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Areas and iterations field reference

You use the area and iteration fields to categorize work into product areas and iteration or sprint cycles. These fields display entries in a hierarchical or tree structure. These structures are useful for assigning work to specific project areas and time durations, as well as filtering project information in charts and reports. For more information and examples of tree structures for areas and iterations, see Add and modify area and iteration paths.

You can assign the area and iteration fields to most work item types that are provided with the default process templates for Team Foundation Server. You specify values for the area and iteration fields when you create a work item or during a review of the product or iteration backlog. If you defer a work item to a later time, you should change its iteration accordingly.

The following table lists the fields that you can use to categorize work items into areas or iterations. All of these fields appear on the forms for all work item types that TFS process templates provide. For information about data types and default field attributes, see Define and modify work item fields.

Important note Important

If you define a path name that is longer than 256 characters, you will not be able to specify it in Microsoft Project. To avoid this problem, define path names of no more than 10 characters, and do not nest nodes more than 14 levels deep.

For additional restrictions, see restrictions in terms of naming and structuring child nodes.

Field name

Description

Reference name

Data type

Default value of the reportable type attribute

Default value of the index attribute

Area Path

Groups work items into product feature or team areas. The area must be a valid node in the project hierarchy.

System.AreaPath

TreePath

Dimension

True

Iteration Path

Groups work items by named sprints or time periods. The iteration must be a valid node in the project hierarchy.

System.IterationPath

TreePath

Dimension

True

The following fields do not appear on work item forms but are tracked for each work item type. These fields provide a numeric value for each classification value that is defined for a team project. You can use these fields to filter queries and create reports.

Field name

Description

Reference name

Data type

Default value of the reportable type attribute

Default value of the index attribute

Area ID

The unique ID of the area to which this work item is assigned.

System.AreaId

Integer

None

True

Iteration ID

The unique ID of the iteration to which this work item is assigned.

System.IterationId

Integer

None

True

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