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cabinet (.cab) file: A single file that stores multiple compressed files to facilitate storage or transmission.

cached frame: A video frame that is cached for later use by an encoder and a decoder. A cached frame acts as a reference frame for the next Super P-frame (SP-frame). I-frames and SP-frames typically are cached frames.

calculate: The process by which computations in a workbook are performed.

calculated column: A column (2) in a table that contains a formula that is copied automatically to each record in the column.

calculation mode: A setting that determines whether the formulas in a worksheet are recalculated automatically or manually. See also automatic calculation mode and manual calculation mode.

Calendar object: A Message object that represents an event, which can be a one-time event or a recurring event. The Calendar object includes properties that specify event details such as description, organizer, date and time, and status.

calendar type: A 2-byte integer value that specifies the type of calendar to use in a specific context.

call: A communication between peers that is configured for a multimedia conversation.

call park service (CPS): A server endpoint (5) that allows a user agent to make a call inactive without terminating that call. The call can then be reactivated by the same user agent, by using the same or a different endpoint (5), or a different user agent. See also parking lot.

callback message: A message that is submitted by a protocol server and represents an asynchronous response to a request that was received by that server. Multiple callback messages can be associated with a request message.

callee: An endpoint (5) to which a call is initiated by a caller.

caller: An endpoint (5) that initiates a call to establish a media session.

camera picture: An image of a range of cells that is generated by using the camera tool. The image can be linked such that when the data in the source range changes, the image is updated automatically.

CAML: See Collaborative Application Markup Language (CAML).

canary: A token that stores data about an application or user session. Typically it is used by web services to help authenticate an application or user.

candidate: A set of transport addresses that form an atomic unit for use with a media session. For example, in the case of Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) there are two transport addresses for each candidate, one for RTP and another for the Real-Time Transport Control Protocol (RTCP). A candidate has properties such as type, priority, foundation, and base.

candidate pair: A set of candidates that is formed from a local candidate and a remote candidate.

canonical URL: An absolute URL that identifies a space, tool, or component the same way on any device.

canvas: An area upon which multiple shapes can be drawn or displayed. The shapes can be moved and resized as a unit because they are contained within the drawing canvas.

caption: One or more characters that can be used as a label for display purposes or as an identifier.

carbon copy (cc) recipient: In an Internet message, an addressee whose name is visible to other addressees and is not necessarily expected to take any action. The message is for informational purposes only for that addressee.

card selector: Software that enables a user to select a digital identity to transmit to a relying party. When a user selects a card, the card selector obtains the claims (2) from the associated claims provider and transmits those claims (2) to the relying party application on behalf of the user.

cascading behavior: A condition that applies to delete operations for list items that have related child items. It indicates that all related child items are deleted automatically when a parent item is deleted.

cascading style sheet (CSS): An extension to HTML that enables authors and users of HTML documents to attach style sheets to those documents, as described in [CSS-LEVEL1] and [CSS-LEVEL2]. A style sheet includes typographical information about the appearance of a page, including the font for text on the page.

catalog: A table that defines the structure and relationships of a set of tables in a database.

catalog provider: A program or function that processes requests to return manifests stored in the user’s file system, document server and mailbox server.

category: (1) A custom string that is used to group one or more documents.

(2) A string that is used as a suggestion for a document category on a site.

(3) A subdivision of items into useful groups such as geographical regions. For example, categories that represent geographical regions could be North, South, East, and West.

(4) An enhanced presence concept that is used by a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) client to publish or subscribe to presence (2) information. A category enables basic identification of the data that is being published; it implies an agreed-upon schema for interpreting the data. A category name identifies a contract between a publisher and a subscriber.

(5) A grouping of rows in a Table object that all have the same value for a specified property.

CDATA section: A section in an XML document that is bracketed by [!CDATA[ and ]] characters. All data in this section, including markup tags, is treated as normal characters by an XML parser.

cell: A box that is formed by the intersection of a row (2) and a column (2) in a worksheet or a table. A cell can contain numbers, strings, and formulas, and various formats can be applied to that data.

cell contents: The data inside a cell, such as text, values, formulas, and cell error values.

cell reference: A set of coordinates that a cell occupies on a worksheet. For example, "B3" is the reference of a cell that appears at the intersection of column "B" and row "3".

cell value: The text or numeric content of a cell, or the results of a formula. A cell value does not include a formula expression, cell formatting, or other metadata.

center-across-selection alignment: A formatting setting that centers cell content horizontally within a selected range of cells.

centered alignment: A formatting setting that specifies how content is positioned within the horizontal, vertical, or both horizontal and vertical space within a cell, object, or page. When centered, content is equidistant from the edges of the cell, object, or page.

Central Administration site: A SharePoint site that an administrator can use to manage all of the sites and servers in a server farm that is running SharePoint Products and Technologies.

change log: A log of changes, such as add and delete, that are made to objects that are stored on a back-end database server. Applications can use this information to identify changes that occurred on those objects.

change log identifier: An 8-byte integer that uniquely identifies an event in a change log. A change log identifier is assigned in monotonically increasing order.

change token: A serialized token that can be used to determine whether changes occurred in the system. It can also be used to deserialize packages in the correct sequence during import or restore operations.

ChangedIdEnumerator: A type of MethodInstance that can be called to retrieve EntityInstanceIds of EntityInstances that were modified in a line-of-business (LOB) system after a specified time.

channel URI: A part of a Request-URI message. It contains the URI scheme, host name, and optionally a port number for a channel, as described in [RFC3986].

character pitch: A quality that measures the number of characters that can be printed in a horizontal inch. Pitch is typically used to measure monospace fonts.

character set: (1) A mapping between the characters of a written language and the values that are used to represent those characters to a computer.

(2) The range of characters used to represent textual data within a MIMEbody part, as described in [RFC2046].

chart area: A region in a chart object that is used to position chart elements, render axes, and plot data.

chart data table: See data table (2).

chart sheet: A single logical container that is used to create and store charts in a workbook.

check in: The process of placing a file or project into a source repository. This releases the lock for editing and enables other users to view the updated file or check out the file. See also check out.

Check List: An ordered list of candidate pairs that determines the order in which connectivity checks are performed for those candidate pairs.

check out: The process of retrieving a writable copy of a file or project from a source repository. This locks the file for editing to prevent other users from overwriting or editing it inadvertently. See also check in.

checked out: A publishing level that indicates that a document has been created and locked for exclusive editing by a user in a version control system.

Cheetah: A process that is used to serialize and deserialize application-specific data types and pass those data types over a protocol interface.

Cheetah checksum: An integer that is specific to a set of Cheetah entities and is used to identify an implementation of a FAST middleware interface.

Cheetah entity: A named, user-defined type that is used to create, serialize, and deserialize complex data structures as parameters in remote method invocations. It can contain any number of attributes and Cheetah collections, which can be atomic types, such as int and float, or user-defined types, such as enumerations and entities.

child: An object that is immediately below the current object in a hierarchy.

child element: In an XML document, an element that is subordinate to and is contained by another element, which is referred to as the parent element.

child item query: A set of filters and options for retrieving child objects in a collection of CSOM Objects.

child PivotTable member: A PivotTable member that is one level lower in a dimension hierarchy, relative to another PivotTable member, which is referred to as its parent member. For example, a child of a Year member might be Quarter.

cipher block chaining (CBC): A method of operating a symmetric block cipher that uses feedback to combine previously generated cipher text with new plaintext. Each plaintext block is combined with the cipher text of the previous block by using a bitwise-XOR operation before it is encrypted.

claim: (1) A set of operations that are performed on a workflow task to specify the user who owns it.

(2) A statement that one subject makes about itself or another subject. For example, the statement can be about a name, identity, key, group, privilege, or capability. Claims have a provider that issues them, and they are given one or more values. They are also defined by a claim value type and, possibly, associated metadata.

claim issuer: A claims provider that issues a claim (2).

claim type: A statement that is part of a claim (2) and provides context for a claim value. It represents the type of claim and is typically a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI). Examples include FirstName and Role.

claim value: A string that represents the value of a statement in a claim (2). It specifies what is being asserted by a claim.

claim-based authentication mode: A set of operations that is used to establish trust relationships between claims providers and relying party applications. It involves the exchange of identifying certificates (1) that make it possible for a relying party to trust the content of a claim (2) that is issued by a claims provider.

claims provider: A software component or service that can be used to issue a claim (2) during sign-in operations and to display, resolve, and provide search capabilities for claims in a card selector.

claims provider schema: A schema that is used to specify which fields can be returned as metadata for a claim (2) that is issued by a specific claims provider.

class identifier (CLSID): A universally unique identifier (UUID) that identifies a Component Object Model (COM) component. Each COM component has a CLSID in the Windows registry, which enables other applications to load the component.

class module: A module that contains the definition for a new object. Each instance of a class creates a new object, and procedures that are defined in the module become properties and methods of the object.

class name: The name that is used to refer to a class module that provides an implementation of a behavior.

clear all state: A condition in which no filter is applied to a worksheet, list, or PivotTable report.

clickthrough: The process of navigating from one Internet resource to another.

client proxy: A service, process, or file that allows a computer to serve as an interface device between a protocol client and a remote system by forwarding the invocation of remote methods to a protocol server for execution.

Client Scale Secure Real-Time Transport Protocol (Client Scale-SRTP): A protocol that is used by applications that receive media from and send media to only one peer. It is a variation of the Scale Secure Real-Time Transport Protocol (SSRTP), as described in [MS-SSRTP].

CLSID: See class identifier (CLSID).

co-authoring transition: An increase or decrease in the number of users who are currently editing a file.

codec: An algorithm that is used to convert media between digital formats, especially between raw media data and a format that is more suitable for a specific purpose. Encoding converts the raw data to a digital format. Decoding reverses the process.

Collaborative Application Markup Language (CAML): An XML-based language that is used to describe various elements, such as queries and views, in sites that are based on SharePoint Products and Technologies.

collapse: The process of closing a level in a dimension hierarchy on a PivotTable report to hide or aggregate lower-level details in the data.

collapsed outline state: A state in which the content that is nested within an outline is not displayed.

collation: A set of rules that determines how data is compared, ordered, and presented.

collation identifier: An integer that uniquely identifies the collation for an item in a list (1).

collation order: A rule for establishing a sequence for textual information.

collation sequence: In SQL, a set of rules that determines how data is compared, collated, and presented. Character data is sorted by using collation information, including locale, sort order, and case-sensitivity.

colleague: A user who has a social networking relationship with another user.

Colleague Tracker Web Part: A type of Web Part that users can add to a My Site to track changes to the profiles of their colleagues.

color gradient: A gradual progression from one color to another color, or from one shade to another shade of the same color.

color level: The intensity value of a color.

color palette: A collection of colors that is available to format text, shapes, cells, and chart elements.

color scale: A specific range of colors that is used to give additional meaning to data by assigning certain values to colors in the spectrum.

color scheme: A table of color values that enables colors to be referenced by an index value in the table instead of a color value. See also color palette.

color space: A system that describes color numerically by mapping color components to a multidimensional coordinate system. The number of dimensions is typically two, three, or four. For example, if colors are expressed as a combination of the three components red, green, and blue, a three-dimensional space can describe all possible colors. Grayscale colors can be mapped to a two-dimensional color space. If transparency is considered a component, four dimensions are appropriate. Also referred to as color model.

color stop: A color at a specific position in a color gradient.

column: (1) See field (3).

(2) A single set of data that is displayed vertically in a worksheet or a table.

(3) See column chart.

column banding: A table formatting option that applies background colors to alternating columns (2) to increase legibility.

column chart: A chart that displays data in vertical bars to facilitate data comparison.

column field: A field that is contained in the PivotTable area where the column (2) values are shown.

combined identifier: A unique identifier for an item. It consists of the document identifier (3) for the item, followed by an underscore and the name of the content collection that contains the item.

command tree: A combination of restrictions (1) and sort orders that are specified for a search query.

CommandText: An OLE DB command type that gets or sets the SQL statement or stored procedure to execute at the data source.

comment: An annotation that is associated with a cell, text, or other object to provide context-specific information or reviewer feedback.

Common Intermediate Format (CIF): A picture format, described in the H.263 standard, that is used to specify the horizontal and vertical resolutions of pixels in YCbCr sequences in video signals.

common language runtime (CLR): The core runtime engine in the Microsoft .NET Framework for executing applications. The common language runtime supplies managed code with services such as cross-language integration, code access security, object lifetime management, and debugging and profiling support.

Common Views folder: A special folder that contains the data for default views that are standard for a message store and can be used by any user of a client that accesses the message store.

compact axis: A state in which PivotTable members from different levels in a hierarchy are displayed in a single column (2).

compact URL: A unique string that identifies an item in a crawl URL history.

ComparisonFilter: A FilterDescriptor type that is used when querying a line-of-business (LOB) system. An LOB system can compare a ComparisonFilter value with the value of a specific Field of a set of EntityInstances and only those EntityInstances where the Field values pass the comparison test can be returned.

compilation constant: A Visual Basic identifier that is defined by using the #Const compiler directive or defined in the host application, and then used by other compiler directives to determine when or if certain blocks of Visual Basic code are compiled.

complete proximity boost: A process that increases the rank of an item in query results only if the query text matches the complete value of a managed property of the item.

complex type: An element that can contain other elements or attributes (1) and appears as <complexType> in an XML document. See also simple type.

component: A representation of a constituent transport address if a candidate consists of a set of transport addresses. For example, media streams that are based on the Real-Time Transfer Protocol (RTP) have two components, one for RTP and another for the Real-Time Transfer Control Protocol (RTCP).

component birth date: An integer that is associated with a full-text index component. It defines the order in which the components were created in a full-text index catalog.

component registry version: A property of a search component that is stored in the registry and contains a number that is used to ensure that the component is current. The number increases each time the settings are changed for that search component.

composite field index: An index that uses more than one column in a table to index data.

computed field: A field that can perform data manipulation and display functions by using the contents of other fields.

condition: A logical expression comparing one or more properties in all incoming Message objects against a set of clauses. This logical expression can evaluate to TRUE or FALSE.

conditional formatting: A mechanism that changes the appearance of a user interface element based on the evaluation of a rule or expression.

conference: A Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) session that includes more than one participant (2).

conference control command: See conference control request.

conference control request: A request that is sent by a conference client to modify a conference or the state of a conference participant.

conference URI (conference-URI): A Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)URI that uniquely identifies the focus of a conference.

Conference-Id: A string of printable ASCII characters that uniquely identifies a conference.

configuration database: A database that is stored on a back-end database server and contains both persisted objects and site collection metadata for lookup purposes.

configuration object: An object that contains configuration settings.

configuration object identifier: A GUID that is used to identify a configuration object.

configuration property: A property that is used to store some configuration settings for a search service.

confirmation: A message that asks a user to verify an action before the user performs it.

connected data: Data that is stored in the same workbook from which it is being referenced, or data that is stored in a database repository.

connection: (1) A link between two devices that uses the Simple Symmetric Transport Protocol (SSTP). Each connection can support one or more SSTP sessions.

(2) A link that two physical machines or applications share to pass data back and forth.

connection string: A series of arguments, delimited by a semicolon, that defines the location of a database and how to connect to it.

connectivity check: A Simple Traversal of UDP through NAT (STUN) binding request that is sent to validate connectivity between the local and remote candidates in a candidate pair.

contact: (1) A presence entity (presentity) whose presence information can be tracked.

(2) An object of the contact class that represents a company or person whom a user can contact.

(3) A person, company, or other entity that is stored in a directory and is associated with one or more unique identifiers and attributes (2), such as an Internet message address or login name.

container: A data model that is used to store published presence (1) information and a list of subscribers who are permitted to view that information. It enables a publisher to publish different data values of the same category (4) and instance, which enables different subscribers to see different values.

content app: An app for Office that appears within the content of a document.

content client: A protocol client that is used to submit items to a search service application for inclusion in a search index.

content collection: A collection of items that are stored in a search index and are associated with a unique identifier. Each content collection is associated with one or more data sources, and each data source is associated with a unique content collection.

content database: A database that is stored on a back-end database server and contains stored procedures, site collections, and the contents of those site collections.

content database lock: A mechanism that restricts access to a content database that is used to synchronize the database with job instances that are running on multiple protocol clients.

content distributor: A component of a search service application that receives item operations from a content client, submits those operations to one or more item processors, and receives and passes messages about the status of those items after they have been indexed.

content source: A set of options for specifying the type of content to be crawled and the start addresses for the content to be indexed. A content source is defined by the protocol handler that is used to access specific systems, such as SharePoint sites, file systems, and external websites. A content source can contain up to 500 start addresses.

content type: A named and uniquely identifiable collection of settings and fields that store metadata for individual items in a SharePoint list. One or more content types can be associated with a list, which restricts the contents to items of those types.

content type group: A named category of content types that is used to organize content types of a similar purpose.

content type identifier: A unique identifier that is assigned to a content type.

content type order: The sequence in which content types are displayed.

content type package: A file that contains the definition of and related objects for a content type.

content type resource folder: A folder that stores the resource files that are associated with a content type.

content type schema: An XML definition that describes the contents of a content type.

Content-Type header: A message header field whose value describes the type of data that is in the body of the message.

context boost: A process that increases the rank of an item in query results, based on which managed properties match the query. A context boost weight can be assigned to each managed property of a full-text index field.

context catalog: An index structure that represents a view of content that can be searched. There are three types of context catalogs: numeric, which contains all numeric managed properties; synthetic, which contains all textual managed properties that can be queried individually and do not support ranked queries; and full-text, which contains the index structures for a set of managed properties that support ranked queries.

context collection: A collection of event receivers of a specific context type.

context dictionary: A list of all of the terms that are stored in a context catalog.

context object: An object that represents the context of an event host for which an event receiver was registered.

context site: A site that corresponds to the context of the current request.

context type: A GUID that is used to classify an event receiver.

contextual search scope: A system-defined restriction that can optionally be added to a query to restrict the query results to items that are from a specific site or list.

contributing source (CSRC): A source of Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) packets that are processed by an RTP mixer to produce a combined stream (2), as described in [RFC3550].

control: A graphical user interface object that users interact with when working with applications, forms, documents, webpages, and other types of files.

control button: A button in the user interface.

controlled agent: An Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE) agent that waits for the controlling agent to select the final candidate pairs to be used.

controlling agent: An Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE) agent that is responsible for selecting and signaling the final candidate pair that is selected by connectivity checks. The controlling agent signals the final candidates in a Simple Traversal of UDP through NAT (STUN) binding request and an updated offer. In a session, one of the agents is a controlling agent and the other agent is a controlled agent.

conversion group: A data structure that contains information about one or more conversion items in a conversion job. The items are organized into a hierarchy that is based on input and output path values for the conversion items.

conversion item: A data structure that contains information about operations to convert a file from one file format to another. This information includes a unique identifier for the conversion item and the location of the source file to convert.

conversion job: A data structure that contains information about one or more conversion items or conversion groups that are associated with it. This information includes preferred settings for conversion operations to be performed for the conversion items that it contains.

cookie: A small data file that is stored on a user's computer and carries state information between participating protocol servers and protocol clients.

crawl: The process of traversing a URL space to acquire items to record in a search catalog.

crawl account: A user account that has access to all of the content that is traversed by a crawl component.

crawl collection: A set of websites that are crawled by using the same crawl configuration. A web crawler can crawl multiple crawl collections simultaneously.

crawl component: A search component that traverses content in a URL space and acquires items to be stored in a full-text index catalog and metadata index.

crawl limit: A configuration setting that specifies a limit for the maximum number of documents to be crawled and the minimum amount of free disk space that is required to store crawled documents.

crawl log: A set of properties that provides information about the results of crawling a display URL. The information includes whether the crawl was successful, the content source of the display URL, and the level, message, time, and identifier for any errors that occur.

crawl mapping: A mapping that associates an access URL, which is used to obtain an item from a content source, and a display URL, which is the address of the item.

crawl queue: A data structure that stores the list of items to crawl next.

crawl refetch: A process in which a web crawler revisits a previously crawled document, site, or set of URIs in a crawl configuration.

crawl refresh cycle: A time value that specifies when a web crawler is allowed to crawl a set of URLs again.

crawl routing: A process that is used to determine which node scheduler is responsible for processing a specific URI.

crawl rule: A set of preferences that applies to a specific URL or range of URLs. A crawl rule can be used to include or exclude items in a crawl and to specify the content access account to use when crawling that URL or range of URLs.

crawl site: A combination of a host name and port that is used to identify a server. The host name can be fully qualified.

crawl statistics cycle: A set of statistics that are aggregated for a specific crawl refresh cycle.

crawl status: The state of a crawl operation.

crawl store: A database that contains settings, stored procedures, and historical data about crawl operations.

crawl subcollection: A subset of websites that are part of a crawl collection and are crawled by using a crawl configuration that is different from other sites in that collection.

crawl topology: A configuration of one or more crawl components and crawl stores that are used when traversing a URL space to acquire items to record in a query topology or search index.

crawl URL history: A data structure that stores a list of URLs and their properties, such as when a URL was last crawled.

crawled property: A type of metadata that can be discovered during a crawl and applied to one or more items. It can be promoted to a managed property. See also managed property.

crawled property category: A set of crawled properties for a specific type of item.

crawled property set identifier: A unique identifier that associates one or more crawled properties with a crawled property category.

crawler: A process that browses and indexes content from a content source.

Creator: A type of MethodInstance that can be called to create a new EntityInstance. The set of Fields that are required to create the EntityInstance is referred to as the Creator View.

crop: In graphics editing, the process of trimming the vertical or horizontal edges of a specified object.

cross-site request forgery: A type of security vulnerability that enables malicious users to send unauthorized commands to a website or application by assuming the identity of an authorized user and running script under that assumed identity. Also referred to as one-click attack and session riding.

cross-site scripting: A type of security vulnerability that enables malicious users to insert client-side script into webpages and to run that script when those pages are viewed by other users. The script might then gain access to user-specific data, such as cookies, cached objects, and application settings. Also referred to as XSS.

CSOM action: An individual method, property, or lookup operation that is performed by a protocol server in a request.

CSOM action list: A sequential list of CSOM actions that are defined in a CSOM request to be executed by a protocol server.

CSOM action response structure: A JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) data structure that contains an array of individual results from a protocol server in response to actions that were submitted by a protocol client.

CSOM array: An ordered collection of values that can be used in an XML request or JSON response text. The values are identified by their position and their position is determined by a zero-based integer index.

CSOM binary: An array of 8-bit, unsigned integers that can be used in an XML request or as a string in JSON response text.

CSOM Boolean: A Boolean value that can be used in an XML request or JSON response text. A CSOM Boolean value is either "true" or "false".

CSOM Byte: An 8-bit, unsigned integer value that represents the BYTE type, as described in [MS-DTYP]. The range of CSOM Byte values is 0-255 and it has different representations, depending on whether it is used in an XML request or JSON response text.

CSOM Char: A Unicode character value that can be used in an XML request or as a string in JSON response text.

CSOM DateTime: An Int64 value that represents the number of 100-nanosecond time intervals that have elapsed since 12:00:00, January 1, 0001. It can be used in an XML request or as a string in JSON response text. The value can represent time intervals through 23:59:59.9999999, December 31, 9999. It can also specify whether a local, UTC, or no time zone applies.

CSOM Decimal: A signed 128-bit (16-byte) integers scaled by a variable power of 10. The scaling factor specifies the number of digits to the right of the decimal point; it ranges from 0 through 28. With a scale of 0 (no decimal places), the largest possible value is +/-79,228,162,514,264,337,593,543,950,335. With 28 decimal places, the largest value is +/-7.9228162514264337593543950335, and the smallest nonzero value is +/-0.0000000000000000000000000001 (+/-1E-28).

CSOM dictionary: An object that contains an unordered collection of key/value pairs that can be used in an XML request or JSON response text. Each key in a CSOM dictionary has a unique name.

CSOM Double: A 64-bit, double-precision, floating-point value, which is the DOUBLE type described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a number in JSON response text. The range of CSOM Double values is from "-1.79769313486232e308" to "1.79769313486232e308".

CSOM error: An object that contains information about an error that occurred on a protocol server when processing a request.

CSOM expando field: A field that stores data for an instance of a CSOM Object and is not defined explicitly in the corresponding CSOM Object type.

CSOM expression: A syntax that is used by protocol clients to express sets of actions to execute based on state data that is stored on a protocol server.

CSOM GUID: A GUID, as described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a string in JSON response text.

CSOM Int16: A 16-bit, signed integer value, which is the INT16 type described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a number in JSON response text. The range of CSOM Int16 values is from "-32768" to "32767".

CSOM Int32: A 32-bit, signed integer value, which is the INT32 type described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a number in JSON response text. The range of CSOM Int32 values is from "-2147483648" to "2147483647".

CSOM Int64: A 64-bit, signed integer value, which is the INT64 type described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a number in JSON response text. The range of CSOM Int64 values is from "-9223372036854775808" to "9223372036854775807".

CSOM method: A procedure that is executed by a protocol server for a CSOM Object.

CSOM Object: An object that contains a set of members, which are named values and methods. It has a Unicode string value, which is referred to as a CSOM type name, that identifies its type.

CSOM Object type: A reference to a standard definition of methods, properties, and behavior for a logical object in the SharePoint Client-Side Object Model.

CSOM property: A representation of a field of data that is stored for a type of CSOM Object.

CSOM SByte: An 8-bit, signed integer value, which is the INT8 type described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a number in JSON response text. The range of CSOM SByte values is from "-128" to "127".

CSOM Single: A 32-bit, single-precision, floating-point value, which is the FLOAT type described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a number in JSON response text. The range of CSOM Single values is from "-3.402823e38" to "3.402823e38".

CSOM Stream: A series of bytes that is used to transfer data and that supports reading, writing, and seeking.

CSOM String: A representation of text as a series of Unicode characters. It can be used in an XML request or JSON response text.

CSOM TimeSpan: A data type that represents a time interval (duration of time or elapsed time) that is measured as a positive or negative number of days, hours, minutes, seconds, and fractions of a second.

CSOM type: A predefined set of named values that enable a protocol client to access standard descriptions of exposed objects, members, and enumerations. A CSOM type can be a CSOM Object type, CSOM value object type, or CSOM enumeration.

CSOM type identifier: A GUID that is used to identify a CSOM type.

CSOM type name: A Unicode string that identifies the type of a CSOM Object.

CSOM UInt16: A 16-bit, unsigned integer value, which is the UINT16 type described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a number in JSON response text. The range of CSOM UInt16 values is from "0" to "65535".

CSOM UInt32: A 32-bit, unsigned integer value, which is the UINT32 type described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a number in JSON response text. The range of CSOM UInt32 values is from "0" to "4294967295".

CSOM UInt64: A 64-bit, unsigned integer value, which is the UINT64 type described in [MS-DTYP], that can be used in an XML request or as a number in JSON response text. The range of CSOM UInt64 values is from "0" to "18446744073709551615".

CSOM value object: An object that contains a set of named values, which are referred to as members. It has a Unicode string value, referred to as a CSOM type name, that identifies its type.

CSOM value object type: A CSOM type that contains a set of named values, which are referred to as members. It has type information, which is identified by a Unicode string, and is associated with a specific identifier, which is a CSOM GUID.

CSS: See cascading style sheet (CSS).

cube: A set of data that is organized and summarized into a multidimensional structure that is defined by a set of dimensions (1) and measures.

cube function: A function that is used to extract and display Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) data sets and values.

culture name: A part of a language identification tagging system, as described in [RFC1766]. Culture names adhere to the format "<languagecode2>-<country/regioncode2>." If a two-letter language code is not available, a three-letter code that is derived from [ISO-639] is used.

current user: The user who is authenticated during processing operations on a front-end web server or a back-end database server.

current version: The latest version of a document that is available to a user, based on the permissions of the user and the publishing level of the document.

custodian: A user that is part of a discovery litigation that allows attorneys to associate users with the discovery sources.

custom action: An extension to the user interface, such as a button on a toolbar or a link on a site settings page.

custom filter: A filter that contains preconfigured expressions in which users can optionally enter a string to filter data.

custom label filter: A custom filter that is applied to string labels for data.

custom list: A user-defined list (2) or enumeration that can be used to sort data in a worksheet.

custom toolbar: A type of toolbar that contains a user-defined set of controls and is not included in an application by default. A custom toolbar has a toolbar identifier value of "1".

custom toolbar control: A user-defined control that can be added to a toolbar. A custom toolbar control has a toolbar control identifier (TCID) value of "1" and can be one of the following types of controls: ActiveX, Button, ComboBox, DropDown, Edit, or Popup.

custom value filter: A custom filter that is applied to the numerical values of data.

custom view: A collection of display and print settings that users can name and save. Users can switch between custom views to change settings quickly.

customizable: The condition of a property value for a Web Part that indicates whether the Web Part can be modified by all users, instead of only individual users.

customized: (1) A document whose content is stored in a content database instead of a front-end file system. Also referred to as unghosted.

(2) A column (1) or content type whose schema is stored in a content database instead of a front-end file system. Also referred to as unghosted.

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