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FAI contents table: A table of folder associated information (FAI) Message objects that are stored in a Folder object.

failure response: An HTTP response where the value of the Status-Code element is 4xx or 5xx, as described in [RFC2616].

fallback data culture: A data culture that is selected through an algorithm as a substitute for a data culture that is not installed or is otherwise unavailable.

fallback managed property: In a hit-highlighted summary configuration, a managed property whose value appears in query results instead of a hit-highlighted summary, if a hit-highlighted summary cannot be generated for an item.

fallback UI culture: A user interface (UI) culture that is selected through an algorithm as a substitute for a UI culture that is not installed or is otherwise unavailable.

fanout: The process of transmitting a message from a client device to a relay server for replication and distribution to multiple recipients.

farm: A group of computers that work together as a single system to help ensure that applications and resources are available. Also referred to as server farm.

farm identifier: A GUID that identifies the server farm where a request originated.

FAST Index Markup Language (FIXML): An XML-based data structure that is used to describe how to index and add an item to a search index.

FAST middleware: Protocol-based software that sends and receives messages and data by using the FAST Search Interface Definition Language (FSIDL).

FAST Search Authorization (FSA): A service that is used to grant or restrict user access to items in a search index.

FAST Search Interface Definition Language (FSIDL): A language that can be used to specify interfaces between protocol clients and protocol servers that use the FAST Search Server 2010 middleware protocol.

feature: A package of SharePoint elements that can be activated or deactivated for a specific feature scope.

feature definition: An XML fragment that defines a feature and its attributes (1).

feature identifier: A GUID that identifies a feature.

feature scope: The scope at which a feature can be activated.

featured content: An indexed item that a site administrator assigns to a keyword to promote that item in query results. See also best bet.

federated location: A source that returns search results for a search query. The source can be a local search catalog or an OpenSearch1.0/1.1-compliant search engine, as described in [OpenSearch1.1-Draft3].

federated user: An external user who possesses valid credentials with a federated partner and who therefore is treated as authenticated by a protocol server.

federation: (1) The ability to issue a query to multiple federated locations, which are described by federated location definitions, and to return the results in a single search results page.

(2) The ability of a server deployment to interoperate with other servers that were deployed by other enterprises.

field: (1) An element or attribute (1) in a data source that can contain data.

(2) A container for metadata within a SharePoint list and associated list items.

(3) A discrete unit of a record that has a name, a data type, and a value.

(4) The data elements that constitute an Entity in a line-of-business (LOB) system.

field collapsing: A process that combines all of the hits that have the same value for a managed property into a single group in a result set.

field definition: The definition of a field in the Collaborative Application Markup Language (CAML).

field identifier: A GUID that is used to identify a field.

field importance level: The perceived importance of an index field in a full-text index field. It is used in processes that reduce the number of properties to query in a full-text index. See also drilling.

field internal name: A string that uniquely identifies a field in a content type or a SharePoint list.

field prefix: A string that specifies how a managed property or full-text index field is represented in a search index. The string is added to the name of the property or index field.

field type: A name that identifies the action or effect that a field has within a document. Examples of field types are Author, Page, Comments, and Date.

file: A single, discrete unit of content.

File Allocation Table (FAT): A file system that is used by MS-DOS and Windows operating systems to organize and manage files.

file data object: An object that represents a file that was inserted into a OneNote revision store file. It can be stored internally as a data stream in the revision store file, or externally in the onefiles folder.

file extension: A set of characters that follows the period in a file name. The extension typically identifies the type of data in the file or the application that was used to create the file. Also referred to as file name extension.

file format compatibility checker: A tool that identifies whether a workbook has compatibility issues that can cause a significant loss of functionality or a minor loss of fidelity in a different version of Microsoft Excel. The compatibility checker finds any potential compatibility issues and generates a report so that they can be resolved.

file fragment: A single, discrete unit of content that is associated with a document and represents part of the content in that document.

file fragment identifier: An integer that is used to identify a file fragment in a back-end database server.

file fragment partition: A partition in a back-end database server that contains a specified file fragment.

file fragment tag: A variable-length, binary data type that can be used by a front-end web server as a key for queries about a file fragment.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP): A member of the TCP/IP suite of protocols that is used to copy files between two computers on the Internet if both computers support their respective FTP roles. One computer is an FTP client and the other is an FTP server.

fill: A color, pattern, or other attribute that is used to format the background of a cell, shape, or chart element. See also fill color and fill pattern.

fill color: A color that is used to fill the background of a cell, shape, or chart element.

fill pattern: A repetitive design that users can add to the background of a cell, shape, or chart element.

filter: A mechanism by which a set of data is scoped to display only those entries that meet specified logical criteria.

filter date value: Any one of a set of possible date values that can be used to define the filter criteria for an AutoFilter.

filter value: Any one of a set of possible values that can be used to define the filter criteria for an AutoFilter.

FilterDescriptor: A type of MetadataObject that describes a normalized way of gathering input from users. A FilterDescriptor is defined by its type and the Method that contains it.

filtering control: A user interface element that contains the filter functions of a PivotTable report.

filtering state: A setting that indicates whether a filter value or filter date value is included as part of the criteria that is used to define the filter for an AutoFilter.

final offer: An offer that is sent by a caller at the end of connectivity checks and carries the local candidate and the remote candidate that were selected for media flow.

Finder: A type of MethodInstance that can be called to return a collection of zero or more EntityInstances of a specific Entity. Finder input is defined by the FilterDescriptors that are contained in the Method that contains the Finder.

first-class object: In the context of a particular programming language, an object (1) that can be used in programs without restriction, when compared to other kinds of objects in the same language. In addition, these attributes (1) of a first-class object have special significance:• It is persistent, meaning it can be stored and retrieved from a persistent data source (1).• It maps to a specific end-user object, such as a report, data source, or dashboard.• It fully describes a particular entity type, or class.

first-stage Recycle Bin: A container for items that were deleted. Items in this container are visible only to users with the appropriate permission and site collection administrators.

fit to page: A printing option that scales a document to print on a specified number of pages.

fixed schema: An XML schema that cannot be modified directly by using a Microsoft Office application.

floating-point number: A number that is represented by a mantissa and an exponent according to a given base. The mantissa is typically a value between "0" and "1". To find the value of a floating-point number, the base is raised to the power of the exponent, and the mantissa is multiplied by the result.

floor: An extension of the horizontal axis, or the area created by the inclusion of the z axis, in a 3-D chart to create a three-dimensional effect. See also wall.

flow: The direction in which text in a cell is rendered.

focus: A single user agent that maintains a dialog and Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) signaling relationship with each participant (2), implements conference policies, and ensures that each participant receives the media that comprise the tightly coupled conference.

Focus Factory: A component that is responsible for creating, managing, and deleting conferences.

focused crawl: A type of crawl process that automatically identifies items that are more relevant than other items, based on user-defined configuration settings. For example, a language-focused crawl can crawl only those items that are in a specific language.

folder: A file system construct. File systems organize data by providing a hierarchy of objects, which are referred to as folders or directories, that contain files and can also contain other folders.

folder associated information (FAI): A collection of Message objects that are stored in a Folder object and are typically hidden from view by email applications. An FAI Message object is used to store a variety of settings and auxiliary data, including forms, views, calendar options, favorites, and category lists.

folder identifier: A GUID that identifies a folder in a site collection.

Folder object: A messaging construct that is typically used to organize data into a hierarchy of objects containing Message objects and folder associated information (FAI) Message objects.

followed hyperlink: A hyperlink that has been activated by a user.

font: A graphic design that is applied to a collection of numbers, symbols, and characters. A font describes a specific typeface and other qualities such as size, spacing, and pitch.

font face decoration: Any of the set of font properties that specify how to render a font, such as italics and underline.

font face weight: A value that specifies the thickness of a font.

font family: A set of fonts that all have common stroke width and serif characteristics. For example, Times Roman and Times Roman Italic are members of the same font family.

font scaling: A process of resizing a proportionally-spaced font.

font scheme: A combination of complementary fonts in a theme.

footer: One or more lines of text in the bottom margin area of a page in a document or a slide in a presentation. A footer typically contains elements such as the page number and the name of the file.

footnote: A note that appears at the end of a page, section, chapter, or publication. It explains, comments on, or provides references for text in the main body of a document. A footnote consists of two linked parts, a reference mark within the main body of the document and the corresponding text of the note.

forecast: The process of projecting values forward or backward in a series, based on trends in existing data.

foreground color: A color that is used to display text, patterns, and other objects that appear in front of or on top of the background color.

form: (1) A structured document with controls and spaces that are reserved for entering and displaying information. Forms can contain special coding for actions such as submitting and querying data.

(2) A document with a set of controls into which users can enter information. Controls on a form can be bound to elements in the data source of the form, such as fields and groups. See also bind.

form definition (.xsf) file: An XML file with an .xsf file name extension. The file contains information about the files and components that are used within a form, including user interface customizations, XML schemas, views, business logic (1), events (2), and deployment settings.

form digest: An object that is inserted into a page and is used by a protocol server to validate client requests. The validation is specific to a user, site, and time period.

form digest validation: A type of security validation that helps prevent an attack wherein users are tricked into posting data to a server.

form file: An XML file that contains data that is entered into an InfoPath form by using a web browser or Microsoft InfoPath.

form library: A type of document library that is optimized for storing and displaying data in XML-based forms.

form security level: A setting that determines whether an InfoPath form can access data on other domains, or access files and settings on a user's computer. There are three security levels for forms: Restricted, Domain, and Full Trust.

form server: A server that can host XML-based electronic forms and that supports rendering those forms in a web browser.

form template: A file or set of files that defines the data structure, appearance, and behavior of a form (2).

form template (.xsn) file: A cabinet (.cab) file with an .xsn file name extension that contains the files that comprise a form template.

form view: A display setting that is saved with an InfoPath form template and specifies which controls and data appear on a form when the form is being filled out.

format string: A string that contains the number formatting information to apply to data, such as decimal position, percentage indicator, or currency symbol.

formatting run: A set of formatting properties that are applied to a text run.

forms authentication: An authentication (2) method in which protocol clients redirect unauthenticated requests to an HTML form by using HTTP. If the protocol client authenticates the request, the system issues a cookie that stores the credentials or a key for reacquiring the identity. In subsequent requests, the cookie is submitted in request headers and the requests are authenticated and authorized by an ASP.NET event handler that uses the validation method that is specified by the protocol client.

Forms folder: A folder that contains the ASPX pages that are used to display views of and forms for a document library.

formula: A logical equation or function that produces a result in a spreadsheet application.

formula bar: A user interface element that appears at the top of a worksheet and is used to display and edit cell content.

forward error correction (FEC): A process in which a sender uses redundancy to enable a receiver to recover from packet loss.

forward link: A hyperlink between a referenced document and a referencing party. For example, if Document A contains a hyperlink to Document B, Document A has a forward link to Document B.

freshness boost: A process that increases the rank of an item in query results, based on the date and time when the item was last modified.

friendly name: A name for a user or object that can be read and understood easily by a human.

friendly URL: A web address that is easy for users to read and for search engines to crawl.

front-end web server: A server that hosts webpages, performs processing tasks, and accepts requests from protocol clients and sends them to the appropriate back-end server for further processing.

frozen panes: Portions of a worksheet that remain static and do not scroll when the worksheet is displayed in split pane view. See also split pane.

full: An Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE) implementation that adheres to the complete set of functionality described in [MS-ICE2].

full address book file: An address book file that contains a complete set of the address book contacts that existed when the file was generated by the user, contact, and groups objects in AD DS.

full crawl: A crawl process that indexes all of the items in a specified content source, regardless of whether the item was modified.

full URL: A string of characters in a standardized format that identifies a document or resource on the World Wide Web.

full-text index catalog: A collection of full-text index components and other files that are organized in a specific directory structure and contain the data that is needed to perform queries.

full-text index component: A set of files that contain all of the index keys that are extracted from a set of items.

full-text index context: A property context that is stored in a full-text index field. A full-text index context is mapped to a field importance level.

full-text index field: A field that is used to store groups of managed properties, which allows a search query to be executed across multiple properties simultaneously.

fully qualified class name: A class name that includes namespace information. Use of a fully qualified class name ensures that the class name is treated as unique.

fully qualified URL: A URL that includes a protocol scheme name, a host name, optionally a port number, a path, optionally a search part, and optionally a fragment identifier, as described in [RFC2616].

function: A code module that takes a value as input, performs an operation, and returns the results to a worksheet.

function category: A group of worksheet functions that are part of the same broad usage area, such as Finance or Statistical. A function category can be built-in or user-defined.

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