and SelectedDayStyle properties, respectively.

TableItemStyle

NextPrevStyle

The style for the sections at the left and right ends of the title bar where the month navigation LinkButton controls are located.

TableItemStyle

OtherMonthDayStyle

The style for the days from the previous and next month that appear on the current month view.

TableItemStyle

SelectedDayStyle

The style for the selected date.

NoteNote

If this property is not set, the style specified by the DayStyle property is used to display the selected date.

TableItemStyle

SelectorStyle

The style for the column on the left of the Calendar control containing links for selecting a week or the entire month.

TableItemStyle

TitleStyle

The style for the title bar at the top of the calendar containing the month name and month navigation links.

NoteNote

If NextPrevStyle is set, it overrides the style for the next and previous month navigation controls located at the ends of the title bar.

TableItemStyle

TodayDayStyle

The style for the current date.

NoteNote

If this property is not set, the style specified by the DayStyle property is used to display the current date.

TableItemStyle

WeekendDayStyle

The style for the weekend days.

NoteNote

If this property is not set, the style specified by the DayStyle property is used to display the weekend dates.

TableItemStyle

You can also control the appearance of the Calendar control by displaying or hiding different parts of the control. The following table lists the parts of the Calendar control that can be displayed or hidden.

Property Description

ShowDayHeader

Displays or hides the section that displays the days of the week.

ShowGridLines

Displays or hides the grid lines between the days of the month.

ShowNextPrevMonth

Displays or hides the navigation controls to the next or previous month.

ShowTitle

Displays or hides the title section.

Although binding to a data source is not supported in the Calendar control, you can modify the content and formatting of the individual date cells. Before the Calendar control is displayed on the Web page, it creates and assembles the components that make up the control. The DayRender event is raised when each date cell in Calendar control is created. You can control the contents and formatting of a date cell as it is created by providing code in the event handler for the DayRender event.

Note   The Calendar control renders JavaScript on the client browser. The client browser must have JavaScript enabled for this control to function properly. For more information on client script, see Client Script in ASP.NET Web Pages

For information about the properties supported for each style class, see Style Object Properties.

For detailed information on the Calendar control's properties and events, see the Calendar class documentation.

The following example shows a sample declaration for a Calendar control in an .aspx file. The declaration includes a number of style object properties and establishes the Date_Selected method as the handler for the SelectionChanged event.

<asp:Calendar id="Calendar2"
     OnSelectionChanged="Date_Selected"
     SelectionMode="DayWeekMonth"
     Font-Name="Verdana" 
     Font-Size="12px"
     NextPrevFormat="ShortMonth"
     SelectWeekText="week"
     SelectMonthText="month"
     runat="server">

   <TodayDayStyle Font-Bold="True"/>
   <DayHeaderStyle Font-Bold="True"/>
   <OtherMonthDayStyle ForeColor="gray"/>
   <TitleStyle BackColor="#3366ff"
               ForeColor="white"
               Font-Bold="True"/>

   <SelectedDayStyle BackColor="#ffcc66"
                     Font-Bold="True"/>
   <NextPrevStyle ForeColor="white"
                  Font-Size="10px"/>
   <SelectorStyle BackColor="#99ccff" 
                  ForeColor="navy"
                  Font-Size="9px"/>
</asp:Calendar>

The following example shows an event-handling method for a Calendar control's SelectionChanged event. By querying the SelectedDates parameter of the Calendar control, you can determine how many days are selected, and therefore whether the user selects a day, week, or month. Information about the selection is displayed in a Label Web server control.

protected void Date_Selected(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
   switch (Calendar1.SelectedDates.Count)
   {
      case (0):   //None
      {
         Label1.Text = "No dates are currently selected";
         break;
      }
      case (1):   //Day
      {
         Label1.Text = "The selected date is " + 
                       Calendar1.SelectedDate.ToShortDateString();
         break;
      }
      case (7):   //Week
      {
         Label1.Text = "The selection is a week beginning " + 
                       Calendar1.SelectedDate.ToShortDateString();
         break;
      }
      default:    //Month
         Label1.Text = "The selection is a month beginning " + 
                       Calendar1.SelectedDate.ToShortDateString();
         break;
   }
}

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