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UI Automation Support for the List Control Type

This topic provides information about Microsoft UI Automation support for the List control type.

The List control type provides a way to organize a flat group or groups of items and allows a user to select one or more of those items. The List control type has a loose restriction on what types of child elements it may contain. This enables UI Automation providers to support a well-known element for selection containers.

The following sections define the required UI Automation tree structure, properties, control patterns, and events for the List control type. The UI Automation requirements apply to all list controls, whether Microsoft Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF), Microsoft Win32, or Windows Forms.

This topic contains the following sections.

Required UI Automation Tree Structure

The following table depicts the two views of the UI Automation tree that pertain to list controls and describes what can be contained in each view. The control view contains only elements that are controls, and the content view removes redundant information from the tree. For example, a text control used to label a combo box will be exposed as the ComboBox NameProperty. Because the text control is already exposed in this manner through the control view it is unnecessary to have it exposed twice; therefore it is removed from the content view. For more information about the UI Automation tree, see UI Automation Tree Overview.

Control View Content View
Contains the elements that correspond to controls. Removes redundant information from the tree so that assistive technologies work with the smallest set of information that is meaningful to the end user.
  • List
    • DataItem (0 or more)
    • ListItem (0 or more)
    • Group (0 or more)
    • ScrollBar (0, 1 or 2)
  • List
    • DataItem (0 or more)
    • ListItem (0 or more)
    • Group (0 or more)

The control view for a control that implements the List control type (such as a list control) consists of:

  • Zero or more items within the list control (items can be based on the List Item or Data Item control types)
  • Zero or more group controls within a list control
  • Zero, one, or two scroll bar controls

The content view of a control that implements the List control type (such as a list control) consists of:

  • Zero or more items within the list control (items can be based on the List Item or Data Item control types)
  • Zero or more groups within the list control

A list control must not have items that have a hierarchical relationship other than being grouped together. If the items have children in the UI Automation tree, then the list container should be based on the Tree control type.

The selectable items within the list control will be available from the descendants in the UI Automation tree of the list control. All items within the list control must belong to the same selection group. The selectable items in the list should be exposed as ListItem (instead of DataItem) control types.

Required UI Automation Properties

The following table lists the UI Automation properties whose value or definition is especially relevant to the List control type. For more information about UI Automation properties, see UI Automation Properties for Clients.

UI Automation Property Value Notes
UIA_AutomationIdPropertyId See notes. The value of this property needs to be unique across all controls in an application.
UIA_BoundingRectanglePropertyId See notes. The outermost rectangle that contains the whole control.
UIA_ClickablePointPropertyId See notes. If the list control has a clickable point (a point that can be clicked to cause the list to take focus), that point must be exposed through this property. If the value of the UIA_IsOffscreenPropertyId property is TRUE, attempting to retrieve this property results in the UIA_E_NOCLICKABLEPOINT error.
UIA_ControlTypePropertyId List This value is the same for all UI frameworks.
UIA_HelpTextPropertyId See notes. The Help text for list controls should explain why the user is being asked to make a choice from a list of options. For example, "Selection an item from this list will set the display resolution for your monitor."
UIA_IsContentElementPropertyId TRUE The list control is always included in the content view of the UI Automation tree.
UIA_IsControlElementPropertyId TRUE The list control is always included in the control view of the UI Automation tree.
UIA_IsKeyboardFocusablePropertyId See notes. If the control can receive keyboard focus, it must support this property.
UIA_LabeledByPropertyId See notes. If there is a static text label then this property must expose a reference to that control.
UIA_LocalizedControlTypePropertyId See notes. Localized string corresponding to the List control type. The default value is "list" for en-US or English (United States).
UIA_NamePropertyId See notes. The value of a list control's Name property should convey the category of options that the user is being asked to select from. This property typically gets its name from a static text label. If there is not a static text label the application developer must expose a value for the Name property.
The only time this property is not required for list controls is if the control is used within the subtree of another control.

Required UI Automation Control Patterns

The following table lists the UI Automation control patterns required to be supported by all list controls. For more information on control patterns, see UI Automation Control Patterns Overview.

Control Pattern/Pattern Property Support/Value Notes
IGridProvider Depends Implement this pattern when grid navigation needs to be available on an item by item basis.
IMultipleViewProvider Depends Implement this control pattern if the control can support multiple views of the items in the container.
IScrollProvider Depends Implement this control pattern if items in the container are scrollable.
ISelectionProvider Required All controls that support the List control type must implement ISelectionProvider when a selection state is maintained between the items contained in the control. If the items within the container are not selectable, the Group control type must be used.
ISelectionProvider::CanSelectMultiple Depends List controls can be single or multiple-selection containers.
ISelectionProvider::IsSelectionRequired Depends List controls do not always require that an item be selected.
ITableProvider Never ITableProvider is never supported for the List control type. If the control needs to support this control pattern, the control should be based on the Data Grid control type.

Required UI Automation Events

The following table lists the UI Automation events that list controls are required to support. For more information on events, see UI Automation Events Overview.

UI Automation Event Notes
UIA_AutomationFocusChangedEventId None
UIA_BoundingRectanglePropertyId property-changed event. None
UIA_IsEnabledPropertyId property-changed event. If the control supports the IsEnabled property, it must support this event.
UIA_IsOffscreenPropertyId property-changed event. If the control supports the IsOffscreen property, it must support this event.
UIA_LayoutInvalidatedEventId If the layout of child items can be changed, the control must support this event.
UIA_MultipleViewCurrentViewPropertyId property-changed event. If the control supports the MultipleView control pattern, it must support this event.
UIA_ScrollHorizontallyScrollablePropertyId property-changed event. If the control supports the Scroll control pattern, it must support this event.
UIA_ScrollHorizontalScrollPercentPropertyId property-changed event. If the control supports the Scroll control pattern, it must support this event.
UIA_ScrollHorizontalViewSizePropertyId property-changed event. If the control supports the Scroll control pattern, it must support this event.
UIA_ScrollVerticalScrollPercentPropertyId property-changed event. If the control supports the Scroll control pattern, it must support this event.
UIA_ScrollVerticallyScrollablePropertyId property-changed event. If the control supports the Scroll control pattern, it must support this event.
UIA_ScrollVerticalViewSizePropertyId property-changed event. If the control supports the Scroll control pattern, it must support this event.
UIA_Selection_InvalidatedEventId If the control supports the Selection control pattern, it must support this event.
UIA_StructureChangedEventId None

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