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Waiting for a Location Report

This topic explains how an application can wait for the first location report. This can be useful for applications that need to get location data only once, to fill out a form field or place the user's location on a map.

To wait for a report, the application can subscribe to report events and wait to get the report when the OnLocationChanged event or the OnStatusChanged event occurs. The application should wait for a specified finite amount of time.

The following example shows an application that waits for a location report of type ILatLongReport. If a report is successfully retrieved within the specified amount of time, it prints out a message indicating that data was received.

This example code demonstrates how an application may call a function named WaitForLocationReport that registers for events and waits for the first location report. WaitForLocationReport waits for an event that is set by a callback object. The function WaitForLocationReport and the callback object are defined in the examples that follow this one.


// main.cpp
// An application that demonstrates how to wait for a location report.
// This sample waits for latitude/longitude reports but can be modified
// to wait for civic address reports by replacing IID_ILatLongReport 
// with IID_ICivicAddressReport in the following code.

#include "WaitForLocationReport.h"

#define DEFAULT_WAIT_FOR_LOCATION_REPORT 500 // Wait for half a second.

int wmain()
{
    // You may use the flags COINIT_MULTITHREADED | COINIT_DISABLE_OLE1DDE
    // to specify the multi-threaded concurrency model.
    HRESULT hr = ::CoInitializeEx(NULL,
        COINIT_APARTMENTTHREADED | COINIT_DISABLE_OLE1DDE); 
    if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
    {
        int args;
        PWSTR *pszArgList = ::CommandLineToArgvW(::GetCommandLineW(), &args);

        DWORD const dwTimeToWait = 
            (2 == args) ? static_cast<DWORD>(_wtoi(pszArgList[1])) : DEFAULT_WAIT_FOR_LOCATION_REPORT;

        ::LocalFree(pszArgList);

        wprintf_s(L"Wait time set to %lu\n", dwTimeToWait);

        ILocation *pLocation; // This is the main Location interface.
        hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_Location, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC, IID_PPV_ARGS(&pLocation));
        if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
        {
            // Array of report types to listen for.
            // Replace IID_ILatLongReport with IID_ICivicAddressReport
            // for civic address reports.
            IID REPORT_TYPES[] = { IID_ILatLongReport }; 

            // Request permissions for this user account to receive location data for all the
            // types defined in REPORT_TYPES (which is currently just one report)
            // TRUE means an synchronous request.
            if (FAILED(pLocation->RequestPermissions(NULL, REPORT_TYPES, ARRAYSIZE(REPORT_TYPES), TRUE))) 
            {
                wprintf_s(L"Warning: Unable to request permissions.\n");
            }

            ILocationReport *pLocationReport; // This is our location report object
            // Replace IID_ILatLongReport with IID_ICivicAddressReport for civic address reports
            hr = ::WaitForLocationReport(pLocation, IID_ILatLongReport, dwTimeToWait, &pLocationReport);
            if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
            {
                wprintf_s(L"Succesfully received data via GetReport().\n");
                pLocationReport->Release();
            }
            else if (RPC_S_CALLPENDING == hr)
            {
                wprintf_s(L"No LatLong data received.  Wait time of %lu elapsed.\n", dwTimeToWait);
            }
            pLocation->Release();
        }

        ::CoUninitialize();
    }

    return 0;
}


The following example code is separated into WaitForLocationReport.h and WaitForLocationReport.cpp. WaitForLocationReport.h contains the header for the WaitForLocationReport function. WaitForLocationReport.cpp contains the definition of the WaitForLocationReport function and the definition of the callback object that it uses. The callback object provides implementations of the OnLocationChanged and OnStatusChanged callback methods. Within these methods, it sets an event that signals when a report is available.


// WaitForLocationReport.h
// Header for the declaration of the WaitForLocationReport function.

#pragma once

#include <windows.h>
#include <LocationApi.h>
#include <wchar.h>

HRESULT WaitForLocationReport(
    ILocation* pLocation,              // Location object.
    REFIID reportType,                 // Type of report.
    DWORD dwTimeToWait,                // Milliseconds to wait.
    ILocationReport** ppLocationReport // Receives the location report.
);



// WaitForLocationReport.cpp
// Contains definitions of the WaitForLocationReport function and
// the callback object that it uses.

#include "WaitForLocationReport.h"
#include <shlwapi.h>
#include <new>

// Implementation of the callback interface that receives location reports.
class CLocationCallback : public ILocationEvents
{
public:
    CLocationCallback() : _cRef(1), _hDataEvent(::CreateEvent(
        NULL,  // Default security attributes.
        FALSE, // Auto-reset event.
        FALSE, // Initial state is nonsignaled.
        NULL)) // No event name.
    {
    }

    virtual ~CLocationCallback()
    {
        if (_hDataEvent)
        {
            ::CloseHandle(_hDataEvent);
        }
    }

    IFACEMETHODIMP QueryInterface(REFIID riid, void **ppv)
    {
        if ((riid == IID_IUnknown) || 
            (riid == IID_ILocationEvents))
        {
            *ppv = static_cast<ILocationEvents*>(this);
        }
        else
        {
            *ppv = NULL;
            return E_NOINTERFACE;
        }
        AddRef();
        return S_OK;
    }

    IFACEMETHODIMP_(ULONG) AddRef()
    {
        return InterlockedIncrement(&_cRef);
    }

    IFACEMETHODIMP_(ULONG) Release()
    {
        long cRef = InterlockedDecrement(&_cRef);
        if (!cRef)
        {
            delete this;
        }
        return cRef;
    }

    // ILocationEvents

    // This is called when there is a new location report.
    IFACEMETHODIMP OnLocationChanged(REFIID /*reportType*/, ILocationReport* /*pLocationReport*/)
    {
        ::SetEvent(_hDataEvent);
        return S_OK;
    }

    // This is called when the status of a report type changes.
    // The LOCATION_REPORT_STATUS enumeration is defined in LocApi.h in the SDK
    IFACEMETHODIMP OnStatusChanged(REFIID /*reportType*/, LOCATION_REPORT_STATUS status)
    {
        if (REPORT_RUNNING == status)
        {
            ::SetEvent(_hDataEvent);
        }
        return S_OK;
    }

    HANDLE GetEventHandle()
    {
        return _hDataEvent;
    }

private:
    long _cRef;
    HANDLE _hDataEvent;    // Data Event Handle
};

// Waits to receive a location report. 
// This function waits for the callback object to signal when
// a report event or status event occurs, and then calls GetReport.
// Even if no report event or status event is received before the timeout,
// this function still queries for the last known report by calling GetReport.
// The last known report may be cached data from a location sensor that is not
// reporting events, or data from the default location provider.
//
// Returns S_OK if the location report has been returned
// or RPC_S_CALLPENDING if the timeout expired.
HRESULT WaitForLocationReport(
    ILocation* pLocation,               // Location object.
    REFIID reportType,                 // Type of report to wait for.
    DWORD dwTimeToWait,                // Milliseconds to wait.
    ILocationReport **ppLocationReport // Receives the location report.
    )
{
    *ppLocationReport = NULL;

    CLocationCallback *pLocationCallback = new(std::nothrow) CLocationCallback();
    HRESULT hr = pLocationCallback ? S_OK : E_OUTOFMEMORY;
    if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
    {
        HANDLE hEvent = pLocationCallback->GetEventHandle();
        hr = hEvent ? S_OK : E_FAIL;
        if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
        {
            // Tell the Location API that we want to register for a report. 
            hr = pLocation->RegisterForReport(pLocationCallback, reportType, 0);
            if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
            {
                DWORD dwIndex;
                HRESULT hrWait = CoWaitForMultipleHandles(0, dwTimeToWait, 1, &hEvent, &dwIndex);
                if ((S_OK == hrWait) || (RPC_S_CALLPENDING == hrWait))
                {
                    // Even if there is a timeout indicated by RPC_S_CALLPENDING
                    // attempt to query the report to return the last known report.
                    hr = pLocation->GetReport(reportType, ppLocationReport);
                    if (FAILED(hr) && (RPC_S_CALLPENDING == hrWait))
                    {
                        // Override hr error if the request timed out and
                        // no data is available from the last known report.  
                        hr = hrWait;    // RPC_S_CALLPENDING
                    }
                }
                // Unregister from reports from the Location API.
                pLocation->UnregisterForReport(reportType);
            }
        }
        pLocationCallback->Release();
    }
    return hr;
}


 

 

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