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XmlSerializer.Deserialize Method (Stream)

Deserializes the XML document contained by the specified Stream.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public Object Deserialize(
	Stream stream
)

Parameters

stream
Type: System.IO.Stream

The Stream that contains the XML document to deserialize.

Return Value

Type: System.Object
The Object being deserialized.

Deserialization is the process of reading an XML document and constructing an object that is strongly typed to the XML Schema (XSD) of the document.

Before deserializing, an XmlSerializer must be constructed using the type of the object that is being deserialized.

Use the stream parameter to specify an object that derives from the Stream class, which is designed to write to streams. Classes that derive from the Stream class include:

NoteNote

The XmlSerializer cannot deserialize the following: arrays of ArrayList and arrays of List<T>.

The following example deserializes an object using a Stream object.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

// This is the class that will be deserialized. 
public class OrderedItem
{
   [XmlElement(Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
   public string ItemName;
   [XmlElement(Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
   public string Description;
   [XmlElement(Namespace="http://www.cohowinery.com")]
   public decimal UnitPrice;
   [XmlElement(Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
   public int Quantity;
   [XmlElement(Namespace="http://www.cohowinery.com")]
   public decimal LineTotal;
   // A custom method used to calculate price per item. 
   public void Calculate()
   {
      LineTotal = UnitPrice * Quantity;
   }
}

public class Test
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Test t = new Test();
      // Read a purchase order.
      t.DeserializeObject("simple.xml");
   }

   private void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {   
      Console.WriteLine("Reading with Stream");
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer.
      XmlSerializer serializer = 
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(OrderedItem));

      // Declare an object variable of the type to be deserialized.
      OrderedItem i;

      using (Stream reader = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open))
      {
          // Call the Deserialize method to restore the object's state.
          i = (OrderedItem)serializer.Deserialize(reader);          
      }

      // Write out the properties of the object.
      Console.Write(
      i.ItemName + "\t" +
      i.Description + "\t" +
      i.UnitPrice + "\t" +
      i.Quantity + "\t" +
      i.LineTotal);
   }
}
<?xml version="1.0"?>
 <OrderedItem xmlns:inventory="http://www.cpandl.com" xmlns:money="http://www.cohowinery.com">
   <inventory:ItemName>Widget</inventory:ItemName>
   <inventory:Description>Regular Widget</inventory:Description>
   <money:UnitPrice>2.3</money:UnitPrice>
   <inventory:Quantity>10</inventory:Quantity>
   <money:LineTotal>23</money:LineTotal>
 </OrderedItem>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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