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Virtual-Key Codes

The following table shows the symbolic constant names, hexadecimal values, and mouse or keyboard equivalents for the virtual-key codes used by the system. The codes are listed in numeric order.

Constant/valueDescription
VK_LBUTTON
0x01

Left mouse button

VK_RBUTTON
0x02

Right mouse button

VK_CANCEL
0x03

Control-break processing

VK_MBUTTON
0x04

Middle mouse button (three-button mouse)

VK_XBUTTON1
0x05

X1 mouse button

VK_XBUTTON2
0x06

X2 mouse button

-
0x07

Undefined

VK_BACK
0x08

BACKSPACE key

VK_TAB
0x09

TAB key

-
0x0A-0B

Reserved

VK_CLEAR
0x0C

CLEAR key

VK_RETURN
0x0D

ENTER key

-
0x0E-0F

Undefined

VK_SHIFT
0x10

SHIFT key

VK_CONTROL
0x11

CTRL key

VK_MENU
0x12

ALT key

VK_PAUSE
0x13

PAUSE key

VK_CAPITAL
0x14

CAPS LOCK key

VK_KANA
0x15

IME Kana mode

VK_HANGUEL
0x15

IME Hanguel mode (maintained for compatibility; use VK_HANGUL)

VK_HANGUL
0x15

IME Hangul mode

-
0x16

Undefined

VK_JUNJA
0x17

IME Junja mode

VK_FINAL
0x18

IME final mode

VK_HANJA
0x19

IME Hanja mode

VK_KANJI
0x19

IME Kanji mode

-
0x1A

Undefined

VK_ESCAPE
0x1B

ESC key

VK_CONVERT
0x1C

IME convert

VK_NONCONVERT
0x1D

IME nonconvert

VK_ACCEPT
0x1E

IME accept

VK_MODECHANGE
0x1F

IME mode change request

VK_SPACE
0x20

SPACEBAR

VK_PRIOR
0x21

PAGE UP key

VK_NEXT
0x22

PAGE DOWN key

VK_END
0x23

END key

VK_HOME
0x24

HOME key

VK_LEFT
0x25

LEFT ARROW key

VK_UP
0x26

UP ARROW key

VK_RIGHT
0x27

RIGHT ARROW key

VK_DOWN
0x28

DOWN ARROW key

VK_SELECT
0x29

SELECT key

VK_PRINT
0x2A

PRINT key

VK_EXECUTE
0x2B

EXECUTE key

VK_SNAPSHOT
0x2C

PRINT SCREEN key

VK_INSERT
0x2D

INS key

VK_DELETE
0x2E

DEL key

VK_HELP
0x2F

HELP key

0x30

0 key

0x31

1 key

0x32

2 key

0x33

3 key

0x34

4 key

0x35

5 key

0x36

6 key

0x37

7 key

0x38

8 key

0x39

9 key

-
0x3A-40

Undefined

0x41

A key

0x42

B key

0x43

C key

0x44

D key

0x45

E key

0x46

F key

0x47

G key

0x48

H key

0x49

I key

0x4A

J key

0x4B

K key

0x4C

L key

0x4D

M key

0x4E

N key

0x4F

O key

0x50

P key

0x51

Q key

0x52

R key

0x53

S key

0x54

T key

0x55

U key

0x56

V key

0x57

W key

0x58

X key

0x59

Y key

0x5A

Z key

VK_LWIN
0x5B

Left Windows key (Natural keyboard)

VK_RWIN
0x5C

Right Windows key (Natural keyboard)

VK_APPS
0x5D

Applications key (Natural keyboard)

-
0x5E

Reserved

VK_SLEEP
0x5F

Computer Sleep key

VK_NUMPAD0
0x60

Numeric keypad 0 key

VK_NUMPAD1
0x61

Numeric keypad 1 key

VK_NUMPAD2
0x62

Numeric keypad 2 key

VK_NUMPAD3
0x63

Numeric keypad 3 key

VK_NUMPAD4
0x64

Numeric keypad 4 key

VK_NUMPAD5
0x65

Numeric keypad 5 key

VK_NUMPAD6
0x66

Numeric keypad 6 key

VK_NUMPAD7
0x67

Numeric keypad 7 key

VK_NUMPAD8
0x68

Numeric keypad 8 key

VK_NUMPAD9
0x69

Numeric keypad 9 key

VK_MULTIPLY
0x6A

Multiply key

VK_ADD
0x6B

Add key

VK_SEPARATOR
0x6C

Separator key

VK_SUBTRACT
0x6D

Subtract key

VK_DECIMAL
0x6E

Decimal key

VK_DIVIDE
0x6F

Divide key

VK_F1
0x70

F1 key

VK_F2
0x71

F2 key

VK_F3
0x72

F3 key

VK_F4
0x73

F4 key

VK_F5
0x74

F5 key

VK_F6
0x75

F6 key

VK_F7
0x76

F7 key

VK_F8
0x77

F8 key

VK_F9
0x78

F9 key

VK_F10
0x79

F10 key

VK_F11
0x7A

F11 key

VK_F12
0x7B

F12 key

VK_F13
0x7C

F13 key

VK_F14
0x7D

F14 key

VK_F15
0x7E

F15 key

VK_F16
0x7F

F16 key

VK_F17
0x80

F17 key

VK_F18
0x81

F18 key

VK_F19
0x82

F19 key

VK_F20
0x83

F20 key

VK_F21
0x84

F21 key

VK_F22
0x85

F22 key

VK_F23
0x86

F23 key

VK_F24
0x87

F24 key

-
0x88-8F

Unassigned

VK_NUMLOCK
0x90

NUM LOCK key

VK_SCROLL
0x91

SCROLL LOCK key

0x92-96

OEM specific

-
0x97-9F

Unassigned

VK_LSHIFT
0xA0

Left SHIFT key

VK_RSHIFT
0xA1

Right SHIFT key

VK_LCONTROL
0xA2

Left CONTROL key

VK_RCONTROL
0xA3

Right CONTROL key

VK_LMENU
0xA4

Left MENU key

VK_RMENU
0xA5

Right MENU key

VK_BROWSER_BACK
0xA6

Browser Back key

VK_BROWSER_FORWARD
0xA7

Browser Forward key

VK_BROWSER_REFRESH
0xA8

Browser Refresh key

VK_BROWSER_STOP
0xA9

Browser Stop key

VK_BROWSER_SEARCH
0xAA

Browser Search key

VK_BROWSER_FAVORITES
0xAB

Browser Favorites key

VK_BROWSER_HOME
0xAC

Browser Start and Home key

VK_VOLUME_MUTE
0xAD

Volume Mute key

VK_VOLUME_DOWN
0xAE

Volume Down key

VK_VOLUME_UP
0xAF

Volume Up key

VK_MEDIA_NEXT_TRACK
0xB0

Next Track key

VK_MEDIA_PREV_TRACK
0xB1

Previous Track key

VK_MEDIA_STOP
0xB2

Stop Media key

VK_MEDIA_PLAY_PAUSE
0xB3

Play/Pause Media key

VK_LAUNCH_MAIL
0xB4

Start Mail key

VK_LAUNCH_MEDIA_SELECT
0xB5

Select Media key

VK_LAUNCH_APP1
0xB6

Start Application 1 key

VK_LAUNCH_APP2
0xB7

Start Application 2 key

-
0xB8-B9

Reserved

VK_OEM_1
0xBA

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

For the US standard keyboard, the ';:' key

VK_OEM_PLUS
0xBB

For any country/region, the '+' key

VK_OEM_COMMA
0xBC

For any country/region, the ',' key

VK_OEM_MINUS
0xBD

For any country/region, the '-' key

VK_OEM_PERIOD
0xBE

For any country/region, the '.' key

VK_OEM_2
0xBF

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

For the US standard keyboard, the '/?' key

VK_OEM_3
0xC0

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

For the US standard keyboard, the '`~' key

-
0xC1-D7

Reserved

-
0xD8-DA

Unassigned

VK_OEM_4
0xDB

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

For the US standard keyboard, the '[{' key

VK_OEM_5
0xDC

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

For the US standard keyboard, the '\|' key

VK_OEM_6
0xDD

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

For the US standard keyboard, the ']}' key

VK_OEM_7
0xDE

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

For the US standard keyboard, the 'single-quote/double-quote' key

VK_OEM_8
0xDF

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

-
0xE0

Reserved

0xE1

OEM specific

VK_OEM_102
0xE2

Either the angle bracket key or the backslash key on the RT 102-key keyboard

0xE3-E4

OEM specific

VK_PROCESSKEY
0xE5

IME PROCESS key

0xE6

OEM specific

VK_PACKET
0xE7

Used to pass Unicode characters as if they were keystrokes. The VK_PACKET key is the low word of a 32-bit Virtual Key value used for non-keyboard input methods. For more information, see Remark in KEYBDINPUT, SendInput, WM_KEYDOWN, and WM_KEYUP

-
0xE8

Unassigned

0xE9-F5

OEM specific

VK_ATTN
0xF6

Attn key

VK_CRSEL
0xF7

CrSel key

VK_EXSEL
0xF8

ExSel key

VK_EREOF
0xF9

Erase EOF key

VK_PLAY
0xFA

Play key

VK_ZOOM
0xFB

Zoom key

VK_NONAME
0xFC

Reserved

VK_PA1
0xFD

PA1 key

VK_OEM_CLEAR
0xFE

Clear key

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Winuser.h

 

 

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