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ConditionalWeakTable(Of TKey, TValue).Add Method

Adds a key to the table.

Namespace:  System.Runtime.CompilerServices
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

<SecuritySafeCriticalAttribute> _
Public Sub Add ( _
	key As TKey, _
	value As TValue _


Type: TKey
The key to add. key represents the object to which the property is attached.
Type: TValue
The key's property value.


key is Nothing.


key already exists.

Every key in a ConditionalWeakTable(Of TKey, TValue) object must be unique. Keys are not unique if they refer to the same object (that is, if passing them as arguments to the Object.ReferenceEquals method returns true).

If the key is garbage-collected during the addition operation, the existing key/value pair is removed and the new key/value pair is added without an exception being thrown.

The following example defines a MainClass class and a MainInfo class, which provides information about the MainClass instance. The example then calls the Add method to add a MainClass object and its attached MainInfo object to a ConditionalWeakTable(Of TKey, TValue) table. The example also illustrates calls to the GetOrCreateValue and GetValue methods to add key/value pairs to the table, and to the TryGetValue method to retrieve the value of an existing key.

Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices

Public Class MainClass
   Public Name As String

   Public Sub New(ByVal name As String)
      Me.Name = name
   End Sub

   Public Overrides Function ToString() As String
      Return Me.Name
   End Function
End Class

' Define a class to contain information about each MainClass instance.
Public Class MainInfo
   Public Name As String
   Public Methods As Integer
   Public Properties As Integer

   Public Overrides Function ToString() As String
      Return String.Format("{0}: {1} Methods, {2} Properties", _
                           Me.Name, Me.Methods, Me.Properties)
   End Function
End Class

Module Example
   Private flags As BindingFlags = BindingFlags.Public Or BindingFlags.Instance

   Public Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)
      Dim m1 As New MainClass("m1")
      Dim m2 As New MainClass("m2")
      Dim m3 As New MainClass("m3")

      Dim mInfo1 As New MainInfo()
      mInfo1.Name = m1.ToString()
      mInfo1.Methods = m1.GetType().GetMethods(flags).Count
      mInfo1.Properties = m1.GetType().GetProperties(flags).Count

      Dim mInfo3 As New MainInfo()
      mInfo3.Name = m3.ToString()
      mInfo3.Methods = m3.GetType().GetMethods(flags).Count
      mInfo3.Properties = m3.GetType().GetProperties(flags).Count

      Dim attached As New ConditionalWeakTable(Of MainClass, MainInfo)
      Dim value As MainInfo = Nothing

      ' Attach a property to m1 using the Add method, then retrieve it.
      attached.Add(m1, mInfo1)
      If attached.TryGetValue(m1, value) Then
         outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0}, {1}", m1, value) & vbCrLf
         outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} does not have an attached property.", m1) & vbCrLf
      End If

      ' Attempt to retrieve the value attached to m2.
      value = attached.GetValue(m2, AddressOf Example.CreateAttachedValue)
      If attached.TryGetValue(m2, value) Then
         outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0}, {1}", m2, value) & vbCrLf
         outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} does not have an attached property.", m2) & vbCrLf
      End If

      ' Atttempt to retrieve the value attached to m3.
      value = attached.GetOrCreateValue(m3)
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0}, {1}", m3, value) & vbCrLf
   End Sub

   Public Function CreateAttachedValue(ByVal m As MainClass) As MainInfo
      Dim info As New MainInfo()
      info.Name = m.ToString()
      info.Methods = m.GetType().GetMethods(flags).Count
      info.Properties = m.GetType().GetProperties(flags).Count
      Return info
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       m1, m1: 4 Methods, 0 Properties
'       m2, m2: 4 Methods, 0 Properties
'       m3, : 0 Methods, 0 Properties


Supported in: 5, 4

  • SecurityCriticalAttribute 

    requires full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted or transparent code.

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