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wall: An extension of the background of a 3-D chart to create a three-dimensional effect. See also floor.

watched cell: A cell whose value is monitored in a separate window while formulas that are associated with the cell are calculated.

waveform (WAV): A file format in which Windows stores sounds as waveforms. Depending on the sampling frequency, whether the sound is monaural or stereo, and whether 8 or 16 bits are used for each sample, one minute of sound can occupy as little as 644 kilobytes or as much as 27 megabytes of storage. Waveform files have a .wav file name extension.

web analyzer: An entity that is part of a search service application and is used to assess the relevancy of anchor text in an item.

web analyzer view: A set of crawl collections that is subject to link analysis and anchor text aggregation. A crawl collection can be a member of more than one web analyzer view.

web app: See web application (2).

web application: (1) A container in a configuration database that stores administrative settings and entry-point URLs for site collections.

(2) A software application that uses HTTP as its core communication protocol and delivers information to the user by using web-based languages such as HTML and XML.

web application identifier: A GUID that identifies a web application.

web bot: See bot.

web control: A server-side component that encapsulates user interface and related functionality.

web crawler: A search component that traverses websites, downloads content from those sites, and submits that content for indexing.

web discussion: A component and add-in that enables users to enter comments about documents and pages without modifying the actual content of those documents or pages.

web discussion comment: An individual comment that is added to a web discussion.

Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning Protocol (WebDAV): The Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning Protocol, as described in [RFC2518] or [RFC4918].

web log: See blog (1).

Web Part: A reusable component that contains or generates web-based content such as XML, HTML, and scripting code. It has a standard property schema and displays that content in a cohesive unit on a webpage. See also Web Parts Page.

Web Part cache: A hash table of key/value pairs that is used to cache and locate internal information for Web Parts.

Web Part chrome state: The condition of a Web Part and the Web Part chrome surrounding it. Possible values are "0" (zero) for normal state or "1" (one) for minimized state.

Web Part connection: An element in a Web Parts Page that defines a provider-consumer data relationship between two Web Parts. When a Web Parts Page is rendered, data provided by one Web Part can affect how and what is rendered by the other Web Part.

Web Part identifier: A GUID that identifies a Web Part.

Web Part Page: An ASP.NET webpage that includes Web Part controls that enable users to customize the page, such as specifying which information to display. Referred to as Web Parts Page in SharePoint Foundation 2010.

Web Part property: A configurable characteristic of a Web Part that determines the behavior of the Web Part.

Web Part type identifier: A unique 16-byte value that is assigned to each Web Part type.

Web Part zone: A structured HTML section of a Web Parts Page that contains zero or more Web Parts and can be configured to control the organization and format of those Web Parts.

Web Part zone identifier: A string that identifies a Web Part zone on a Web Parts Page.

Web Part zone index: An integer that specifies the relative position of a Web Part in a Web Part zone. Web Parts are positioned from the smallest to the largest zone index. If two or more Web Parts have the same zone index they are positioned adjacent to each other in an undefined order.

Web Parts Page: An ASP.NET webpage that includes Web Part controls that enable users to customize the page, such as specifying which information to display. Referred to as Web Part Page in Windows SharePoint Services 3.0.

web query: An external data connection that retrieves a table from a website and inserts table data into a workbook.

web server: A server computer that hosts websites and responds to requests from applications.

web service: A unit of application logic that provides data and services to other applications and can be called by using standard Internet transport protocols such as HTTP, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), or File Transfer Protocol (FTP). Web services can perform functions that range from simple requests to complicated business processes.

web service method: A procedure that is exposed to web service clients as an operation that can be called on the web service. Also referred to as web method.

Web Services Description Language (WSDL): An extensible XML format that describes network services as collections of communication endpoints (4), as described in [WSDL].

WebDAV client: A computer that uses WebDAV, as described in [RFC2518] or [RFC4918], to retrieve data from a WebDAV server.

WebDAV server: A computer that supports WebDAV, as described in [RFC2518] or [RFC4918], and responds to requests from WebDAV clients.

website: (1) A group of related webpages that is hosted by a server on the World Wide Web or an intranet. Each website has its own entry points, metadata, administration settings, and workflows. Also referred to as site.

(2) A group of related pages and data within a SharePoint site collection. The structure and content of a site is based on a site definition. Also referred to as SharePoint site and site.

Welcome page: A page, such as default.aspx, that can be specified as the default redirect target when users browse to a URL without specifying a leaf name.

white space: A character that represents a blank space in typography and is not rendered on a screen.

whitespace: A character that can be found between words, including a space (" "), a carriage return in combination with a line feed (newline), and a tab character.

wide list: A list in the AllUserData table that has more than one row assigned to each item in the list.

WildcardFilter: A FilterDescriptor type that is used when querying a line-of-business (LOB) system. Its value represents a pattern of regular and wildcard characters that is matched against the value of a particular Field (4) of the set of EntityInstances. The LOB system returns only those EntityInstances whose Field values match the specified pattern.

windowed solution resource usage log: A collection of data that reports use of resources, such as memory and CPU, for a specified time period by code that was deployed to a server.

Windows code page: A table that relates the character codes (code point values) that are used by an application to keys on a keyboard or to characters on a display. This provides support for character sets (1) and keyboard layouts for different countries or regions. Also referred to as character set or charset.

Windows collation name: A string identifier that follows the format of the Transact-Structured Query Language (T-SQL) COLLATE clause.

Windows Installer (.msi) file: A package file that contains the instructions and data required to install an application on a Windows-based computer. Every package contains at least one .msi file. The .msi file contains the installer database, a summary information stream, and possibly one or more transforms and internal source files.

Windows Metafile Format (WMF): A vector graphics format for Windows®-compatible computers. Windows Metafile Format is used primarily as a clip-art format in word-processing documents.

word stacking: A process that is used to index multiple grammatical variants of a word at the same index position and for the same item.

Word97 compatibility mode: An application mode that prevents users from applying formatting and other document features and settings that are not supported in Word 97 or earlier versions of Word.

work item: An object that represents an operation that is scheduled to run at or after a specific time.

work item batch: A set of work items that are retrieved and run.

work item batch identifier: A GUID that is used to identify a batch of work items in a back-end database server.

work item identifier: A GUID that identifies a work item.

work item parent identifier: A GUID that identifies the parent of the object being tracked by a work item.

work item process: A process that runs a work item.

work item subtype: A named definition that supplements a work item type and further specifies what a work item does.

work item subtype identifier: A GUID that is used to identify a work item subtype.

work item type: A named definition that indicates what a work item does.

work item type identifier: A GUID that is used to identify a work item type.

workbook: A container for a collection of sheets (1).

workbook file: A file that contains a byte stream representation of a workbook.

workbook parameter: A single cell that is designated to receive input from users.

workbook stream: See stream (1) and document stream.

workflow: (1) An automation of business processes that passes business documents and tasks automatically from one user to another for action, according to a defined sequence.

(2) A structured modular component that enables the automated movement of documents or items through a specific sequence of actions or tasks that are related to built-in or user-defined business processes.

workflow association: An association of a workflow template to a specific list or content type.

workflow events: An event that starts or resumes a workflow instance.

workflow history list: A list that stores the history of actions or tasks for a business process.

workflow identifier: A GUID that is used to identify a workflow.

workflow initiation form: An implementation-specific file, typically an ASPX page, that is a part of a workflow. It contains fields and other elements that can be used to initiate a process for a list item, based on the rules and settings in a workflow template that is associated with the list that contains the item.

workflow instance: An instance of a workflow association that performs on a list item the process that is defined in a workflow template.

workflow task: An action or task in a sequence that is related to a built-in or user-defined business process.

workflow task list: A list that stores the sequence of actions or tasks for a business process.

workflow template: A definition of operations, the sequence of operations, constraints, and timing for a specific process.

worksheet: A single logical container for a set of tabular data and other objects in a workbook.

worksheet header: The row and column headings of a worksheet.

worksheet image: A chart image that is embedded in a worksheet or chart sheet.

write reservation: A field or condition that is set on a document, workbook, or presentation to help prevent users from modifying it.

write-reservation password: A sequence of characters that need to be entered to modify a document.

WSDL message: An abstract, typed definition of the data that is communicated during a WSDL operation, as described in [WSDL].

WSDL operation: An abstract description of an action that is supported by a WSDL service, as described in [WSDL].

WSDL port type: A named set of abstract operations that is supported by one or more endpoints (4), as described in [WSDL].

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