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CA2146: Types must be at least as critical as their base types and interfaces

TypeName

TypesMustBeAtLeastAsCriticalAsBaseTypes

CheckId

CA2146

Category

Microsoft.Security

Breaking Change

Breaking

A transparent type is derived from a type that is marked with the SecuritySafeCriticalAttribute or the SecurityCriticalAttribute, or a type that is marked with the SecuritySafeCriticalAttribute attribute is derived from a type that is marked with the SecurityCriticalAttribute attribute.

This rule fires when a derived type has a security transparency attribute that is not as critical as its base type or implemented interface. Only critical types can derive from critical base types or implement critical interfaces, and only critical or safe-critical types can derive from safe-critical base types or implement safe-critical interfaces. Violations of this rule in level 2 transparency result in a TypeLoadException for the derived type.

To fix this violation, mark the derived or implementing type with a transparency attribute that is at least as critical as the base type or interface.

Do not suppress a warning from this rule.

using System;
using System.Security;

namespace TransparencyWarningsDemo
{

    [SecuritySafeCritical]
    public class SafeCriticalBase
    {
    }

    // CA2156 violation - a transparent type cannot derive from a safe critical type.  The fix is any of: 
    //   1. Make SafeCriticalBase transparent 
    //   2. Make TransparentFromSafeCritical safe critical 
    //   3. Make TransparentFromSafeCritical critical 
    public class TransparentFromSafeCritical : SafeCriticalBase
    {
    }

    [SecurityCritical]
    public class CriticalBase
    {
    }

    // CA2156 violation - a transparent type cannot derive from a critical type.  The fix is any of: 
    //   1. Make CriticalBase transparent 
    //   2. Make TransparentFromCritical critical 
    public class TransparentFromCritical : CriticalBase
    {
    }

    // CA2156 violation - a safe critical type cannot derive from a critical type.  The fix is any of: 
    //   1. Make CriticalBase transparent 
    //   2. Make CriticalBase safe critical 
    //   3. Make SafeCriticalFromCritical critical
    [SecuritySafeCritical]
    public class SafeCriticalFromCritical : CriticalBase
    {
    }

}
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