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packetization time (P-time): The amount, in milliseconds, of audio data that is sent in a single Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) packet.

page: A file that consists of HTML and can include references to graphics, scripts, or dynamic content such as Web Parts.

page break: (1) The point at which one page ends and another begins, in the context of printing.

(2) A divider that breaks a worksheet into separate pages for printing. Page breaks are inserted automatically based on the paper size, margin settings, scaling options, and the positions of any page breaks that are inserted manually.

Page Break Preview view: A worksheet view that displays the areas to be printed and the locations of page breaks.

page content dependency: A directed relationship between two pages, such that changes to content in one page are reflected automatically in the other, dependent page.

page field parameter: A PivotTable page field that is also a workbook parameter.

page field substitution: A substitution of fields that are embedded in a page and are replaced during processing.

page hop: The process of traversing from one item to another during a crawl. See also site hop.

page layout: A dynamic web template that is stored as a document. It contains content placeholders that bind to fields (3) of a publishing page. A page layout has an associated content type that determines which publishing pages it can be bound to.

Page Layout view: A sheet view that displays a sheet as it would appear on a printed page, including margins, header and footer elements, and pagination.

page navigation dependency: A directed relationship between two pages, such that changes to navigation in one page are reflected automatically in the other dependent page. See also page content dependency.

page type: An integer that specifies the type of a page.

paged view: A view that supports one or more visual pages. A paged view is used to break large sets of data into smaller sets for increased performance and manageability.

PageNumberFilter: A FilterDescriptor type that is used when querying a line-of-business (LOB) system. Its value can be the sequence number of the batch to return, if the LOB system can return data in batches.

pane: A portion of a software window that has a distinct function and is bounded by and separated from other portions of the window by vertical or horizontal bars.

Pane control: A type of toolbar control that hosts a window within itself. The hosted window is not constrained by the layout and control type options of a basic toolbar or a menu toolbar.

Parameter: A type of MetadataObject that represents the formal parameters of a piece of business logic (2) in a line-of-business (LOB) system. Parameters have a single root TypeDescriptor that defines the structure of the Parameter. They also have a Direction and a TypeReflector. Parameters are contained by Methods.

parent directory indicator: In a hierarchical filing system, two periods followed by a backslash (..\) that specify a working directory, relative to the current working directory.

parent item: An item that contains a link to another item.

parent list: A list (1) that contains a list item or list folder.

parent site: The site that is above the current site in the hierarchy of the site collection.

parking lot: A collection of one or more orbits that were configured by a call park service (CPS). Each parked call is uniquely identified by the orbit that is assigned to it.

participant: (1) An actor in an activity flow. A participant can be either an initiator or a target.

(2) A user who is participating in a conference or peer-to-peer call, or the object that is used to represent that user.

partition: (1) An area within a shared services database, such as an area that isolates different tenants within a service, or the process of creating such an area in a shared services database.

(2) A storage block that contains the content in binary files or metadata about file content.

partition identifier: A GUID that identifies a partition (1).

partitioned table: A table that is built on a partition scheme and whose data is divided horizontally into units that can be spread across more than one file group in a database.

PasswordCredentialFilter: A FilterDescriptor type that is used when querying a line-of-business (LOB) system and can hold the password of an account that is defined in that system. When it is used in conjunction with a UsernameCredentialFilter, an LOB system can use the PasswordCredentialFilter value to restrict access to data for an account.

path component: Data that identifies a resource within the scope of a scheme and authority in a URI, as described in [RFC3986].

path segment: A portion of a URI, as described in [RFC3986]. See also path component.

pattern color: The color of the background pattern that is specified for a cell.

pattern fill: A state of a cell in which a background pattern is specified.

pattern mask: Any of the set of patterns that specify a design for the background of a cell.

patterned overlay mask: See pattern mask.

peer: An additional endpoint (5) that is associated with an endpoint in a session. An example of a peer is the callee endpoint for a caller endpoint.

peer-derived candidate: A candidate whose transport addresses are new mapping addresses, typically allocated by NATs, that are discovered during connectivity checks.

permission: A rule that is associated with an object to regulate which users can gain access to the object and in what manner. See also rights.

permission level: A set of permissions that can be granted to principals or SharePoint groups on an entity such as a site, list, folder, item, or document.

permissions mask: A value that indicates the permissions that are specified in an access control entry (ACE).

persist: The process of storing data in a memory medium that does not require electricity to maintain the data that it stores. Examples of such mediums are hard disks, CDs, non-volatile RAM, and memory sticks.

persist object: A top-level object that can be independently persisted and that forms the basis of an incremental save model. A persist object is one of the following: presentation document, main master slide, title master slide, handout master slide, notes master slide, presentation slide, notes slide, OLE object storage, or VBA project storage.

personal site: A type of SharePoint site that is used by an individual user for personal productivity. The site appears to the user as My Site.

personal view: A view of a list that is created by a user for personal use. The view is unavailable to other users.

personal Web Part: A Web Part that was added to the personal view of a Web Parts Page and is available only to the user who added it.

personalization data: Customized data that is stored for a set of Web Parts. The data can be shared by all users or be specific to an individual user.

personalized Web Parts Page: A Web Parts Page that has been modified by a user for personal use. The view of the Web Parts Page is unavailable to other users.

P-frame: A predicative video frame that references a previous frame. Also referred to as inter-coded frame or inter-frame.

phonetic display name: A user profile property that can be used to specify the correct pronunciation of a user's display name.

phonetic guide: A set of supplemental phonetic symbols that appears above text in Japanese and other East Asian languages. A phonetic guide is displayed automatically and can be edited by the user.

phonetic information: A series of characters that appear above text in a cell and provide information that helps users pronounce the text.

phonetic string: A series of characters that appear above a string and provide information that helps users pronounce the string. Phonetic strings are typically used in East Asian languages.

phonetic text run: A series of characters that are within a phonetic string.

phrase break: A predefined character sequence that indicates a discontinuation in the text flow, such as sentence or paragraph breaks, of a managed property. A phrase break can affect the ranking value of an item through the proximity boost process, and NEAR or ONEAR query operators.

picture library: A type of document library that is optimized for storing digital pictures or graphics.

PivotChart: See PivotChart report.

PivotChart filter pane: A user interface element that displays a list of active fields in a PivotChart view and is used to apply filters to those fields.

PivotChart report: A chart that uses a PivotCache for source data and inherits filtering and sorting functionality from a PivotTable report.

PivotTable: An interactive table that summarizes large amounts of data from various sources by using format and calculation methods. Row and column headings can be rotated to view different summaries of the source data, filter the data, or display detail data for specific areas.

PivotTable area: A logical zone that is used to organize data in a PivotTable report.

PivotTable data field: A PivotTable field that is contained in the PivotTable area where data values are shown.

PivotTable field: An element in a PivotTable report that represents a logical collection of data. A PivotTable field can represent a dimension hierarchy or actual data values.

PivotTable field list: A user interface element that displays a list of all of the fields in a PivotTable report. It can be used to populate a PivotTable report and to manipulate the fields.

PivotTable filter parameter: The value that a filter on a PivotTable report is set to, which indicates that matching values are included in the result set.

PivotTable member: An individual data item within a specific dimension as it is displayed in a PivotTable report. For example, a member in the Geography dimension might be North America.

PivotTable page field: A filter in a PivotTable report that applies to all of the data in the report, including any hierarchies.

pixel: A discrete unit of display on a computer display device.

placeholder: A character or symbol that is used in place of an actual value, text, or object. The actual value that the placeholder represents is unknown or unavailable at the current time, or is not displayed for security reasons.

plot area: A portion of a chart area that contains the plotted data and axes.

pluggable security authentication: The ability to support alternate mechanisms for determining the identity of another entity.

point: A unit of measurement for fonts and spacing. A point is equal to 1/72 of an inch.

policy: A set of rules that governs all interactions with an object such as a document or item.

Popup control: A built-in or custom control on a menu bar or toolbar that displays a menu of related commands when clicked.

Portable Document Format (PDF): An Adobe Systems specification for electronic documents that use the Adobe Acrobat family of servers and readers. PDF-format files have a .pdf file name extension.

Portable Network Graphics (PNG): A bitmap graphics file format that uses lossless data compression and supports variable transparency of images (alpha channels) and control of image brightness on different computers (gamma correction). PNG-format files have a .png file name extension.

portal content: The main search catalog, which contains content sources and settings that are related to a crawl.

portal content project: A primary search catalog that contains all of the content sources and settings for an administrator-defined crawl.

portal site: A type of SharePoint site that can act as an umbrella to other sites and can be used by a large organization.

position index: A structure that is used to store information about the location of words in an indexed item. See also proximity search and proximity boost.

position occurrences: A structure that is used to store information about the location of each token in an indexed item.

postback: A process in which a webpage sends data back to the server that hosts the page.

post-query suggestions: An alternative search query that is related to the search query that was executed.

precision as displayed: A calculation setting that permanently changes stored values in cells from full precision (15 digits) to the currently displayed format, including the number of decimal places.

prefix match: A condition in which the value of a user profile property begins with a word that is the same as any word in the query text. For example, if the "description" property of a profile has the value "default user group," the query "default group" will prefix match because "default" is the first word in the value.

pre-query suggestions: A search query that is related to the search query that the user is typing.

presence: (1) A status indicator on a client device that is transmitted by using the Wide Area Network Device Presence Protocol (WAN DPP).

(2) A setting for the User field that determines whether instant-messaging status information appears with user names in that field.

presence information: A set of metadata for a client device, including IP address, port, and connection status.

Presence Information Data Format (PIDF): A data format that is used to exchange presence information.

presence server: A protocol server that uses Wide Area Network Device Presence Protocol (WAN DPP) to communicate presence information for client devices and to process both publish and subscribe messages from client devices.

presentation: A collection of slides that are intended to be viewed by an audience.

presentation broadcast: A feature that enables users to run a presentation over the web. The presentation is saved in HTML format and can contain audio and video. It can also be recorded and saved for viewing later.

presentation slide: A slide that contains the content that can be displayed during a slide show. A presentation slide can derive formatting and content from a main master slide or a title master slide.

presentity: An entity that provides presence information to a presence service.

primary key: A field or set of fields that uniquely identifies each record in a table. A primary key cannot contain a null value.

primary lookup field: A lookup field that returns all of the information that is needed to support lookup operations from one list to another. See also dependent lookup field.

primary pie: The main chart in a bar of pie or pie of pie chart. A primary pie chart has one pie slice (data point) that is a grouping of data points.

primary shortcut key: The default combination of keys that are pressed simultaneously to execute a command. See also secondary shortcut key.

principal aliaser: A component that associates a security principal identifier in one user store with an equivalent identifier in another user store.

principal aliaser identifier: A string that uniquely identifies a principal aliaser.

principal aliasing: A process that associates a security principal identifier in one user store with an equivalent identifier in another user store.

print area: A collection of one or more ranges of cells that are designated to be printed. If a worksheet includes a print area, only the content inside the print area is printed.

print settings: The settings that specify how a file is printed in a specific print job, such as duplex or landscape orientation. Printer settings are settings that can differ from printer to printer but apply to every print job of a given printer. Print settings are values that typically vary between print jobs.

print titles: The rows or columns (2) that appear on each page when a page is printed. Print titles are typically used to print column headers above tabular data that spans several printed pages.

print view: A document view that displays a document as it will appear on a printed page.

privacy level: A setting that specifies the category of users who are permitted to view personal information about other users, such as user profile properties, colleagues, or memberships.

private branch exchange (PBX): A server-based telephony solution that services a specific organization or office.

procedural module: A collection of subroutines and functions.

profile page: An ASP.NET webpage that includes Web Part controls that display data from a line-of-business (LOB) system. By default, it contains a single Web Part that displays the details of a single, primary EntityInstance. If the primary Entity has associated Entities and is the source of an Association, the profile page also contains a related Web Part for each associated Entity, and each related Web Part displays EntityInstances that are associated with the primary EntityInstance.

profile site: A page that can display detailed information about a user by using a URL prefix that can be concatenated with a login name, email address, or GUID that identifies the user.

profile subtype: A category within a specific type of profile that defines which profile properties apply to profiles that are associated with that category. A profile type can have more than one subtype.

ProgID: An identifier that is used by the Windows registry to uniquely identify an object and is in the form OLEServerName.ObjectName, for example, "Excel.Sheet" or "PowerPoint.Slide."

project package: An item in a VBA project that specifies a Designer class that can be extended in a designer module.

promoted document: An indexed item that is returned for search queries containing a keyword that is associated with the promotion search setting.

promoted expression: A type of query expression that is used to specify which items appear as promoted documents in query results.

promoted item: An indexed item that is promoted in search results based on one or more business rules. The item can be a promoted document, promoted location, or promoted expression.

promoted location: A location, such as a website or folder on a SharePoint site, that is promoted in query results. The promoted location is specified by a document identifier prefix and a rank boost value. All of the items that match the document identifier prefix are boosted in query results.

promotion: A search setting that can be associated with a set of keywords and that specifies the same query boost value for all of those keywords.

Property: A typed name/value pair that is associated with a MetadataObject. Properties enable consumers of a protocol client to annotate or decorate the MetadataObject with consumer-specific extensions. A MetadataObject can contain multiple Properties.

property bag: (1) A container that stores data but is not defined in the schema for a SharePoint list. Instead of interpreting data in a property bag, the server only passes the data in response to requests. See also metadict.

(2) A name/value pair that stores a property of a control or object, typically by using the IPropertyBag interface.

property context: A representation of a managed property in a context catalog.

property extraction: A process that extracts information from unstructured text in a document and stores that information as additional managed properties for the document.

property extractor: A feature that is part of the item processing component of a search service application and is used to identify and retrieve a specified type of information from unstructured text in items. The information is then stored as one or more additional managed properties of the item and can be used to refine query results.

property ID: A 16-bit numeric identifier of a specific attribute (1). A property ID does not include any property type information.

property identifier: A unique integer or a 16-bit, numeric identifier that is used to identify a specific attribute (1) or property.

property index: A unique data structure in a search index. It is used for query lookup operations against one or more property contexts. A property index is associated with a unique context dictionary.

property mapping: A table that specifies the relationships between fields and data structures in user profiles and fields and data structures in a directory service.

property oriented rank: A system that is used to rank items and is based on properties of an item in a metadata schema.

property promotion: A process in which a field in an InfoPath form is made available for display as a column in a SharePoint list or the name of an Outlook folder, or for use as a parameter in a Web Part connection.

property set storage: A collection of sets of properties, as described in [MS-OLEPS].

property tag: A 32-bit value that contains a property type and a property ID. The low-order 16 bits represent the property type. The high-order 16 bits represent the property ID.

property type: A 16-bit quantity that specifies the data type of a property value.

protected: A property that is applied manually to a file or a portion of a file, with or without a password, and that helps prevent users from accidentally or deliberately changing, moving, or deleting data.

protected content: Any content or information, such as a file, Internet message, or other object type, to which a rights-management usage policy is assigned and is encrypted according to that policy. See also Information Rights Management (IRM).

protection: A mechanism that helps restrict users from making unwanted changes to the data or structure of a workbook.

protocol: A URL Scheme, as described in [RFC1738], of which specific values can be unique to SharePoint Products and Technologies.

provision: The process of creating and deploying an object, and in some cases, populating an object with default data and settings.

provisional answer: An optional message that carries local candidates for a callee and can be sent by the callee in response to a caller's initial offer.

provisioned: A condition of an object that was created and deployed successfully.

proximity boost: A process that increases the rank of an item in query results, based on the distance between query terms, in either backward or forward order, in the item. If the query terms are close to each other in the item, the item has a higher rank value in query results.

proximity search: A type of search query that applies word-distance constraints to query results by including unordered and ordered NEAR operators in the query.

proxy: A computer, or the software that runs on it, that acts as a barrier between a network and the Internet by presenting only a single network address to external sites. By acting as a go-between that represents all internal computers, the proxy helps protects network identities while also providing access to the Internet.

public folder: A Folder object that is stored in a location that is publicly available.

public IM connectivity: The ability of a protocol server deployment to interoperate with a public instant messaging (IM) provider.

public switched telephone network (PSTN): The worldwide collection of public, circuit-switched telephone networks.

public view: A view of a list that is available to all users who have permission to access that list.

publish: (1) The process of making an InfoPath form template available for people to fill out by using Microsoft InfoPath or a web browser.

(2) The process of posting presence (1) information from a client device to a presence server by using the Wide Area Network Device Presence Protocol (WAN DPP).

(3) A SERVICE request that specifies which category (4) instances to publish for a presentity.

published: A condition of portions of a workbook that are marked as being available to the user when that workbook is processed by a protocol server.

published item: A specific named object that is in a published workbook.

published items snapshot: A snapshot that contains only the published items or published sheets from a workbook. If no published items are defined, a snapshot contains an entire workbook.

published range: A specific type of published item that represents a range of cells.

published sheet: A sheet (2) that is published.

published version: The version of a list item that is approved and can be seen by all users. The user interface (UI) version number for a published version is incremented to the next positive major version number and the minor version is "0" (zero). See also major version and minor version.

publisher: A SIP protocol client that is making a publish request.

publishing level: An integer that is assigned to a document to indicate the publishing status of that version of the document.

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