Export (0) Print
Expand All

1.1 Glossary

Office

The following terms are defined in [MS-GLOS]:

ASCII
big-endian
code page
Component Object Model (COM)
little-endian
NTFS
Unicode

The following terms are defined in [MS-OFCGLOS]:

accelerator key
anchor
bookmark
caption
cell
character pitch
character set
class identifier (CLSID)
CLSID
connection string
CSS
custom toolbar
custom toolbar control
digital signature
document
document template
field
field type
File Allocation Table (FAT)
footer
footnote
gutter
Hangul-Hanja converter (HHC)
header
IME
left-to-right
logical left
logical right
macro
mail merge
manifest
menu toolbar
Normal view
Object Linking and Embedding (OLE)
OLE compound file
OLE object
outline level
point
primary shortcut key
ProgID
Reading Layout view
rich text
right-to-left
secondary shortcut key
section
smart tag
smart tag recognizer
style
toolbar
toolbar control
toolbar control identifier (TCID)
toolbar delta
twip
Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)
Universal Input Method (UIM)
VBA
VML
Word97 compatibility mode
write-reservation password

The following terms are specific to this document:

allocated command: A built-in command that requires the user to specify a value for a parameter when customizing the command.

annotation bookmark: An entity in a document that is used to denote the range of content to which a comment applies.

auto spacing: A condition in which space is inserted automatically before and after a series of consecutive paragraphs that do not have breaks or other items between them.

AutoCaption: A feature that adds a caption to an object automatically when the object is inserted in a document.

AutoCorrect: A feature that corrects errors and makes other substitutions in a document automatically by using default and user-defined settings.

auto-hyphenated: A condition of content where the distance between the text is measured and maintained to force breaks automatically in elongated words that would not otherwise end correctly on a line.

automark file: A file that stores the text, location, and index level of a set of characters that were marked for inclusion in a document index.

AutoSummary: A process in which key points are identified in selected text by analyzing document content. A score is assigned to each sentence; sentences that contain frequently used words are given a higher score.

AutoText: A storage location for text and graphics, such as a standard contract clause, that can be used multiple times in one or more documents. Each selection of text or graphics is recorded as an AutoText entry and assigned a unique name.

bar tab: A tab that specifies where to draw a vertical line or bar in a paragraph. It neither affects the position of characters nor creates a custom tab stop in a paragraph.

bidirectional compatibility: The ability to display and process text in two directions, right-to-left and left-to-right.

cell margin: A measurement of the distance between the border of a cell and the nearest pixel in a character or digit of data in the cell. There are top, bottom, right, and left margins. See also cell spacing.

cell spacing: A measurement of the distance between the cells of a table or worksheet. Most tables and worksheets are implemented with contiguous cells, in which case the cell spacing value is 0 (zero). See also cell margin.

CGAPI: An API that is implemented by grammar checkers that have been licensed to Microsoft Corporation by external vendors.

chapter numbering: A page numbering format in which pages are numbered relative to the beginning of a chapter within a document instead of the beginning of the document. The chapter number is typically included in a page number; for example "3 – 2,” where "3" is the chapter number and "2" is the number of that page within that chapter.

character unit: A horizontal unit of measurement that is relative to the document grid and is used to position content in a document.

deletion point: A position between two existing characters, or a position before or after a character, where text was removed. If a caret is positioned at a deletion point, the point can retain unique formatting and that formatting can be reapplied to any text that is inserted at the deletion point.

document grid: A feature that enables the precise layout of full-width East Asian language characters by specifying the number of characters per line and the number of lines per page.

East Asian character: A character that is part of the Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, or Korean character set (1).

East Asian language: A spoken or written communication that consists of words that are used within the grammatical and syntactic structure of Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, or Korean.

East Asian line breaking rules: A set of algorithms that define how text is parsed and displayed to ensure that line breaks and word wraps follow the rules of various East Asian languages, including Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.

end of cell mark: A character with a hexadecimal value of "0x07" that is used to indicate the end of a cell in a table.

end of row mark: The combination of a character, hexadecimal value of "0x07", and a paragraph property, sprmPFTtp, that is used to indicate the end of a row in a table.

endnote: A note that appears at the end of a section or document and that is referenced by text in the main body of the document. An endnote consists of two linked parts, a reference mark within the main body of text and the corresponding text of the note.

endnote continuation notice: A set of characters indicating that an endnote continues to the next page. The default notice is blank.

endnote continuation separator: A set of characters that indicates the end of document text on a page and the beginning of endnotes that continue from the preceding page.

endnote separator: A set of characters that separates document text from endnotes about that text. The default separator is a horizontal line.

footnote continuation notice: A set of characters indicating that a footnote continues to the next page. The default notice is blank.

footnote continuation separator: A set of characters that indicates the end of document text on a page and the beginning of footnotes that continue from the preceding page.

footnote separator: A set of characters that separates document text from footnotes about that text. The default separator is a horizontal line.

form field: A data-entry area on a webpage, document, or form.

format consistency checker: An application that applies a wavy blue underline to text where the formatting is similar, but not identical, to comparable text in a document.

format consistency-checker bookmark: An entity in a document that is used to denote text where the formatting is similar, but not identical, to comparable text in the document, and the user indicated that the formatting inconsistency is not to be flagged.

frame: (1) A space, displayed onscreen as a box, that contains a specific element of a publication.

(2) A rectangular section of a webpage that is a separate HTML document from the rest of the page. Webpages can have multiple frames, each of which is a separate document.

full save: A process in which an existing file is overwritten with all of the additions, changes, and other content in a document.

full screen view: A document view that expands the display of a document to fill the computer screen. The view hides menus, toolbars, and taskbars.

grammar checker: An application that uses default or user-defined settings to search for grammatical errors in a document.

grammar checker cookie: An entity in a document that a grammar checker uses to denote a possible grammatical error in the document and data about that error.

gutter margin: A margin setting that adds extra space to the side or top margin of a document that will be printed and bound. A gutter margin ensures that text is not obscured by the binding.

heading style: A type of paragraph style that also specifies a heading level. There are as many as nine built-in heading styles, Heading 1 through Heading 9.

horizontal band: A set of rows in a table that are treated as a single unit, typically to ensure the consistency of the layout and the format.

HTML image map: An image that contains more than one hyperlink on a webpage. Clicking various parts of the image links the user to other resources on another part of the page, a different page, or a file.

hybrid list: A nine-level list that is exposed in the user interface as a collection of nine, one-level lists, instead of a single nine-level list.

Hyperlink view: A document view that displays a document as it would appear as a webpage.

incremental save: A process in which an existing file is modified to reflect only additions or changes to a document, while maintaining all other existing content in the file.

insertion point: A position between two existing characters, or a position before or after a character, where text can be inserted. If a caret is positioned at an insertion point, the point can have unique formatting, which is applied to any text that is inserted at the insertion point.

kinsoku: A rule set in the Japanese language that is used to determine characters that are not permitted at the beginning or end of a line.

Kumimoji: A text layout setting that displays annotative characters inline next to the text to which they apply. It is typically used with East Asian text to indicate pronunciation.

labels document: A document that stores label design and printing information in conjunction with a mail merge document.

language auto-detection: A process that automatically determines the language code identifier (LCID) for text in a document.

line numbers: A formatting property in which each line of text is prefixed with a sequential number as part of a larger collection of lines on a page.

line unit: A vertical unit of measurement that is relative to the document grid and is used to position content in a document.

list level: A condition of a paragraph that specifies which numbering system and indentation to use, relative to other paragraphs in a bulleted or numbered list.

list tab: A tab stop that is between a list number or bullet and the text of that list item.

mail merge data source: A file or address book that contains the information to be merged into a document during a mail merge operation.

mail merge header document: A file that contains the names of the fields (3) in a mail merge data source.

mail merge main document: A document that contains the text and graphics that are the same for each version of the merged document, such as the return address or salutation in a form letter.

master document: A document that refers to or contains one or more other documents, which are referred to as subdocuments. A master document can be used to configure and manage a multipart document, such as a book with multiple chapters.

message identifier: A string that uniquely identifies an email message.

NLCheck: An API that is implemented by grammar checkers that were developed by Microsoft Corporation.

Normal template: The default global template that is used for any type of document. Users can modify this template to change default document formatting, or content for any new document.

number text: A string that is calculated automatically and represents the numbering scheme and position of a paragraph in a bulleted or numbered list.

OLE control: A reusable software component that is designed to work in containers that support Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) 2.0.

page border: A line that can be applied to the outer edge of a page in a document. A page border can be formatted for style, color, and thickness.

paragraph mark: An entity in a document that is used to denote the end of a paragraph and has a Unicode character code of 13.

paragraph style: A combination of character- and paragraph-formatting characteristics that are named and stored as a set. Users can select a paragraph and use a paragraph style to apply all of the formatting characteristics to the paragraph simultaneously.

personal style: A list of formatting settings that is applied to a document or an Internet message when it is opened or created by a specific user on a specific computer. The settings are associated with a user and a computer.

physical left: A leftward position that is not relative to the language orientation of document content. See also logical left.

physical right: A rightward position that is not relative to the language orientation of document content. See also logical right.

policy labels: A set of fields that stores metadata about a document and is defined by an information management policy.

Print Preview view: A document view that displays a document as it will appear on a printed page.

property revision mark: A type of revision mark indicating that one or more formatting properties, such as bold, indentation, or spacing, changed.

range-level protection: A mechanism that permits users to change only specific parts of a protected document while restricting access to all other parts of the document. See also range-level protection bookmark.

range-level protection bookmark: An entity in a document that is used to denote a range of content that is an exception to a document-level protection setting.

repair bookmark: An entity in a document that is used to denote text that was changed automatically during a document repair operation.

Ruby: A text layout setting that displays annotative characters above or to the right of the text to which it applies. It is typically used in East Asian documents to indicate pronunciation or to provide a brief annotation.

ScreenTip: A small pop-up window that provides brief context-sensitive help when users point to an item.

section break: A special character that terminates a section and acts as a repository for the properties of the specified section.

shading pattern: A background color pattern against which characters and graphics are displayed, typically in tables. The color can be no color or it can be a specific color with a transparency or pattern value.

smart tag bookmark: An entity in a document that is used to denote the location and presence of a smart tag.

South Asian language: A spoken or written communication consisting of words that are used within the grammatical and syntactic structure of a language of southern Asia, such as Hindi, Urdu, or Tamil.

structured document tag: An entity in a document that is used to denote content that is stored as XML data.

structured document tag bookmark: An entity in a document that is used to denote the location and presence of a structured document tag.

subdocument: A document that can be referred to or inserted into another document. Subdocuments can be referenced by master documents and other subdocuments.

table depth: An indicator that specifies how tables are nested and how to display paragraphs within those tables. The depth is derived from values that are applied to paragraph marks, cell marks, or table-terminating paragraph marks. A paragraph that is not in a table has a table depth of "0" (zero); a nested table has a table depth of one greater than the cell that contains it.

table style: A set of formatting options, such as font, border formatting, and row banding, that are applied to a table. The regions of a table, such as the header row, header column, and data area, can be variously formatted.

Tatenakayoko: A text layout setting that displays a range of text perpendicular (horizontal) to the flow of other text (vertical).

TrueType font: A type of computer font that can be scaled to any size. TrueType fonts are clear and readable in all sizes and can be sent to any printer or other output device.

vertical band: A set of columns in a table that are treated as a single unit, typically for the purpose of layout and formatting consistency.

virtual key code: A symbolic constant name, hexadecimal value, or mouse or keyboard equivalent that provides a hardware- and language-independent method of identifying keyboard keys. Each virtual key code represents a unique keyboard key and also identifies the purpose of that key. The keyboard driver provides one or more keyboard layouts that maps keyboard scan codes to the appropriate virtual key codes.

Warichu: A text layout setting that creates two sublines within a line and stacks text equally between those sublines. One subline contains the text proper and the other subline contains comments, notes, and annotations about that text.

Web Layout view: A view of a document as it might appear in a web browser. For example, the document appears as only one page, without page breaks.

word wrap: The process of breaking lines of text automatically to stay within the page margins of a document or window boundaries.

MAY, SHOULD, MUST, SHOULD NOT, MUST NOT: These terms (in all caps) are used as described in [RFC2119]. All statements of optional behavior use either MAY, SHOULD, or SHOULD NOT.

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft