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NLS: Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) Mitigation Sample

The sample application described in this topic demonstrates how certain NLS functions can be used to mitigate some of the security issues associated with internationalized domain names (IDNs). This sample demonstrates the following NLS API functions:



// THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF 
// ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO 
// THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A 
// PARTICULAR PURPOSE. 
// 
// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. 
// 
// IdnMitigation.cpp 

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "windows.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <tchar.h>
#include "malloc.h"

// Print out a string using code points for the non-ASCII values 
void DumpString(LPCWSTR pInput)
{
    while (*pInput != 0)
    {
        if (*pInput < 0x80)
            wprintf(L"%c", *pInput);
        else
            wprintf(L"\\x%4.4x", *pInput);
        pInput++;
    }
    wprintf(L"\n");
}

// Test a string to see if its expected for a locale 
void TestString(LPCWSTR strTest, LPCWSTR strLocale)
{
    // We could count the strings, but we really don't expect large script combinations 
    WCHAR pLocaleScripts[255];
    WCHAR pStringScripts[255];

    // Show the inputs 
    wprintf(L"Testing string with locale %s:\n", strLocale);
    DumpString(strTest);
    
    // Get the expected scripts 
    if (GetLocaleInfoEx(strLocale, LOCALE_SSCRIPTS, pLocaleScripts, 255) == 0)
    {
        // Unexpected Error 
        wprintf(L"ERROR in GetLocaleInfoEx: %d\n", GetLastError());
        return;
    }
    
    // Get the actual scripts.  We're expecting inherited and common characters (like ,:, etc.) 
    if (GetStringScripts(0, strTest, -1, pStringScripts, 255) == 0 &&
        GetLastError() != ERROR_SUCCESS)
    {
        // Unexpected Error 
        wprintf(L"ERROR in GetStringScripts: %d\n", GetLastError());
        return;
    }

    // Show what we found 
    wprintf(L"Locale Scripts: %s\n", pLocaleScripts);
    wprintf(L"String Scripts: %s\n", pStringScripts);

    // Test the output 
    if (VerifyScripts(NULL, pLocaleScripts, -1, pStringScripts, -1))
    {
        wprintf(L"These script(s) are expected in this locale\n");
    }
    else
    {
        if (VerifyScripts(VS_ALLOW_LATIN, pLocaleScripts, -1, pStringScripts, -1))
        {
            wprintf(L"These script(s) are not expected for this locale, unless Latin is allowed\n");
        }
        else
        {
            wprintf(L"These script(s) are not expected in this locale\n");
        }
    }

    wprintf(L"\n");
}

int __cdecl wmain(int argc, WCHAR* argv[])
{
    LPWSTR strLatin = L"This is an entirely Latn string, even with characters like these: &#192;&#228;&#235;&#234;&#240;&#261;&#272;&#317;&#332;&#326;&#470;&#510;&#509;&#7912;";
    LPWSTR strMixed = L"This string has &#1057;&#1091;&#1075;&#1110;&#1472;&#1472;&#1110;&#1089;, Hebrew, and GR&#917;&#917;&#922; &#21313; Chinese &#24037;&#21475; and PUA &#63705; characters.  Depending on font it may look like Latin";
    LPWSTR strChinese = L"&#39321;&#28207;&#29305;&#21029;&#34892;&#25919;&#21312;";
    LPWSTR strCyrillic = L"&#1088;&#1091;&#1089;&#1089;&#1082;&#1080;&#1081;";
    LPWSTR strCyrlLatn = L"&#1088;&#1091;&#1089;&#1089;&#1082;&#1080;&#1081; (Russian)";

    TestString(strLatin, L"en-US");
    TestString(strMixed, L"en-US");
    TestString(strChinese, L"zh-HK");
    TestString(strCyrillic, L"ru-RU");
    TestString(strCyrlLatn, L"ru-RU");
    TestString(strCyrlLatn, L"en-US");
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Testing string with locale en-US:
This is an entirely Latn string, even with characters like these: \x00c0\x00e4\x00eb\x00ea\x00f0\x0105\x0110\x013d\x014c\x0146\x01d6\x01fe\x01fd\x1ee8
Locale Scripts: Latn;
String Scripts: Latn;
These script(s) are expected in this locale

Testing string with locale en-US:
This string has \x0421\x0443\x0433\x0456\x05c0\x05c0\x0456\x0441, Hebrew, and GR\x0395\x0395\x039a \x5341 Chinese \x5de5\x53e3 and PUA \xf8d9 characters.  Depending on font it may look like Latin
Locale Scripts: Latn;
String Scripts: Cyrl;Grek;Hani;Hebr;Latn;Zzzz;
These script(s) are not expected in this locale

Testing string with locale zh-HK:
\x9999\x6e2f\x7279\x5225\x884c\x653f\x5340
Locale Scripts: Hani;
String Scripts: Hani;
These script(s) are expected in this locale

Testing string with locale ru-RU:
\x0440\x0443\x0441\x0441\x043a\x0438\x0439
Locale Scripts: Cyrl;
String Scripts: Cyrl;
These script(s) are expected in this locale

Testing string with locale ru-RU:
\x0440\x0443\x0441\x0441\x043a\x0438\x0439 (Russian)
Locale Scripts: Cyrl;
String Scripts: Cyrl;Latn;
These script(s) are not expected for this locale, unless Latin is allowed

Testing string with locale en-US:
\x0440\x0443\x0441\x0441\x043a\x0438\x0439 (Russian)
Locale Scripts: Latn;
String Scripts: Cyrl;Latn;
These script(s) are not expected in this locale
*/



 

 

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