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/Zc:wchar_t (wchar_t Is Native Type)

/Zc:wchar_t

If /Zc:wchar_t is not specified, the compiler requires you to either define wchar_t or to include one of the many header files that defines it (for example, wchar.h). Typically, wchar_t is defined as an unsigned short.

When the /Zc:wchar_t compiler option is specified, the type wchar_t becomes a native type that maps to __wchar_t in the same way that short maps to __int16.

With /Zc:wchar_t, the compiler recognizes wchar_t as a native type. See Data Type Ranges for more information about wchar_t.

__wchar_t is always available.

By providing overloads for both the unsigned short and __wchar_t variations of wchar_t, you can create libraries that can easily be linked with code compiled with or without /Zc:wchar_t and avoid the need to provide two different builds of the library (one with and one without /Zc:wchar_t enabled).

When /Zc:wchar_t is specified, _WCHAR_T_DEFINED and _NATIVE_WCHAR_T_DEFINED symbols are defined; see Predefined Macros for more information.

For more information about conformance issues with Visual C++, see Standard Compliance Issues in Visual C++.

To set this compiler option in the Visual Studio development environment

  1. Open the project's Property Pages dialog box. For details, see Setting Visual C++ Project Properties.
  2. Click the C/C++ folder.
  3. Click the Language property page.
  4. Modify the Treat wchar_t as Built-in Type property.

To set this compiler option programmatically

See TreatWChar_tAsBuiltInType Property.

See Also

/Zc (Conformance)

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