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Invoking Operations on the Oracle Database by Using the WCF Channel Model

You can invoke operations on the Oracle Database adapter by using an IRequestChannel or IOutputChannel shape to send messages to the adapter. The basic pattern is to create a channel factory for the required channel shape by using a binding (OracleDBBinding) and an endpoint created from a connection URI. You then create a Message instance that represents a SOAP message that conforms to the message schema for your target operation. You can then send this Message to the Oracle Database adapter by using a channel created from the channel factory. If you are using an IRequestChannel, you receive a response. If there is a problem executing the operation on the Oracle database, the Oracle Database adapter throws a Microsoft.ServiceModel.Channels.Common.TargetSystemException.

For an overview of how to send operations using an IRequestChannel in WCF, see "Client Channel-Level Programming" at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=106081.

The sections in this topic provide information to help you invoke operations on the Oracle Database adapter using the WCF channel model.

Creating and Consuming Messages for Outbound Operations

To invoke an operation on the Oracle Database adapter, you send the request message for the target operation using either an IRequestChannel or an IOutputChannel. If you use an IRequestChannel the adapter returns the results of the operation in the response message.

For more detailed information about the request and response message schemas and the message actions for each operation, see Messages and Message Schemas for BizTalk Adapter for Oracle Database.

How you create the request message and consume the response message determines whether node streaming or node-value streaming is performed by the adapter. This in turn determines whether end-to-end streaming of LOB data is performed for supported operations.

Creating the request message

You can create the request message in one of two ways:

  • To create a message that can be used for node-value streaming you must pass the message body in an XmlBodyWriter that implements node-value streaming.

  • To create a message that can be used for node streaming you can pass the message body in an XmlReader.

You typically use node-value streaming to support end-to-end streaming of Oracle LOB data in the request message. The only operation that supports this feature is UpdateLOB.

Consuming the response message

You can consume the response message in one of two ways:

  • To consume the message using node-value streaming you must call the WriteBodyContents method on the response message and pass it an XmlDictionaryWriter that implements node-value streaming.

  • To consume the message using node streaming you can call GetReaderAtBodyContents on the response message to get an XmlReader.

You typically use node-value streaming to support end-to-end streaming of Oracle LOB data in the response message. There are many operations that support this feature.

LOB Data and Message Streaming Support

For more information about how the Oracle Database adapter supports streaming on LOB data, see Streaming and the Oracle Database Adapter.

For more information about implementing node-value streaming in your code to support end-to-end streaming of LOB data, see Streaming Oracle LOB Data Types by Using the WCF Channel Model.

Transaction Support on Outbound Operations in the WCF Channel Model.

The adapter executes each operation you invoke inside a dedicated transaction on the Oracle database. You can control the isolation level of these transactions by setting the TransactionIsolationLevel binding property.

About the Examples Used in this Topic

The example in this topic uses the SCOTT.ACCOUNTACTIVITY table. A script to generate these artifacts is supplied with the SDK samples. For more information about the SDK samples, see Samples.

How Do I Invoke an Operation by Using a Channel?

To invoke an operation by using an IRequestChannel, perform the following steps.

How to invoke an operation by using an instance of IRequestChannel

  1. Build a channel factory (ChannelFactory<IRequestChannel>). To do this, you must specify a binding (OracleDBBinding) and an endpoint address. You can specify the binding and endpoint address either imperatively in your code or declaratively in configuration. For more information about how to specify the binding and endpoint address in configuration, see Creating a Channel.

    // Create a binding
    OracleDBBinding binding = new OracleDBBinding();
    // Create an endpoint address by using the connection URI
    EndpointAddress address = new EndpointAddress("oracledb://ADAPTER");
    // Create the channel factory
    ChannelFactory<IRequestChannel> factory = new ChannelFactory<IRequestChannel>(binding, address);
    
  2. Set the user name password credentials for the channel factory by using the ClientCredentials property.

    factory.Credentials.UserName.UserName = "SCOTT";
    factory.Credentials.UserName.Password = "TIGER";
    
  3. Open the channel factory.

    factory.Open();
    
  4. Get a channel from the factory and open it.

    IRequestChannel channel = factory.CreateChannel();
    channel.Open();
    
  5. Create a Message instance for the target operation. Be sure that the message action for the target operation is specified. In this example, the message body is passed by creating an XmlReader over a file. The target operation is a Select operation on the SCOTT/EMP table.

    XmlReader readerIn = XmlReader.Create("SelectAllActivity.xml");
    Message messageIn = Message.CreateMessage(MessageVersion.Default,
        "http://Microsoft.LobServices.OracleDB/2007/03/SCOTT/Table/ACCOUNTACTIVITY/Select",
        readerIn);
    
  6. Invoke the Request method on the channel to send the message to the Oracle Database adapter and receive the reply. If the Oracle database encounters an exception, the adapter throws a TargetSystemException. (Other exceptions are possible for non Oracle exceptions.) You can get a description of the Oracle error from the InnerException.Message property of the TargetSystemException.

    try
    {
        Message messageOut = channel.Request(messageIn);
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        // handle exception
    }
    
  7. Process the response. In this example, GetReaderAtBodyContents is called on the response message to get the message body.

    XmlReader readerOut = messageOut.GetReaderAtBodyContents();
    
  8. When you are done processing the response message, close the reader and the message.

    readerOut.Close();
    messageOut.Close();
    
  9. When you are done using the channel and the channel factory, close them. Closing the factory will close all channels that were created with it.

    channel.Close()
    factory.Close();
    
    

You follow the same steps to send a message using the IOutputChannel shape except:

  • You create a ChannelFactory<IOutputChannel> in step 1.

  • You call the Send method on the channel in step 6. channel.Send(messageIn);.

  • There is no response message returned for an IOutputChannel.

Example

The following example shows how to invoke a Select operation by using an IRequestChannel channel. The Select response message is consumed by using an XmlReader and the number of records returned is written to the console.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;


using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Channels;
using Microsoft.ServiceModel.Channels;
using Microsoft.Adapters.OracleDB;
using System.Xml;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;

namespace RequestChanneSample
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // The Select operation request message
            const string selectRequestString =
                "<Select xmlns=\"http://Microsoft.LobServices.OracleDB/2007/03/SCOTT/Table/ACCOUNTACTIVITY\">" +
                    "<COLUMN_NAMES>*</COLUMN_NAMES>" +
                    "<FILTER>ACCOUNT = 100002</FILTER>" +
                "</Select>";
            try
            {
                // Create binding -- specify binding properties before you open the factory.
                OracleDBBinding odbBinding = new OracleDBBinding();

                // Create address.
                EndpointAddress odbAddress = new EndpointAddress("oracledb://ADAPTER/");

                // Create channel factory from binding and address.
                ChannelFactory<IRequestChannel> factory = 
                    new ChannelFactory<IRequestChannel>(odbBinding, odbAddress);

                // Specify credentials 
                factory.Credentials.UserName.UserName = "SCOTT";
                factory.Credentials.UserName.Password = "TIGER";

                // Open the factory.
                factory.Open();

                // Get a channel.
                IRequestChannel channel = factory.CreateChannel();

                // Open the channel.
                channel.Open();

                // Create the request message from the string
                StringReader strReader = new StringReader(selectRequestString);
                XmlReader readerIn = XmlReader.Create(strReader);

                Message requestMessage = Message.CreateMessage(MessageVersion.Default,
                    "http://Microsoft.LobServices.OracleDB/2007/03/SCOTT/Table/ACCOUNTACTIVITY/Select",
                    readerIn);

                Send the message and get a respone
                Message responseMessage = channel.Request(requestMessage);

                // Get an XmlReader from the message
                XmlReader readerOut = (XmlReader) responseMessage.GetReaderAtBodyContents();
                
                // Count the number of records returned and write to the console.
                readerOut.MoveToContent();
                int numberOfRecordsReturned = 0;
                while (readerOut.Read())
                {
                    if (readerOut.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Element && readerOut.Name == "ACCOUNTACTIVITYRECORDSELECT")
                        numberOfRecordsReturned++;
                }

                Console.WriteLine("{0} records returned.", numberOfRecordsReturned);
                        
                // Close the output reader and message
                readerOut.Close();
                responseMessage.Close();

                //Close channel
                channel.Close();

                //Close the factory
                factory.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

See Also

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